NCGUB - Burma Situation Update - January 2010

  • Published on
    18-Nov-2014

  • View
    359

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

An update on the situation in Burma from the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma from November 2009 through to January 2010.

Transcript

Burma: Situation UpdateNovember 2009 - January 2010

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

BURMA:SITUATIONUPDATE

TheElections On 4 January this year Independence Day of Burma military chief Senior General Than Shwe announced that "Now, the new State constitution has been approved with massive support of the people.Plansareunderwaytoholdelectionsinasystematicwaythisyear.Inthatregard,theentire peoplehavetomakecorrectchoices,then." Likewise, Burma's Foreign Minister U Nyan Win also told his Southeast Asian counterparts in January thatelectionswouldbeheldthisyearandthattheywouldbe"fairandcredible".

Withsuchpromisesfromthemilitarygovernmentleaders,anelectioniscertaintotakeplace later this year. But, anyone interested in Burma is still very much in the dark about the country'spoliticalsituation.Thejuntahassetnodatefortheelection,norhasitpromulgated anylawallowingpoliticalpartiestoform.Noonehasanyideawhenthecampaignwillbeginor whowillbepermittedtorun. "Thecurrentpoliticalsituationisliketheblindgropinginthedarkness,"saidKhinMaungSwe,a spokespersonfortheNationalLeagueforDemocracy(NLD),speakingbyphonefromtheparty's headquartersinRangoon'sShwegondaingTownship. The generals have kept everyone guessing while they proceed with their own plans. The regimedoesnotseethe2010electionasanexitstrategybuttouseitasthefoundationforthe military's longterm domination of Burma's political system. After the election, the 2008 Constitution will come into force and the military will continue dominate every aspect of politicalandsociallifeinthecountry. Sinceeveryaspectoftheelectionissecret,theonlypoliticalinstitutionspreparedaremilitary juntasupported Union Solidarity and Development Association, the Myanmar War Veterans Organization,andtheNationalUnityPartyformerlythemilitaryrunBurmaSocialistProgram Party. Politicalinstitutionsunaffiliatedtothemilitaryclaimtheydonothaveenoughtimetoprepare fortheelections. TheDemocraticParty TheDemocraticPartyledbyUThuWay,whosaidhispartyhadnooptionsbuttoworkunder the military written constitution, has expressed support for the elections since the very beginning.But,itisnowsayingthatitwasreconsideringitsdecision. 1

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

U Thu Way said, "Electoral laws and regulations have not been made public until now and, therefore,theDemocraticPartyisreconsideringitsdecisiontoentertheelections.Timegiven for the campaign is not enough for the party to prepare for the polls. Trying to make it possible will be very difficult for us. It is already difficult building our party and also finding candidates for the elections who are trusted by the people. Since the time given is not sufficient,itbecomesevenmoredifficultforus.Ifwecangetaboutninemonths,wewilltryto contestintheelections.Ifnot,wewillhavetoreconsider." Democratic Party General Secretary Daw Cho Cho Kyaw Nyein also said, "They have spoken enthusiasticallyabouttheelectionsbuthavereallydonenothingaboutit.Ofcourse,weare readyinspirit.Wearealwaysreadytoworkforthebettermentofthecountryandthepeople. We have served time in prison and have encountered all sorts of difficulties but we keep ourselvesreadywithourhopes.And,ourpartyhasnotbeengrantedanyrightsatall". UnionofMyanmarNationalPoliticalLeague(UMNPL) Eventhe"ThirdForce"politicalinstitutionlikethe"88GenerationStudentsandYouth(Unionof Myanmar)"andthe"UnionofMyanmarNationalPoliticalLeague",whichhavebeenreceiving assistancefromthemilitaryinordertocounterthereal"88GenerationStudents"groupand theNationalLeagueforDemocracy,shareaviewthatthegovernmentshouldgrantequalrights toallpoliticalpartiesaswellasannounceelectorallawandotherregulationsquickly. TheUMNPLleaderKoAyeLwinsaid"No,wearenotready.Tobehonest,itislikeappearing for the matriculation examination. We can never claim to be ready until we sit down at the deskfortheexamination.Wewillhavetocontinueworking." UnionDemocracyAlliance NayMyoWay,spokespersonforanother"ThirdForce"theUnionDemocracyAlliance,said: "It will be too arrogant of us to say that we are ready. So, no, we are not ready. But, even thoughwearenotready,weareintheleadbecausethereisnoonebeforeus.Wearealsonot readyintermsofwhatourneedsare.But,wearereadyintermsofourbeliefsaswellasin spirit to form our organization. We are ready in terms of our work program. As far as our strengthisconcerned,wedonotintendtobuildourselvesintoanationalpartybecausewedo notthinkeveryoneshouldbeinvolvedinpolitics.But,everyoneshouldunderstandpoliticsand bepoliticallyalert.Noteveryoneneedstobecomeapartymember.Thatisourbelief." NationalLeagueforDemocracy The National League for Democracy says it remains firmly committed to its "Shwegondaing Declaration",whichcallsforareviewoftheConstitution,politicaldialoguebetweenthejunta andoppositiongroups,andthereleaseofmorethan2,000politicalprisoners,includingparty leaderDawAungSanSuuKyi,whohasbeendetainedformorethan14ofthepast20years. ThemilitarygovernmenthasnotrespondedtothecallbytheNationalLeague for Democracy. 2

