Modeli planiranja prevencije

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Planiranje prevencije u zajednici

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<p> , , . , , , , , , . , , , . , . . . -</p> <p>68</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> . , . . , . , , . , : . . , (, ). . , : , , , , , , ( : ., 2007). , . . . , , , . , . , -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>69</p> <p> , , , , () . . , , , . , . , . , , . , , . , , , . , ( : -, 2007). . , . -</p> <p>70</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> . , . . , ( : -, 2005), . , , . ( , , ), , , ( ) ( : -, , 2005:89124). , , . , . , , . , , , . . , , . -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>71</p> <p> . . , , . . . . . , . , . . . . (: -, -, 2005). , , . , , . , , . --</p> <p>72</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> , , . , : (Communities that Care System), (Five Steps of Strategic prevention planning) (Seven Steps to the Successful prevention program). . , , , , (Edwards ., 2000:292). , , , , , , . , . 1992. (Hawkins, Catalano, Barnard, Gottfredson, Holmes, Miller). . , , -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>73</p> <p> , . , , 1996. , , : , , , . , . , 2004. , , , . , , , ( , , , , , ). 2005. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration SAMHSA) (Center for Substance Abuse prevention CSAp). 55 (. , , , ) , , , .</p> <p>74 , </p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> , : , , (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005). . , . , . , : , , , , , , . , , , . , : 1) ; 2) - ( ) 3) (o) . . J (public Health Model) . , : 1) : , , ,</p> <p> ...</p> <p>75</p> <p> , ; 2) ( , , , , , , , ) , ; 3) . , : , , , , , (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005b). . . , , . . 20 , : , , , . , . , , . , : , , , (: -, 2005). , </p> <p>76</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> . , . , , , ( , , , ) (: -, 2004). , : 1) ; 2) , ; 3) , , . , () . , . 56 , , (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005a). ( 21 ) , : ( , , , ), ( , -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>77</p> <p> , , , ), ( , , , , ) ( , , ). , , , . , , . , : 1) ; 2) 3) . . . , : 1) ; 2) , , , , , , , </p> <p>78</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> , ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ; 7) (. gaps) ; 8) 9) . . , . , . . : 1 , 2 , , , 3 , 4 5 (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005). , : (. milestones) (. benchmarks). , : 1) ; 2) 3) . , , . -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>79</p> <p> , . . 1 . , : 1) 2) . : , , . , : , , , (. stakeholders) . (Key Leader Board) , (Community Board) (Community prevention Board) , , (. ). , , , : Investing in Your Communitys Youth: An Introduction to the Communities That Care System (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005b) Tools for Community Leaders: A Guidebook for Getting Started (Hawkins, Catalano, 2002). . 2 , , . : 1) 2) . : ( ); , , , ; </p> <p>80</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> . : ; . , ( : Hawkins, Catalano, 2003b; 2003f). . 3 . , : 1) 2) . . : ; ; ; (, ). : , ; ; ; . , , ( : Hawkins, Catalano, 2003; 2003). , (Communities That Care Youth Survey) , . . 4 . , : 1) ; 2) ; 3) -</p> <p> ...</p> <p>81</p> <p> 4) . . : ; ; ; ; . , ( : Hawkins, Catalano, 2003d) Communities That Care prevention Strategies Guide (Hawkins, Catalano, 2005). . 5 . , : 1) ( ); 2) ( ); 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ; 7) ; 8) , 9) () . : , ; , ; ; , . , , ( : Hawkins, Catalano, 2003c). ( -</p> <p>82</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> ), . , , . , ( ) , . , ( ) , . , ( ) . , . , . , . 2004. , . e . , </p> <p> ...</p> <p>83</p> <p> . , ; . (, , , , , , , , , , , , , ) . , 1999. , 2002. : (Achieving Outcomes: A practitioners Guide to effective prevention) (CSAP, 2002). (pathways to effective programs and positive Outcome) (CSAP, 2003). 2004. , . . . , : 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 5 . : 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) . () () (: CSAP, 2003; 2002).