Persuasive Speech Unit - mrwilkes11 - Speech...PERSUASIVE SPEECH INTRODUCTION: PERSUASION Each of these…

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  • PERSUASIVE SPEECHINTRODUCTION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    MLKS I HAVE A DREAM

    Watch this video clip

    Write down three strong phrases you hear.

    Imagine yourself as an audience member: describe how Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech makes you feel.

    Tone of the Speech: ______________

    Mood (your emotions): ______________

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    I HAVE A DREAM

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    STRONG PHRASES?

    TONEMOOD

    America has given the Negro people a bad check.

    Rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.

    Determined

    Optimistic

    Uplifting

    Inspirational

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    WHAT IS PERSUASION?

    Bringing your audience to believe as you do.

    Influencing your audience to take action.

    Influence a person's beliefs, attitudes, intentions, motivations, or behaviors.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    INTRODUCTION: PERSUASION

    WHERE DO YOU USE PERSUASION

    IN YOUR LIFE?

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    YOU WISH TO CONVINCE YOUR PARENTS THAT YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO ATTEND A

    LOCAL CONCERT.

    YOU WANT TO CONVINCE YOUR TEACHER THAT MORE TIME IS NEEDED TO COMPLETE

    A CLASS PROJECT.

    YOU WISH TO SHOW YOUR FRIENDS THAT DRINKING AND DRIVING DO NOT ADD UP

    TO AN INTELLIGENT WAY TO HAVE A GOOD TIME.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    INTRODUCTION: PERSUASION

    Each of these situations requires aspects of persuasion:

    Awaken a belief on the part of your listeners that what you are proposing is a good idea.

    Show the audience that you have a well-thought-out plan of action available.

    Be able to convince your audience that your plan of action is realistic and the right thing to do.

    Be able to push the right buttons, or know your audience.

  • ETHOS, LOGOS, PATHOS

    THE ART OF PERSUASION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ARISTOTLE 384 BCE 322 BCE

    1. Greek philosopher & scientist

    2. Logic was designed for science the purpose of attaining the truth.

    3. Philosophized about existence & challenged Platos (his teacher) thinking.

    4. Introduced modern rhetoric the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing

    5. Persuasive language: Ethos, Logos, Pathos.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ETHOS, LOGOS, PATHOS

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ETHOS PERSONAL CREDIBILITY

    LOGOS LOGIC

    PATHOS EMOTION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    Greek word for character"

    Honesty Competency Energy

    Direct Interest in Outcomes

    Expertise and Experience

    Speaker often begins speech with some degree of credibility or Ethos

    ETHOS PERSONAL CREDIBILITY

    LOGOS LOGIC

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ETHOS PERSONAL CREDIBILITY

    LOGOS LOGIC

    Donald Trumps Ethos

    Suit and tie

    Years of business experience

    Not a politician

    Ivy League School

    The Best Words

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    Facts

    Expert opinions or quotations

    Definitions - statement of meaning of word or phrase

    Statistics - offer scientific support

    Examples - powerful illustrations

    Anecdote - incident, often based on writer's personal experiences

    ETHOS PERSONAL CREDIBILITY

    LOGOS LOGIC

    PATHOS EMOTION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    PATHOS EMOTION

    Examples:

    "Cigarette smoke contains over 4,800 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer.

    Lady Gaga was more popular than Justin Bieber in 2011 because Gaga's fan pages collected ten million more Facebook fans than Bieber's.

    ETHOS PERSONAL CREDIBILITY

    LOGOS LOGIC

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    A carefully reasoned argument will be strengthened by an emotional appeal, especially love, anger, disgust, fear, compassion, and patriotism.

    feeling the speech

    Aristotle: Emotions have specific causes and effects.

    Introduction and conclusion most appropriate for pathos

    LOGOS LOGIC

    PATHOS EMOTION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECHLOGOS LOGIC

    PATHOS EMOTION Just as different drug draw off different

    humors from the body, and some put an end to disease and other to life, so too of discourses: some give pain, others delight, others terrify, others rouse the hearers to courage, and yet others by a certain vile persuasion drug and trick to soul (Gorgias).

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECHLOGOS LOGIC

    PATHOS EMOTION Example: "Mom, there is clear evidence

    that cell phones save lives in emergency situations."

    While that statement is true, the real power lies in the emotions that you will likely invoke in your parent. What mother wouldn't envision a broken-down automobile perched by the side of a busy highway upon hearing that statement?

  • RHETORICAL DEVICESSTYLE

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    WRITING A PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    Two Magic Ingredients:

    1. A great script, using persuasive techniques, short sentences, and hard-hitting vocabulary.

    2. Fantastic delivery: speaking loud, clear and with passion.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    RHETORICAL DEVICE:

    ANAPHORA

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ANAPHORA

    The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ANAPHORA

    "It rained on his lousy tombstone, and it rained on the grass on his stomach. It rained all over the place.

