Original Wood Glue Titebond® II Premium Wood Glue joints: First make ’em, then break ’em We settled…

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  • TitebondOriginalWoodGlue TitebondIIPremiumWoodGlue TitebondIIIUltimateWoodGlue.(510')(3060').,,,,,,.......

    .(,..)(1015.)......().

    .(2025)(830C)...

    TitebondLiquidHideGlue TitebondPolyurethane TitebondTranslucentWoodGlue

    ,.,..,..HIDEGLUE,.,..

    (30)(45').,.,,Corian,.,

    .,..,.,.,MDF,,.

  • TitebondInstand TitebondGREENchoiceHeavyDutyConstructionAdhesive

    TitebondNoRun,NoDripWoodGlue

    Titebond..GEL3020.,,,.THICK108.,.MEDIUM75.,,,.

    .().,.....,,.

    ,.,,,..TitebondNoRun,NoDrip.,,.

    BoneGlue,Granulate, RabbitSkinGlue,Granulate, TitebondIIDarkWoodGlue,...,,..,.

    ..,()..

    .(,..)(1015.)...

  • Unle

    ss t

    hey

    confine

    thei

    r w

    oodw

    ork

    ing

    to k

    nock

    dow

    n

    furn

    iture

    , all

    woodw

    ork

    ers

    rely

    on g

    lue.

    As

    a re

    sult,

    ther

    e ar

    e doze

    ns

    of

    types

    of

    glue

    and m

    asse

    s of

    com

    pet

    ing

    bra

    nds

    all pro

    clai

    min

    g th

    eir

    super

    iority

    . To

    hel

    p m

    ake

    sense

    of it

    all,

    Fin

    e W

    ood

    wor

    kin

    g ra

    n a

    tes

    t w

    ith

    thre

    e m

    ain o

    bje

    ctiv

    es. T

    he

    firs

    t was

    to c

    om

    par

    e si

    x co

    mm

    on ty

    pes

    of w

    oodw

    ork

    ing

    glue;

    the

    seco

    nd w

    as to s

    ee if th

    e ty

    pe

    of w

    ood

    mig

    ht af

    fect

    the

    bondin

    g st

    rengt

    h o

    f th

    e diffe

    rent gl

    ues

    ; th

    e th

    ird

    was

    to d

    eter

    min

    e how

    tole

    rant th

    e gl

    ues

    are

    to p

    oorly

    cut jo

    ints

    .The

    res

    ults

    wer

    e re

    veal

    ing.

    Som

    e ol

    der gl

    ues per

    form

    ed sup

    erbl

    y,

    whi

    le a

    new

    er g

    lue

    was

    less

    tha

    n im

    pre

    ssiv

    e. T

    he w

    ood

    type

    does

    m

    ake

    a di

    ffer

    ence

    , bu

    t do

    nt be

    lieve

    the

    sto

    ries

    tha

    t sa

    y al

    l de

    nse

    trop

    ical

    woo

    ds a

    re h

    ard

    to g

    lue.

    And

    , whi

    le g

    lue

    star

    vatio

    n se

    ems

    to b

    e a

    myt

    h, s

    o do

    es the

    gap

    -fill

    ing

    abili

    ty o

    f ce

    rtai

    n gl

    ues.

    Sele

    ctin

    g gl

    ues,

    woo

    ds, a

    nd g

    aps

    To s

    ee w

    het

    her

    an o

    pen

    -gra

    ined

    wood b

    onds

    diffe

    rently

    fro

    m a

    tig

    ht-gr

    ained

    one,

    we

    chose

    white

    oak

    and h

    ard m

    aple

    . D

    ense

    tropic

    al w

    oods

    hav

    e a

    reputa

    tion a

    s bei

    ng

    difficu

    lt to

    glu

    e. W

    e in

    -te

    nded

    to u

    se te

    ak, b

    ut t

    he

    lum

    ber

    yard

    ow

    ner

    sugg

    este

    d ip

    , a

    s he

    had

    hea

    rd m

    any

    com

    pla

    ints

    about gl

    ue

    failu

    re w

    ith this

    wood.

    BY

    M

    AR

    K

    SC

    HO

    FI

    EL

    D

    We

    take

    six

    type

    s to

    the

    brea

    king

    poi

    nt,

    shat

    terin

    g so

    me

    com

    mon

    wis

    dom

    in th

    e pr

    oces

    s

    Your

    Glu

    e?

