1. 1 1 1 1 MY COUNTRY KAZAKHSTAN ESL 156 Culture studies Instructor: Tutkabekova Gulymhan Presenter: Adilbekov Aimurat. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov.
2. 2 2 2 2 Contents History Government and politics Geography Economy Culture Public holidays Religion REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN. Aimurat Adilbekov. 3. 3 3 3 3 HISTORY Kazakhstan has been inhabited since the Stone Age the region's climate and terrain are best suited for nomads practising pastoralism. There are a lot of really old cities, such as Taraz(VII-VIII centuries BC), Turkestan(500). Real political consolidation only began with the Mongol invasion of the early thirteenth century AD. Under the Mongol Empire, administrative districts were established, and these eventually came under the emergent Kazakh Khanate. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Tastemirov Timur 4. 4 4 4 4 Government and politics Kazakhstan is a presidential republic. The president is the head of state. The president also is the commander in chief of the armed forces and may veto legislation that has been passed by the Parliament. The prime minister chairs the Cabinet of Ministers and serves as Kazakhstan's head of government. There are three deputy prime ministers and 16 ministers in the Cabinet. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 5. 5 5 5 5 Geography With an area of 2.7 million square kilometers(1.05 million sq. mi), Kazakhstan is the ninth-largest country in the world. The terrain extends west to east from the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains and north to south from the plains of Western Siberia to the oases and deserts of Central Asia. The climate is continental, with warm summers and colder winters. Precipitation varies between arid and semi-arid conditions. back REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 6. 6 6 6 6 ECONOMY Energy is the leading economic sector. Production of crude oil and natural gas condensate in Kazakhstan amounted to 51.2 million tons in 2003, which was 8.6% more than in 2002. Kazakhstan raised oil and gas condensate exports to 44.3 million tons in 2003, 13% higher than in 2002. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 7. 7 7 7 7 Astana as a pride of Kazakhstan In 1994, the city was designated as the future capital of the newly-independent country, and again renamed to the present "Astana" after the capital was officially moved from Almaty in 1997. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 8. 8 8 8 8REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 9. 9 9 9 9REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 10. 10 10 10 10 CULTURE In the national cuisine, livestock meat can be cooked in a variety of ways and is usually served with a wide assortment of traditional bread products. Refreshments often include black tea and traditional milk-derived drinks such as ayran, shubat and kymyz. A traditional Kazakh dinner involves a multitude of appetisers on the table, followed by a soup and one or two main courses such as pilaf and besbarmak. back REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 11. 11 11 11 11 Date English name Local name Notes January 1 New Year's Day / January 7 Eastern Orthodox Christmas Not an official state holiday, but a day-off.Last day of Hajj Qurban Ait* March 8 International Women's Day / HOLIDAYS REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 12. 12 12 12 12 March 22 Nauryz Meyramy Traditionally a springtime holiday marking the beginning of a new year. May 1 Kazakhstan Peoples Unity Day / May 9 World War II Victory Day / A holiday in the former Soviet Union carried over to present-day Kazakhstan and other former republics. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 13. 13 13 13 13 July 6 Capital City Day / August 30 Constitution Day October 25 Republic Day / November 22 My birthday!!! Official holiday December 16 Independence Day / REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 14. 14 14 14 14 RELIGION Based on a 2007 data of, The Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the UK, Islam was practiced by 67% of the population, Christianity 30% and other religions 3%. Islam is the largest religion in Kazakhstan. REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 15. 15 15 15 15REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 16. 16 16 16 16 I hope that after this presentation you make sure, Boratstan is not a Kazakhstan REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov. 17. 17 17 17 17 THANK YOU VERY, VERY, VERY MUCH!!! Aimurat Adilbekov REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN . Aimurat Adilbekov.