</p> <p>84</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> 1 . , . , : , . , , . : ; ; ; ; () . , : ; ; ; ; ; ; , ; , ; , , . , : ; , ; . 2 . , , . , . : () ; ; () . , : ; </p> <p> ...</p> <p>85</p> <p> , , ; , . , () , . 3 . , , . : ; ; ; () ; ; . : ; ; ; ; , ; . , , . 4 . , , , . , : ; ; , ; . , : ; ; , ; ; ; () . : , . 5 . , , . -</p> <p>86</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> , . , , : () ; ( ); ; ( ); ; , ( ). : ; ; ; ; . . , , (, , ). 2001. (Center for the Application of prevention Tecnologies) . . : 1 , 2 ( ), 3 , 4 , 5 (), 6 7 . , . 1 . </p> <p> ...</p> <p>87</p> <p>. . , . , . 2 ( ). , , . , : , , , . 3 . . . : , , . 4 . . : , , , , . 5 (). , . .</p> <p>88</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p> 6 . , , , , , . (. ). 7 . , . , . , ( 2 3), ( 1) ( 4). , , ( 1) ( 4) . , ( 5) ( 6), ( 6) ( 7). , . , : 1 , 2 , 3 4 . , </p> <p> ...</p> <p>89</p> <p> . , . , . , , . , . Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) (2002). Achieving Outcomes: A practitioners Guide to effective prevention. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) (2003). pathways to ffective programs and positive outcomes. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA). Edwards, R. W., Jumper-Thurman. P., Plested, B. A., Oetting, E. R., Swanson, L. (2000). Community readiness: Research to practice. Journal of Community psychology, 28 (3), 291307. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2002). Tools for community leaders: A guidebook for getting started. South Deerfield, MA: Channing Bette Company, Inc. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003a). Coomunity assessment training: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003b). Community board orientation: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003c). Coomunity plan implementation training: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003d). Coomunity planning training: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003). Coomunity resources assessment training: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP.</p> <p>90</p> <p> 4/2007</p> <p>Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2003f). Key leader orientation: Trainers guide. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2005). Communities that Care prevention strategies guide. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F. (2005b). Investing in your communitys youth: An introduction to the Communities that Care System. Rockville, MD: DHHS, SAMHSA, CSAP. , ., -, ., -, . (2007). : . : ( ). -, . (2004). . , 4, 103116. : , . -, . (2005). . . : . -, . (2005). . , 45 (1), 2755. : . -, . (2007). : . : . (.), : - (. 233253). : . -, ., -, . (2005). . : , . -, ., -, . (2005). . , , , 10 (1), 5169. : .</p> <p> ...</p> <p>91</p> <p>PRACTICAL MODELS OF PLANNING PREVENTION OF DISTUR BANCE OF BEHAVIOUR WITHIN COMMUNITY By Branislava Popovi-iti ABSTRACT Scientifically based planning of the process of prevention is a basic prerequisite for the development and advancement of an effective system of prevention of disturbance of behavior in children and juveniles. To plan prevention in a community means a systematical, organized and continual process of designing of overall prevention activities in a certain field within a certain period of time. It is realized through a number of stages which successively follow each other and designate directly the order of activities from the initial to the final point of prevention activity. Beside the conceptual designation of the process of planning and description of development of ideas on planning within the prevention field the article also mentions the basic postulates of the three leading models of planning of prevention within community, namely: Communities that Care System, Five Steps of Strategic Prevention Planning and Seven Steps to the Successful Prevention Program. Each model supplies a description of goals and tasks of each potential step of effective planning on the basis of which the conclusions on the basic stages of protection planning within community are stipulated in the finishing part of the article. Key words: prevention planning, prevention within a community, disturbance of behavior.</p>