Perlindungan Dan Pemanfaatan Hiu

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Perlindungan Dan Pemanfaatan Hiu

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<p> REGULASI PERLINDUNGAN/PEMANFAATAN HIU DI INDONESIATTIM PENGAJAR FAKULTAS PASCA SARJANA UNIVERSITAS PATTIMURA, AMBON</p> <p>10 NEGARA PENGHASIL HIU TERBESAR DUNIA</p> <p>1</p> <p>2</p> <p>3</p> <p>4</p> <p>5</p> <p>6</p> <p>7</p> <p>8</p> <p>9</p> <p>10INDONESIA88,790 ton/th12.31 %</p> <p>TAIWAN29,310 ton/th4.07 %</p> <p>MALAYSIA22,297 ton/th3.09 %</p> <p>INDIA79,193 ton/th10.98 %</p> <p>ARGENTINA39,952 ton/th5.54 %BRAZIL21,009 ton/th2.91 %MEXICO30,305 ton/th4.20 %USA37,069 ton/th5.14 %SPAIN62,157 ton/th8.62 %FRANC19,498 ton/th2.70 %</p> <p>TOTAL PRODUKSI HIU DUNIA721,011 ton/th</p> <p>SENTRA PRODUKSI PERIKANAN HIU DI INDONESIA</p> <p>Muara Baru &amp; Muara Angke - JakartaSibolgaSumatera Utara</p> <p>Pelabuhan RatuJawa Barat</p> <p>CilacapJawa Tengah</p> <p>PrigiJawa Timur</p> <p>SurabayaJawa Timur</p> <p>BenoaBali</p> <p>Tanjung LuarNTB</p> <p>KupangNTT</p> <p>PRODUKSI IKAN HIU DI SETIAP WPP-RI (2005-2010)</p> <p>PASAR EKSPOR SIRIP HIU ASAL INDONESIA</p> <p>JALUR PERDAGANGAN SIRIP HIU ASAL INDONESIA</p> <p>KERAGAMAN HIU DAN PARI DI INDONESIA</p> <p>Jumlah spesies hiu yang ada di Indonesia sebanyak 116 spesies (Fahmi dan Dharmadi, 2010),Jumlah hiu yang dilindungi secara penuh sebanyak 1 spesies (HIU PAUS),Jumlah hiu yang dilarang ditangkap berdasarkan Resolusi IOTC (3 spesies);Jumlah hiu yang diatur perdagangan internasionalnya sebanyak 4 spesies</p> <p>Jumlah pari yang ada di perairan Indonesia sebanyak 98 spesies (Fahmi dan Dharmadi 2010)Jumlah pari yang dilindungi secara penuh sebanyak 3 spesies,</p> <p>HIU</p> <p>PARI</p> <p>ISU TENTANG PERIKANAN HIU DAN PARIPenangkapan berlebih (Over eksploitasi);Penangkapan anakan;Kepentingan ekonomi;By-Catch pengoperasian gillnet dan rawai; danCara penangkapan ikan hiu yg dianggap kejam</p> <p>RegulasiNasional</p> <p>RegulasiRFMO</p> <p>RegulasiCITESRegulasi Terkait Perikanan Hiu dan Pari</p> <p>SmartArt custom animation effects: continuous picture list(Basic)</p> <p>To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Continuous Picture List (third row, fourth option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide.On the slide, select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 5.05.In the Width box, enter 7.57.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Arrange, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArt Styles group, click More, and then under Best Match for Document click select Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left).Click each of the three picture placeholders in the SmartArt graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the three circle pictures on the slide. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, click Accent color 1, 8 pt glow (second row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click Orange, Accent 6, Lighter 80% (second row, 10th option from the left).Select the left-right arrow at the bottom of the SmartArt graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then select Linear Right (first row, fourth option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Orange, Accent 6, Darker 25% (fifth row, 10th option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 50%.Click the button next to Color, and then click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 255, Green: 192, Blue: 0.Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Orange, Accent 6, Darker 25% (fifth row, 10th option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select the three rounded rectangles on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT from the Font list, enter 30 pt in the Font Size box, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight reflection, touching (first row, first option from the left).Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, in the left pane, click Fill, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Direction list, select Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 19%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).</p> <p>To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the graphic. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch. Under Modify: Stretch, in the Speed list, select Fast.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Stretch dialog box, on the SmartArt Animation tab, in the Group graphic list, select One by One.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the double arrows under the animation effect to expand the list of effects. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the animation effects in the Custom Animation task pane. Under Modify: Stretch, in the Start list, select With Previous.Select the first animation effect (stretch effect for the left-right arrow) in the Custom Animation task pane. Under Modify: Stretch, click the arrow to the right of the effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretch dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following: In the Delay box, enter 0.5. In the Speed box, enter 1.5 seconds.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the second and third animation effects (stretch effects for the left panel) in the Custom Animation task pane. Under Modify: Stretch, in the Direction list, select From Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, with the second and third animation effects still selected, click the arrow to the right of one of those effects, and then click Timing. In the Stretch dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1, and then click OK.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the sixth and seventh animation effects (stretch effects for the right panel) in the Custom Animation task pane. Under Modify: Stretch, in the Direction list, select From Left. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, with the sixth and seventh animation effects still selected, click the arrow to the right of one of those effects, and then click Timing. In the Stretch dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.</p> <p>To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).</p> <p>HIU DAN PARI YANG DILINDUNGI BERDASARKAN REGULASI NASIONAL</p> <p>REGULASI NASIONALPP No.7/99 Pengawetan Tumbuhan dan SatwaHIU GERGAJIPristis microdon</p> <p>STATUS PERLINDUNGAN PENUHTIDAK BOLEH DIMANFAATKAN</p> <p>REGULASI NASIONALKep. MenKP No. 18/2013 Penetapan Status Perlindungan Ikan Hiu Paus (Rhyncodon typus)</p> <p> Berukuran Besar (18 M) Berumur panjang (100 150 Tahun) Jumlah anakan sedikit Melakukan migrasi jarak jauh Lambat mencapai matang kelamin (30 Tahun) Pertumbuhannya lambat</p> <p>Nama IlmiahManta alfrediNama InggrisReef Manta RayNama IndonesiaPari MantaInf. BiologiUsia dewasa 6 15 tahun; Ukuran anakan 182 192 cmUkuran dewasa 270 300 cm; Ukuran maksimum 500 cm; Usia maksimum 40 tahun; Periode pemijahan 2 5 tahun; Periode kehamilan 12 13 bulan; fekunditas umumnya 1 anakan, terkadang 2 anakan;</p> <p>DILINDUNGI BERDASARKAN KEPMENKP NO.4/2014</p> <p>1</p> <p>Nama IlmiahManta birostrisNama InggrisOceanic manta ray, Giant manta ray, Devil rayNama IndonesiaIndonesia Pari Manta; Lombok Pari Kerbau; Jawa Cawang Kalung.Inf. BiologiUsia dewasa 6 15 tahun; Ukuran anakan 122 127 cmUkuran dewasa 360 - 380 cm; Ukuran maksimum 670 -910 cm; Usia maksimum estimasi 40 tahun; Periode pemijahan 2 5 tahun; Periode kehamilan 12 13 bulan; fekunditas umumnya 1 anakan, terkadang 2 anakan;</p> <p>2DILINDUNGI BERDASARKAN KEPMENKP NO.4/2014</p> <p>KETENTUAN SANKSI</p> <p>Barang siapa dengan sengaja melakukan pelanggaran terhadap ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 21 ayat (1) dan ayat (2) serta Pasal 33 ayat (3) dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 5 (lima) tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp. 100.000.000,00 (seratus juta rupiah)</p> <p>UU No.5/1990 Pasal 40 ayat (2)</p> <p>Setiap orang yang melanggar ketentuan sebagaimana