    Type

    lP

    VA g

    lue

    Hot

    hid

    e gl

    ue

    gran

    ules

    Liqu

    id

    hide

    glu

    e

    THE

    TYP

    ES

    WE

    TES

    TED

    We

    chose

    a t

    raditi

    onal

    inte

    rior

    poly

    vinyl

    ace

    tate

    (PVA

    ) ye

    llow

    gl

    ue

    repre

    sente

    d b

    y Elm

    ers c

    arpen

    ters

    glu

    e; a

    new

    er P

    VA g

    lue

    with

    a T

    ype

    I w

    ater

    pro

    of ra

    ting

    in the

    form

    of Tite

    bond I

    II; tw

    o

    types

    of

    hid

    e gl

    ue,

    a r

    oom

    -tem

    per

    ature

    ver

    sion b

    y O

    ld B

    row

    n

    Glu

    e an

    d tra

    diti

    onal

    gra

    nule

    s th

    at m

    ust

    be

    mix

    ed w

    ith w

    ater

    and

    hea

    ted; a

    two-p

    art,

    slow

    -set

    epoxy

    from

    Sys

    tem

    Thre

    e; a

    nd G

    orilla

    G

    lue

    s poly

    ure

    than

    e.

    If a

    join

    t is

    slo

    ppy,

    will

    the

    glue

    fill

    the

    gaps?

    Conve

    rsel

    y, if th

    e jo

    int

    is s

    o t

    ight

    it has

    to b

    e ham

    mer

    ed h

    om

    e, w

    ill i

    t be

    star

    ved

    of

    glue?

    Does

    a p

    erfe

    ctly

    fitt

    ing

    join

    t pro

    duce

    the

    stro

    nge

    st g

    lue

    bond?

    To a

    nsw

    er t

    hes

    e ques

    tions,

    we

    test

    ed b

    ridle

    join

    ts w

    ith

    thre

    e ty

    pes

    of fit:

    tight,

    snug,

    and loose

    .

    Brid

    le jo

    ints

    : Firs

    t mak

    e e

    m, t

    hen

    brea

    k e

    mW

    e se

    ttle

    d o

    n a

    bridle

    join

    t, al

    so k

    now

    n a

    s an

    open

    mortis

    e-an

    d-

    tenon join

    t, bec

    ause

    it

    has

    no m

    echan

    ical

    stren

    gth a

    nd i

    nst

    ead

    relie

    s en

    tire

    ly o

    n t

    he

    glue

    bond. It a

    lso w

    as e

    asy

    to a

    dju

    st t

    he

    wid

    th o

    f th

    e te

    non to

    chan

    ge th

    e fit o

    f th

    e jo

    int t

    o te

    st e

    ach g

    lue

    s ga

    p-fill

    ing

    abili

    ty.

    Pre

    cise

    mil

    ling

    To le

    ssen

    the

    impac

    t of a

    rogu

    e re

    sult,

    Jo

    hn W

    hite,

    Fin

    e W

    ood

    wor

    kin

    gs

    shop m

    anag

    er,

    mad

    e th

    ree

    sam

    ple

    s of

    each

    join

    t fo

    r a

    tota

    l of

    162

    sam

    ple

    s.

    To k

    eep w

    ood v

    aria

    ble

    s to

    a m

    inim

    um

    , he

    cut

    Slo

    w-s

    et

    epox

    yP

    olyu

    reth

    ane

    glue

    We

    pick

    ed s

    ix

    bran

    ds t

    o re

    pres

    ent

    the

    spec

    trum

    of

    com

    mon

    w

    oodw

    orki

    ng g

    lues

    , in

    clud

    ing

    two

    type

    s of

    PVA

    glu

    e, a

    po

    lyur

    etha

    ne g

    lue,

    an

    epo

    xy, a

    nd t

    wo

    type

    s of

    hid

    e gl

    ue.

    PVA

    glu

    e

    37www.fin

    ewoodwork

    ing.com

    JU

    LY

    /A

    UG

    US

    T 2

    00

    7

    CO

    PYRIG

    HT 2

    007 b

    y The

    Taunto

    n P

    ress

    , In

    c. C

    opyi

    ng a

    nd d

    istr

    ibution o

    f th

    is a

    rtic

    le is

    not

    per

    mitte

    d.

    The

    char

    t sh

    ows

    the

    glue

    s ra

    nked

    by

    the

    aver

    age

    forc

    e it

    too

    k to

    bre

    ak t

    heir

    join

    ts. T

    o gi

    ve a

    gui

    de t

    o ea

    ch g

    lue

    s re

    lati

    ve p

    erfo

    rman

    ce, i

    ts a

    vera

    ge jo

    int

    stre

    ngth

    is s

    how

    n as

    a p

    erce

    ntag

    e of

    tha

    t of

    the

    st

    rong

    est

    glue

    . We

    rate

    d Ty

    pe I

    PVA

    as

    the

    best

    ove

    rall,

    wit

    h in

    teri

    or y

    ello

    w g

    lue

    (PVA

    ) as

    the

    bes

    t va

    lue.

    GLU

    EJO

    INT

    FIT

    MA

    PLE

    OA

    KIP

    A

    VG

    . JO

    INT

    STR

    EN

    GTH

    (L

    B.)