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

In the meantime, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, general secretary of the National League for Democracy, whose house arrest was extended by the junta for another 18 months after a US citizen John Yettaw swamintoherlakesideresidencewithoutinvitation,continuestobeunderhousearrest.

Talkswithjuntaofficial Understandingthatsheneededtobreakthedeadlockwiththemilitaryregime,DawAungSan SuuKyiwrotetoSeniorGeneralThanShweinSeptember2009,sayingthatshewantedtowork with the authorities on finding ways to lift international economic sanctions. In response LiaisonMinisterUAungKyimetwithhertwiceinOctober. InNovember,DawAungSanSuuKyiwroteanotherlettertoSeniorGeneralThanShwe.Inthat letter,sheaskedthatshebeallowedtopayherrespectstotheailingelderlyseniorexecutives oftheNLD,holdameetingwithallNLDCentralExecutiveCommitteemembers,includingUTin Oo,andhaveafacetofacemeetingwithSeniorGeneralThanShwetodiscussmatterswhich willbebeneficialtothecountry. On9December,DawAungSanSuuKyiwaspermittedtocallonthreeailingNLDexecutives partyChairmanUAungShwe,SecretaryULwin,andexecutiveULunTin. UAungKyi,whowastheministerforlaborwasappointedtheliaisonministerinOctober2007 toactasagobetweenthejuntaandDawAungSanSuuKyi. Againon15Januarythisyear,UAungKyimetwiththeNobellaureateforabouthalfanhour butthetalksbetweenthetwohavenotbeenmadepublic.NLDSpokespersonUKhinMaung Swesaid,"ameetingwasheldbetweenthetwofrom1300toabout1325.Thatisthenewswe have received No press release has been issued yet. Usually a press release is issued only whenbothsidesagreetodoso." UAungKyihasmetwiththeNLDleadertentimessofar.

TrialofDawAungSanSuuKyi On22December2009,theSupremeCourtagreedtoheartheappealfiledbydefenselawyers for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to quash the verdict of a lower court in August. The court had sentencedhertothreeyearsimprisonmentwhichwasreducedto18monthsofhousearrest withadirectivefromSeniorGeneralThanShwe. Lawyer Kyi Win presented arguments for Aung San Suu Kyi against the verdict which was handed down after Suu Kyi allegedly "sheltered" US citizen John Yettaw, who swam to her lakesidecompoundcumprisoninMay.Explainingthesituation,DefenseLawyerUNyanWin said,"Adivisionalcourthasrecognizedthatthe1974basicconstitutionnolongerexists,yetthe verdictonDawAungSanSuuKyiispassedunderthatconstitutionslawWearguedthatthe 3

