Philippine Movement for Climate Justice

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  • KhevinYu

    Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ)

    UP-Diliman

    November 27, 2014

    CLIMATE JUSTICE

  • GLOBAL WARMINGNatural na nagbabago ang klima para mapanitili ang tamang kondisyon para maging posible ang buhay sa ating planeta.

    Ang Klima din ay nagbabago dahil sa aksyon ng mga tao (agrikultura, industrial, urbanization)

  • GLOBAL WARMING

    Ang pagiinit sa mundo na unangnapansin nuong mid-1980s ay hindi natulad ng dati.Ang kakaibang paginit ngayon ng mundoay masasabing pangunahing dulot ngaksyon ng taoAng karamihan ng GHG ay bunubuo ngcarbon dioxide (CO2).

  • ANO ANG GLOBAL WARMING?

  • SCIENTIFIC DATA DO NOT LIE

    E.C. Godilano, Ph.D.

    Global Annual Average Temperature and CO2 Concentration Continue to Climb, 1880-2007

  • PHILIPPINE GHG EMISSIONSACCORDING TO PHIL SECOND NATIONAL COMMUNICATION

  • INTER GOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE

    CHANGE (IPCC)

  • AYON SA IPCC FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT

    Anthropogenic warming ay magdudulot ng hindipermanentengpagbabago sa klima

  • ANG PAGIINIT NG MUNDO AY MAY IBA-IBANG EPEKTO SA MUNDO

  • PAGANGAT NG DAGATSA MUNDO

  • PAGANGAT NGTEMPERATURA SA DAGATAT HANGIN

  • PAGTUNAW NGNIYEBE AT YELO

  • Crisis

    Pagtunaw ng gleysyer

  • BAGONG DATOS SA PAGBABAGO NG KLIMA

  • 400 ppm0.8 Degrees

  • MASMABILIS ANG PAGBAGOKUMPARA SA PAGAARAL

  • NEW REPORT OF IPCC (AR5) EMISSIONS

    Climate Change is caused by humansCurrent pledges of action for 2020 are well be low the target of 1.5 or even 2 degreesThe current trajectory is between 3-5 degrees

  • NEW REPORT OF IPCC (AR5) FOOD SECURITY

    More Poverty, Less FoodThreatening food and farmingThreatening fisheries and food securityDriving poverty

    Climate change will create new poorSlow down poverty reduction

    Slow down economic growth

    More warming (more than 1 degrees C), more impact

    2 degrees target is actually dangerous

    Adaptation cost more that 100 Billion

    Adaptation is essential

  • THE PHILIPPINES AT RISK

  • BAGYOONDOY, PEPENG, PABLO, SENDONG, BASYANG, PEDRING, ROSING, FRANK.

  • Tracks of tropical cyclones that formed in the Western NorthPacific (WNP) during the period 1948-2010 (1641 TC and 1154 or70% entered or formed in the Philippine Area of Responsibly(PAR) (Data used: JMA Data set)

    Visited by an average19 to 20 TROPICAL CYCLONE

    EVERY YEAR

    s.

    Tracks of Tropical Cyclones in the Western North PacificPeriod: (1948-2010)

  • DELIKADONG PILIPINAS

    1st most vulnerable country in the world to climate change 2006 Climate Risk Index

    Philippines 4th most vulnerable to climate change over past 20 years, 5th in 2011 (Global Climate Risk Index)

    9th most vulnerable to climate change Maplecroft (2014)

  • LOW-LYING COASTAL ZONES

    Kasama angPilipinas sa top ten countries namay mataas nalebel ngpopulation nanakatira sa low elevation coastal zone ( 15 million na Pilipino)

    PresenterPresentation NotesManila, Cebu Bacolod are among the LECZs in the Philippines greater thaan 1,000 persons per sq km.

  • 1 DEGREEINCREASEIN TEMPERATURE

  • BAGONG DATOS50% drop of fish catch by 2050 (WB report)

    Acidification of 150% by 2100 highly affects SEA (WB report)

    5% of GDP loss every year due to storms (CCC 2013)

  • BATAS PARA SA PAGBABAGO SA KLIMA1. Climate Change Law 2009

    2. National Framework Strategy on Climate Change 2010

    3. National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) 2011

    a. Water Security

    b. Food Security

    c. Ecosystems

    d. Human Security

    e. 3 more on energy efficiency

  • NEW DATA ON COAL

    (25) new coal plants comprising of forty-five (45) coal boilers have been approved thus far and are expected to come online by 2020.

  • CLIMATE FINANCE SA PILIPINAS

    Panay pautang, walanggrantsMasmaraming pang mitigation at konti langpang adaptation

  • DOMESTIC FUNDS1 Billion: Peoples Survival Funds1 Billion Disaster Risk Reduction Management Act13 Billion Warning Device. Mapping at land use plan0.3% ng GDP para sa pagbabago saklima

  • ANG MGA MAY SALA SA KRISIS NG KLIMAANG MGA MAY SALA SA KRISIS NG KLIMA

  • Population Historical Emissions

    Actual historical emissions

    Ang mga Annex 1 countries

  • Greenhouse Gangsters!

    TOP 122 Transnational Corporations

    Ay binuga ang 10% ng world carbon

    emissions.GHG emissions EXCEEDS that of Central America, South America

    and Africa COMBINED!

  • ANO ANG MGA DAPAT GAWIN

    25-40% by 2020 (4th IPCC Report) 85% by 2050 (4th IPCC Report) 18% (2012-2020) 2nd commitment period of Kyoto Protocol

  • ANO NANGYARI????