    Catcher in the Rye

    "It rained on his lousy tombstone, and it rained on the grass on his stomach. It rained

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    ANAPHORA

    "It's the hope of slaves sitting around a fire singing freedom songs; the hope of immigrants setting out for distant shores; the hope of a young naval lieutenant bravely patrolling the Mekong Delta; the hope of a millworker's son who dares to defy the odds; the hope of a skinny kid with a funny name who believes that America has a place for him, too."

    "It's the hope of slaves sitting around a fire singing freedom songs; the hope of immigrants setting out for distant shores; the hope of a young naval lieutenant bravely patrolling the Mekong Delta; the hope of a millworker's son who dares to defy the odds; the hope of a skinny kid with a funny name who believes that America has a place for him, too."

  • "A SERIES OF HAMMER BLOWS IN WHICH THE REPETITION OF THE WORD BOTH CONNECTS AND REINFORCES THE SUCCESSIVE THOUGHTS" (NEW TESTAMENT INTERPRETATION THROUGH RHETORICAL CRITICISM, 1984).

    George A. Kennedy On Anaphora

    PERSUASIVE SPEECH

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    RHETORICAL DEVICE:

    ANTITHESIS

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH ANTITHESIS

    Figure of balance in which two contrasting ideas are intentionally juxtaposed, usually through parallel structure; a contrasting of opposing ideas in adjacent phrases, clauses, or sentences.

    I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today!"

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    RHETORICAL DEVICE: ALLUSION

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH ALLUSION

    A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers.

    The rise in poverty will unlock the Pandoras box of crimes.

    This is an allusion to one of Greek Mythologys origin myth, Pandoras box.

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    RHETORICAL DEVICE:

    METAPHOR

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH METAPHOR

    A figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share some common characteristics.

    But thy eternal summer shall not fade (Summer to youth)

    We live on a placid island of ignorance in the midst of black seas of infinity, and it was not meant that we should voyage far.

    https://literarydevices.net/figure-of-speech/https://literarydevices.net/comparison/

  • ANALYSISI HAVE A DREAM

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    I HAVE A DREAM

    Read the introduction aloud

    In pairs read and annotate the speech

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    I HAVE A DREAM

    Find examples of each

    Logos, Pathos (2 of each)

    Strong Diction (4 of each)

    Two of each: Anaphora, antithesis, and allusion

    Eight metaphors

    At least one rhetorical device in each paragraph

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    I HAVE A DREAM QUESTIONS

    Questions submit:

    mrwilkes@zoho.com

    MLA Format

    File name:

    NameClassDreamQuestions.doc

    mailto:mrwilkes@zoho.com

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    I HAVE A DREAM QUESTIONS1. Copy and define 10 words you dont know from the speech.

    2. What is MLKs dream? Explain using two examples from the speech.

    3. What are some of the specific acts of injustice against African Americans which King cites in his speech?

    4. Nearly every line of King's speech is filled with powerful images, or "mental pictures," many created by using figures of speech. Images help audiences to feel what speakers/writers want them to feel, help them remember what they have read or heard, and help them understand difficult material. Write a well-developed paragraph telling which of King's images you find most powerful and appealing and explain why this image had meaning for you.

  • ANALYSISPERSUASIVE SPEECH

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    SPEECH ANALYSIS THIS I BELIEVE

    Groups of Five

    Reader

    Informer

    Historical Background or Biographical Information

    Speakers Purpose

    Summarizer (secondary LD)

    Language Detective Ethos, Logos, and Pathos; Rhetorical/Literary Devices

    Power Pointer

  • WRITINGPERSUASIVE SPEECH

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    SPEECH WRITING

    Assignment

    I Have a Dream Speech

    What is your dream for your school, community, country, or the world?

    4-5 minutes (500-700 words)

    Ethos, Logos, and Pathos (blue, green, orange)

    Anaphora: three examples (red)

    Metaphor: three (purple)

    Antithesis: one example (pink)

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    SPEECH WRITING

    Structure

    Essay structure

    Introduction with a clear thesis

    Topic sentences with transitions

    Summarizing conclusion

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    SPEECH WRITING

    Video

    4-5 minute video

    Use music in the introduction

    Mood: uplifting and determined

    Filetype: .mov

  • PERSUASIVE SPEECH

    SPEECH WRITING

    Rubric

    Structure of the speech

    Grammar and mechanics

    Tone and Mood

    Diction (pronunciation)

    E., L., P., and Rhetorical Devices

    Overall effectiveness of argument