yang ditetapkan dalam Pasal 7 ayat (2) dipidana dengan pidana denda paling banyak Rp 250.000,-</p> <p>Pasal 100CDalam hal tindak pidana sebagaimana dimaksud dalamPasal 7 ayat (2) dilakukan oleh nelayan kecil dan/ataupembudi daya-ikan kecil dipidana dengan pidana dendapaling banyak Rp100.000.000,00 (seratus juta rupiah) </p> <p>UU No.45/2009Pasal 100 dan 100C</p> <p>HIU YANG DILARANG DITANGKAP BERDASARKAN KETENTUAN RFMOs (Regional Fisheries Management Organisations)IOTC (Indian Ocean Tuna Commission), Resolusi 5/5</p> <p>DIREKTORAT KONSERVASI KAWASAN DAN JENIS IKANDITJEN KELAUTAN, PESISIR DAN PULAU-PULAU KECILKEMENTERIAN KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN</p> <p>KETENTUAN RFMOs (IOTC) TENTANG HIU TIKUSINDONESIA GAGAL MENOLAK MASUKNYA 4 SPESIES HIU DAN 2 SPESIES PARI DALAM APPENDIK II CITES </p> <p>Manta birostrisManta alfredi</p> <p>STATUS PERLINDUNGAN HIU DI RFMORFMO-IOTC (Indian Ocean Tuna Commission) :Resolusi 05/05 ;Setiap Contracting Party wajib melaporkan tangkapan sharks;Setiap kapal dilarang untuk menyimpan diatas kapal, memindahkan dari/ke kapal lain atau mendaratkan tangkapan sirip hiu (sharks) yang bertentangan dengan Resolusi 05/05;Setiap Negara wajib melepaskan tangkapan hiu yang hidup terutama juvenile dan hiu yang sedang hamil;Setiap Negara wajib melakukan penelitian terhadap alat tangkap yang selektif.</p> <p>KEPUTUSAN MEN-KP No. PER.26/MEN/2013Perubahan atas PermenKP No. PER.30/MEN/2012TENTANGUsaha Perikanan Tangkap di WPP-RIPASAL 73Setiap kapal penangkap ikan yang memiliki SIPI di WPP-NRI wajib melakukan tindakan konservasi terhadap jenis spesies tertentu yang terkait secara ekologi dengan tuna, yang ditetapkan oleh Regional Fisheries Management Organization;Jenis spesies tertentu sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (1) berupa :Ikan hasil tangkapan sampingan (bycatch) berupa hiu monyet (Thresher shark), penyu laut, dan mamalia laut termasuk paus; atauNon-ikan yang tertangkap secara tidak sengaja (accidental catch) berupa burung laut.Tindakan konservasi terhadap ikan hasil tangkapan sampingan (bycatch) sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (2) huruf (a) meliputi :Melepaskan ikan yang tertangkap jika masih dalam kondisi hidup;Melakukan penanganan dan/atau menyiangi ikan yang tertangkap dalam keadaan mati dan mendaratkannya dalam keadaan utuh;Melakukan pencatatan jenis ikan yang tertangkap dalam keadaan mati, dan melaorkan kepada Direktur Jenderal melalui kepala Pelabuhan Pangkalan sebagaimana tercantum dalam SIPI.</p> <p>KEPUTUSAN MEN-KP No. PER.26/MEN/2013Perubahan atas PermenKP No. PER.30/MEN/2012TENTANGUsaha Perikanan Tangkap di WPP-RIPASAL 73Tindakan konservasi terhadap non-ikan yang tertangkap secara tidak sengaja (incidental catch) sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (2) huruf (b) meliputi :Melepaskan spesies non-ikan yang tertangkap jika masih dalam kondisi hidup;Melakukan pencatatan spesies non-ikan yang tertangkap dalam keadaan mati dan melaporkan kepada Direktur Jenderal melalui kepala Pelabuhan Pangkalan sebagaimana tercantum dalam SIPI.(5)Terhadap penangkap ikan yang melanggar ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (3) dan ayat (4) dikenakan SANKSI ADMINISTRATIF berupa PENCABUTAN SIPI(6)Bentuk dan format laporan sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (3) huruf c dan ayat (4) huruf b, sebagaimana tercantum dalam Lampiran XVIII yang merupakan bagian tidak terpisahkan dari Peraturan Menteri ini</p> <p>PERMEN-KP . PER.12/MEN/2012USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP DI LAUT LEPASPasal 43Hasil tangkapan sampingan (bycatch) yang yang secara ekologis terkait dengan (ecologically related species) perikanan tuna sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 39 berupa hiu monyet dengan ketentuan harus dilepaskan dalam keadaan hidup;(2)Dalam hal hiu monyet yang tanpa sengaja tertangkap dalam keadaan mati, nakhoda harus melaporkan kepada kepala pelabuhan pangkalan untuk dibuat surat keter...</p>