    JOIN

    T S

    TRE

    NG

    TH A

    S

    % O

    F TY

    PE

    I

    PVA

    GLU

    E

    CO

    MM

    EN

    TS

    Type

    IP

    VA g

    lue

    (wat

    erpr

    oof)

    Tigh

    t1

    84

    21

    84

    32

    55

    4

    20

    24

    10

    0%

    This

    pro

    ved

    to b

    e a

    good

    all-

    arou

    nd g

    lue

    with

    no w

    eakn

    ess

    in a

    ny o

    f th

    e w

    oods

    or

    join

    t fit

    s.

    Com

    bine

    d w

    ith

    its

    ease

    of

    use

    and

    mod

    erat

    e co

    st, t

    his

    glue

    win

    s th

    e be

    st o

    vera

    ll la

    bel.

    Snu

    g1

    70

    01

    82

    22

    73

    3

    Loos

    e1

    59

    31

    60

    32

    52

    5

    Slo

    w-s

    et

    epox

    y

    Tigh

    t1

    69

    01

    90

    82

    42

    5

    19

    94

    99

    %

    The

    bett

    ing

    befo

    re t

    he t

    est

    was

    tha

    t th

    is g

    lue

    wou

    ld b

    e th

    e st

    rong

    est.

    It c

    ame

    in a

    clo

    se

    seco

    nd, b

    ut g

    iven

    its

    high

    cos

    t an

    d lo

    nger

    pr

    epar

    atio

    n tim

    e, t

    his

    was

    dis

    appo

    inting

    . In

    par

    ticu

    lar,

    it d

    idn

    t pr

    ove

    to b

    e th

    e cl

    ear

    choi

    ce f

    or g

    ap-fi

    lling

    .

    Snu

    g1

    68

    01

    83

    22

    71

    2

    Loos

    e1

    63

    51

    55

    72

    50

    3

    PVA

    glu

    e

    Tigh

    t1

    73

    71

    76

    92

    69

    6

    19

    24

    95

    %

    Man

    y w

    oodw

    orke

    rs w

    ill b

    e re

    lieve

    d to

    see

    th

    at t

    heir f

    irst

    -cho

    ice

    glue

    per

    form

    ed s

    o w

    ell.

    Amaz

    ingl

    y, it

    pro

    duce

    d th

    e st

    rong

    est

    bond

    s on

    tig

    ht a

    nd s

    nug

    ip

    join

    ts.

    This

    glu

    e is

    the

    be

    st v

    alue

    .

    Snu

    g1

    54

    31

    68

    42

    84

    2

    Loos

    e1

    47

    41

    53

    72

    03

    6

    Liqu

    id

    hide

    glu

    e

    Tigh

    t1

    46

    81

    85

    01

    71

    6

    15

    95

    79

    %

    Not

    as

    stro

    ng a

    s ep

    oxy

    or t

    he P

    VAs,

    thi

    s gl

    ue

    still

    gav

    e a

    very

    cre

    dibl

    e pe

    rfor

    man

    ce.

    It

    perf

    orm

    ed p

    articu

    larl

    y w

    ell o

    n oa

    k, b

    ut w

    as

    rela

    tive

    ly le

    ss s

    tron

    g on

    ip.

    Snu

    g1

    51

    61

    69

    91

    77

    9

    Loos

    e1

    43

    61

    52

    11

    37

    4

    Hot

    hid

    e gl

    ue

    Tigh

    t1

    48

    81

    84

    71

    76

    9

    15

    31

    76

    %

    Prop

    onen

    ts o

    f hi

    de g

    lue

    have

    nev

    er c

    laim

    ed

    that

    it is

    as

    stro

    ng a

    s PV

    A, b

    ut in

    stea

    d pr

    omot

    e its

    reve

    rsib

    ility

    and

    com

    patibi

    lity

    with

    stai

    ns a

    nd f

    inis

    h. F

    rom

    thi

    s te

    st, i

    t ap

    pear

    s th

    at h

    ot h

    ide

    glue

    is o

    nly

    a lit

    tle

    wea

    ker

    than

    ye

    llow

    glu

    e an

    d is

    str

    onge

    r on

    oak

    .

    Snu

    g1

    41

    21

    76

    51

    45

    9

    Loos

    e1

    48

    51

    61

    89

    36

    Pol

    yure

    than

    e

    Tigh

    t1

    41

    41

    49

    11

    87

    5

    11

    64

    58

    %

    The

    surp

    rise

    of

    the

    test

    was

    thi

    s gl

    ues

    po

    or s

    how

    ing.

    The

    snu

    g jo

    ints

    wer

    e po

    or,

    and

    the

    loos

    e jo

    ints

    wer

    e un

    acce

    ptab

    le.

    Poly

    uret

    hane

    may

    be

    a to

    ugh

    finis

    h, b

    ut it

    is

    nt

    a to

    ugh

    glue

    .