    BUSINESS AS USUALMARKET BASED SOLUTIONSCARBON MARKETGAWING GREEN ANG ECONOMY MAGPAUTANG

  • NEW COMMITMENTS

    2014

    US 26-28% by 2025 compared 2005 levels

    China peak emissions by 2030

    EU 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels

    2013

    Japan 3.8% by 2020 compared to 2005 levelsCopenhagen Commitment 25% bt 2020 compared to 1990 levels

    During an interview, Minqi Li associate professor of economics at the university of Utah said that the US and China agreement would be roughly consistent with long-term global warming of 3 degrees Celsius or higher.

  • Kaya dapat Climate Justice o HustisyangPangklima

  • TOWARDS SCIENCE-BASED JUST, EQUITABLE SOLUTIONS = CLIMATE JUSTICE

  • SOLUSYON AYON SA CLIMATE JUSTICE

    Mabilis na pagbabawas ng usok (1.5C)Pagbayad sa mga pinsala (Danos per juicos) Climate Debt

    Loss and DamageTeknolohiyaFinancePagbabago ng systema

  • YEAR AFTER YOLANDA

    STORMY YEAR OF INJUSTICE

  • BAGYONG YOLANDA6190 death as of January 10

    1785 still missing

    12.2 million people (2.6 million families) affected

    PhP571.1 billion worth of damage (12.9 billion USD)

    PhP360.8 billion needed recovery and recon*Data from RAY Report and NDRRMCO update No 90

    4 million Internally Displaced People (IDP)

  • December 16, 2013: Rehabilitation

    Assistance on Yolanda (RAY) was made. 3 Phases: Immediate actions (first 6 months)

    , short term (2014) and medium term (2015-2017)Assessment and recovery plan of PH

    governmentBuilding Back BetterPromotes greater private sector involvement: PPPBudget: PHP 235.8 billion

    Will be replaced by RAY 2With Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA)Supposed better inclusive process for CSO and

    PO

    Office of the Presidential Assistant for

    Rehabilitation and Recovery (OPARR) was formed

    INTRO: WHAT HAPPENED AFTER YOLANDA

  • PRESIDENTIAL ASSISTANCE FOR REHABILITATION AND RECOVERY (PARR)

    BASIC FACTS:

    PARR will be coordinating projects across 10 sectors

    PARR encourages and drives private sector participation in rehab initiatives

    Private Sector is focused in four areas: education (schools and evacuation centers), health and nutrition (hospitals and command centers), housing, and livelihood

    PARRs power is limited to coordinating and overseeing rehabilitation efforts, as well as project monitoring

  • PRESIDENTIAL ASSISTANCE FOR REHABILITATION AND RECOVERY (PARR)

    BASIC FACTS:

    Private corporations have already signed up to become development sponsors

    Development sponsors are involved in updating CLUPs in their coverage areas

    Sectors of concern include education, health and nutrition, infrastructure, government buildings, transport (ports and airports), electricity, water and sanitation, housing, livelihood, and social and community

  • PRESIDENTIAL ASSISTANCE FOR REHABILITATION AND RECOVERY (PARR)

    Basic Facts:Structure:

    Secretary: Panfilo LacsonUndersecretary: Danilo Antonio25 staff members20,000 hours operation (2 years)

  • Development Sponsors

    Keep an eye on the overall strategic plan of rehabilitating each of the 24 Areas of Intervention and Development (AIDS)

    MODES FOR PRIVATE SECTOR TO HELP

  • Development SponsorsProv. District Sponsor Province District Sponsor

    Leyte Tacloban 1 ICTSI E. Samar Lawa-an Christian Aid

    Leyte Tacloban 2 PLDT SMART E. Samar Rest of Lone District

    Leyte Palo Metrobank Samar 2nd District ABS-CBN

    Leyte Rest of 1st District INJAP Cebu 3rd and 5th Dist. VICSAL

    Leyte 2nd District EDC Cebu 4th District Aboitiz Foundation/RAFI

    Leyte 3rd District Negros Occ.

    1st, 2nd & 3rd Dist. Ayala Foundation

    Leyte Ormoc/Kananga EDC Aklan Lone District Globe

    Leyte Rest of 4th District YGC Capiz 1st District PLDT SMART

    Leyte 5th District Capiz 2nd District PLDT SMART

    Biliran Lone District Iloilo 2nd and 3rd Dist. TSKI

    E. Samar

    Guiuan Nickel Asia Iloilo 4th District JG Summit

    E. Samar

    Giporlos Consuelo Foundation

    Iloilo 5th District Ayala Land

    E. Samar

    Balangiga Peregrine Palawan 1st District

    E. Samar

    Salcedo Christian Aid

  • AID Province District Municipalities6 Leyte 3rd District Calubian, Tabango, Villaba, Leyte, San Isidro

    9 Leyte 5th District Abuyog, Bato, Baybay City, Mahaplag, Matalom

    10 Biliran Lone District Almeria, Biliran, Cabucgayan, Caibiran, Culaba, Naval

    12 Eastern Samar Rest of Lone District Balangkayan, Gen. McArthur, Hernani, Jipapad, Llorente,Maydolong, Quinapondan

    13 Samar 2nd District Daram, Talalora, Villareal

    18 Antique Lone District Barbaza, Bugasong, Caluya, Culasi, Laua-an, Libertad,Pandan, Patnogon, San Remegio, Sebaste, Tibiao,Valderama