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

restrictionordergivenunderthespecificlawisillegitimate,andthussoistheverdictbasedon that restriction order. We emphasized that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi did not committed any crime. The prosecution argued that there was no official order statement on abolishing the 1974constitutionandthattheopeningchapterofthe2008constitutiononlysaidthatthe1974 constitution was 'terminated' but not 'abolished'. But in our opinion, whether it said 'terminated'or'abolished,'themeaningisthatthelawcannotbeusedanymore." On 18 January, defense lawyers presented their argument to seek Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's releasewhiletheprosecutionalsofiledanappealagainstthelowercaserulingthatthe1974 constitution was "abolished". After hearing the appeals from both sides, the Supreme Court announcedthatarulingwillbemadeoncethecaseisreviewed. Defenselawyersexpecttheverdictstocomeinaboutamonth.

NLDAddsMoreMemberstoCentralExecutiveCommittee

The National League for Democracy elected nine new members to the Central Executive Committee,bringingthetotalnumberofexecutivesto20. Explaining the move, NLD spokesperson U Khin Maung Swe said: "Generally speaking, the move was undertaken because township, state and divisional branches were asking us to reinforce the Central Executive Committee so that the executives who are getting old can be helped.So,weelectednewmemberstoassistinthepoliticaldutiesoftheelderlyexecutives, whose ages are now 80, 85 or more. Another point to mention here is that if we are to continueourpoliticaljourneyahead,theNLDneedstobestrongsothateffortsfordemocracy willbeeffective.ThatisthereasonwhytheCentralExecutiveCommitteeisbeingexpanded". The move by the NLD headquarters has been criticized by a small number of regional NLD organizerswhowantedtheheadquarterstorecruitnewexecutivesfromdifferentregions. Inresponsetothecriticism,UKhinMaungSwesaid:"Werespectedtheirwishandelectedthe newexecutivesassoonaspossible.But,wecannotpleaseeveryone.Ifwedidthat,wecould not have moved as fast as we did. In fact, the NLD only has organizing committees in the townships. It is not possible to hold party congresses or establish actual township party branchesyet.Ourpartyisnotevenacadrepartyyet.Wehavetoselectpeoplefromthetop level to set up bodies temporarily so that we can do our work. In the future when party congressescanbeconvened,wewillactaccordingtostandardizedrulesandregulations." In addition to the central executive committee at its headquarters, the NLD also has been reorganizingitswomenandyouthwingsalloverthecountry.Inthatregard,UKhinMaungSwe said: Central Women Wing members have been visiting different states and divisions to establishlocalwomenwings. 4

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

Meanwhile, according to U Khin Maung Swe, NLD youth leaders have youth wings in 64 townships. NLDSecretaryUWinTinandExecutiveUWinKyainghavealsobeentouringMandalaytomeet withtownshiporganizersinthedivisionandnearbyregions.ThevisittoUpperBurmabythe two NLD leaders is the first in many years since the military authorities have restricted the travelofallleadingNLDmembers. ThenewNLDCentralExecutiveCommittee: Chairman: UAungShwe (Ninenewmembers) ViceChairman: UTinOo DrThanNyein GeneralSecretary: AungSanSuuKyi UOhnKyaing Secretary: ULwin UWinMyint Members: UWinTin UTunTunHein UKhinMaungSwe DrWinNaing UThanTun UNyanWin USoeMyint UTheinNyunt UHlaPe UHanthaMyint ULunTin DrMayWinMyint UNyuntWai