    Snu

    g1

    33

    61

    05

    51

    45

    5

    Loos

    e5

    64

    57

    17

    16

    WH

    ICH

    GLU

    E IS

    TH

    E S

    TRO

    NG

    EST?

    TH

    E W

    EA

    KE

    ST

    LIN

    KTh

    e jo

    ints

    fai

    led

    in t

    hree

    di

    ffer

    ent

    way

    s: W

    ith

    the

    stro

    nges

    t gl

    ues,

    pa

    rtic

    ular

    ly in

    map

    le

    and

    oak,

    the

    fai

    lure

    w

    as u

    sual

    ly 1

    00

    % in

    th

    e w

    ood.

    With

    the

    wea

    kest

    glu

    es, p

    articu

    larl

    y in

    the

    str

    onge

    st w

    ood,

    ip,

    th

    e fa

    ilure

    was

    10

    0%

    alo

    ng

    the

    glue

    line,

    with

    the

    woo

    d fib

    ers

    rem

    aini

    ng in

    tact

    . B

    ut

    the

    maj

    ority

    of t

    he jo

    ints

    sh

    owed

    som

    e co

    mbi

    nation

    of

    bot

    h ty

    pes

    of f

    ailu

    re.

    WO

    OD

    FA

    ILU

    RE

    GLU

    E FA

    ILU

    RE

    CO

    MB

    INAT

    ION

    AUTH

    OR

    S

    CH

    OI

    CE

    AUTH

    OR

    S

    CH

    OI

    CE

    JU

    LY

    /A

    UG

    US

    T 2

    00

    739

    www.fin

    ewoodwork

    ing.com

    CO

    PYRIG

    HT 2

    007 b

    y The

    Taunto

    n P

    ress

    , In

    c. C

    opyi

    ng a

    nd d

    istr

    ibution o

    f th

    is a

    rtic

    le is

    not

    per

    mitte

    d.

    BillOval

    BillLine

  • Sheet Glues

    No. / Description Min. application temperature

    Glue line after hardening

    Application area

    Open time Closed time Clamping time

    Purpose Bonding materials

    No. 450360, 450361, 450369Titebond Glue Original

    10 C Yellowish- translucent

    Interior 5 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    Furniture / instrument making Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450383Wood Glue (Propeller Glue)

    10 C Translucent Interior / exterior

    8-10 min.

    5 min. 30-60 min.

    Furniture making, windows, doors, garden furniture

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450364, 450365Titebond Glue Premium II

    13 C Yellowish- translucent

    Interior / exterior

    5 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    Furniture making, windows, doors, garden furniture

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450372 Titebond II Glue, Dark(see www.more-than-tools.de)

    13 C Brown Interior / exterior

    5 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    Dark woods, furniture making, windows, doors, garden furniture

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450384Titebond II Fluorescent Wood Glue

    13 C Yellowish- translucent

    Interior / exterior

    5 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    Stained workpieces, furniture making, windows, doors

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450387Titebond II Extend Wood Glue

    15 C Cream-coloured

    Interior / exterior

    15 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    For large applications, both interior and exterior. Laminated timber. Carpentry

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450362, 450363Titebond Glue Ultimate III

    8 C Light brown

    Interior / exterior

    10 min. 15 min. 30-60 min.

    Extreme water-resistance, doors, exterior applications, windows

    Wood

    No. 450385, 450386Titebond Cold Press Veneer

    10 C Dark brown Interior 15 min. 5 min. 45-60 min.

    For cold-press bonding of veneers

    Wood

    No. 450388, 450389 Titebond No-Run, No-Drip Wood Glue

    10 C Translucent Interior 3-5 min. 10 min. 30-60 min.

    For vertical glue joints and overhead application

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450396Titebond Translucent Wood Glue

    10 C Translucent Interior 5 min. 10 min. 20-40 min.

    General household and furniture-making projects

    Wood, textile, leather

    No. 450368Titebond Hide Glue

    10 C Translucent Interior 10 min. 20 min. 30-60 min.

    For restoration and musical instrument making

    Wood, textile, leather

    Sheet Adhesives

    No. / Description Min.

    application

    temperature

    Glue line after

    hardening

    Application

    area

    Open time Closed time Clamping

    time

    Purpose Bonding

    materials

    No. 450366Titebond PU-Glue

    10 C Yellow Interior / exterior

    25 - 30 min. (includes open and closed time)

    Approx.

    45 min.For bridging larger gaps, restoration work

    Wood, metal, texti-le, leather, plastic, ceramics, rubber

    No. 450377Titebond Instand Bond Wood Adhesive, Gel

    10 C Translucent Interior 30 sec. 20 sec. 60 sec.

    For larger gaps Wood, metal, texti-le, leather, plastic, ceramics, rubber