TheMilitary

StateSecretsLeaked Inmid2009,theinternationalmediawassurprisedtoseedetailedinformationontheInternet aboutmilitaryprojectssecretlybeingundertakeninBurmaandabouttheweaponrytheleading members of the ruling State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) were trying to acquire fromRussiaandNorthKorea. SPDCViceChairmanViceSeniorGeneralMaungAye,whovisitedRussiain2006,soughthelpto setupanuclearreactor,procureguidedmissilesystemsandjetfighters,andarrangetraining formilitarypersonnelinnucleartechnologyandmodernweaponry. Third ranking SPDC member General Thura Shwe Mann visited North Korea in 2008 and his interestalsorevolvesaroundacquiringweaponryaswellasexpertiseandtechnologyindigging secretundergroundtunnelswhichwerebeingundertakeninBurmasince1996. The information leaked to Burmese blogs overseas and the exiled media concerned reports aboutmajorprojectsunderthesupervisionofSeniorGeneralThanShwehimself.Itwasabout militarization and war preparations in Burma acquiring modern weaponry, fighter jets, a 5

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

nuclearreactor,diggingundergroundtunnelsalloverthecountry,includingonesinthecapital NayPyiTawwhichserveasbombsheltersaswellasplacestohidelargenumberoftroops. As a resultof the news leaks, theMilitary Affairs Security rounded up manymilitary officials, including middleranking majors and colonels, in departments that had access to the information.Thesedetaineeswerecrosscheckedandinterrogatedforafewweeks. InNovemberlastyear,legalchargeswereofficiallyfiledagainstthreemen.On6Januarythis year,theSpecialCourtinInseinPrisonsentencedtwoofthemtodeathinadditiontopassing longprisonsentences.Thethirdreceiveda15yearjailterm.Thetwoallegedaccusedex Major Win Naing Kyaw and Kyaw Thura who received the death sentences under the Emergency Act were found guilty of leaking "state secrets" when they allegedly sent informationtoexMajorAungLinHtutaformerintelligenceofficialassignedtotheBurmese EmbassyinWashingtonDCbutisnowanasyleeintheUnitedStates. A Thaibased military affairs observer suggests that the three defendants may have sent the informationoutofthecountrybutthemilitaryintelligencehasyettodiscovertherealpersons, mostlylikelymilitaryofficers,whoprovidedtheinformationtothethreeaccused. NewCommandersAppointed AmeetingoftopmilitaryleadersandcommandersregularlyheldinNayPyiTawduringthelast quarteroftheyearusuallyinvolvespromotionsandreshufflingofhighlevelcommanders.But themeetingheldinNovemberlastyear,onlyreassignedmiddlerankingofficersGeneralStaff Officers1 as commanders of Tactical Operations Commands and Military Operations Commands.Themilitaryhasnotannouncedwheretheoriginalcommanderswentwhenthose reassignedtookovertheirpositions. ObserverssaytheoriginalcommandersmaybeassignedtotheMinistryofForeignAffairsand/ orbeingpreparedforciviliandutiesaftertheelections.Officersreassignedare: Lt Col Aung Zaw Oo under Lt Gen Ye Myint's Military Affairs Security was appointed as commanderofNo5MilitaryOperationsCommandbasedinAnofArakanState. LtColAungZawAyefromViceSeniorGeneralMaungAye'sOfficeoftheCommanderinChief ofArmyascommanderofNo14MilitaryOperationsCommandinMongHsatofShanState. Lt Col Thaik Soe was appointed as tactical operations commander of No 99 Light Infantry Division,LtColTheinTunOoastacticaloperationscommanderofKunlong,andLtColWinMin TunastacticaloperationscommanderofMongMit. Withtheexceptionofthefirstappointment,therestoftheofficersareappointedtoregions whereceasefireforcesarelocated. 6

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

Col Win Thein from the ArmyAir ForceNavy Coordination Office under General Thura Shwe MannwasappointedasthedeputycommanderoftheNortheastCommandbasedinLashio theforcewhichfoughttheKokangceasefiregroup. A military affairs observer U Aung Kyaw Zaw based at the SinoBurmese border said he was surprisedthat"nochangeswereannouncedatthehigherlevel".Withmiddlerankingofficers getting promotions, "Where did the original commanders go? We did not hear any new appointmentstothedivisions orregionalcommands.Didtheygettrans...