Qur'an-Alone and the Authority of Hadith

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<p> 9831 39 4110102 Ma'rifat-i Kalami Vol.1. No.3 Fall</p> <p> *</p> <p> / </p> <p> :</p> <p> . </p> <p>. </p> <p> . . . </p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> : </p> <p>* .aghaeisali@gmail.com</p> <p>: 51/ 9/98 : 7/11/98</p> <p> .</p> <p> ) ( . </p> <p> . . </p> <p> / .</p> <p> . </p> <p> . .</p> <p> . )</p> <p>1241/0002( ) 8002( . .2 3 4 </p> <p> . </p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . </p> <p> : </p> <p> . . . . </p> <p> . 5 ) 392.( </p> <p> 6. .</p> <p> - .7 </p> <p>. 411</p> <p> ) 423.( </p> <p> . ) 773.( - .8 ) 924.( </p> <p> .9 </p> <p> .</p> <p> .01 - - . : </p> <p> : 11. . </p> <p> : . .21 </p> <p> 41 </p> <p> .31 .</p> <p>: . </p> <p> . </p> <p>.51 </p> <p> . </p> <p> . . . ) ( 61</p> <p> . .</p> <p> . . </p> <p> . : . . </p> <p> ) ( . : </p> <p> 71</p> <p> .</p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> ) ( </p> <p> ) ( . . .81 91</p> <p> - - </p> <p> .</p> <p> . ) ( .02</p> <p> .</p> <p> . )0391.(12 ) ( . 7191. </p> <p> )6391.(22 6091. . . . </p> <p> . . 1291. . 5291. .</p> <p> . </p> <p> 52</p> <p> .32 )7191.( . 8191. . </p> <p>42 2591. .</p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> 62</p> <p> .</p> <p>. . 82</p> <p> 72 </p> <p> ) ][( </p> <p> .</p> <p> . : . . </p> <p> . </p> <p> 92</p> <p> .</p> <p> - </p> <p>- ) 0491.( . . ) 8391.( . 03</p> <p> .</p> <p> 6091. </p> <p>)0291.(13 23 </p> <p> .33 </p> <p> ) ( .43 ) ( .53 ) 5391.( 63 </p> <p> . . </p> <p> .73 83</p> <p> . . .</p> <p> - - </p> <p>. </p> <p> . </p> <p> .93 </p> <p> - -04</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . </p> <p> )( )4291 -14</p> <p>. 6291.( .</p> <p> )5591.(24 </p> <p> . 4091. . </p> <p> )6891.(34 . . 44</p> <p> . </p> <p> 8391. .</p> <p> . </p> <p> . </p> <p> . . . </p> <p> . </p> <p> .54 </p> <p> ) ( . . </p> <p> . 64</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . .74 </p> <p>0991.( . ) ( . 94</p> <p> .84 ) . </p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> 05 15 25 . </p> <p> . : 0. 2. 3. 4. .35 . </p> <p>. </p> <p> . .45 55</p> <p> . .</p> <p> : </p> <p> 65. : </p> <p> 75 98 ) ( 85</p> <p> . </p> <p> .</p> <p> . . . </p> <p> 95. 16</p> <p> .06 .</p> <p> .26 .</p> <p> 36</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . - - . 46</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . : .56 . .</p> <p> .66 </p> <p> . </p> <p> . .76 . </p> <p> 86 .</p> <p> : </p> <p> . </p> <p> .96 . . </p> <p> . 17</p> <p> .07</p> <p> . . .</p> <p>. . </p> <p> .27 .37 </p> <p> 47</p> <p> . .</p> <p> 1. </p> <p> :</p> <p> . : </p> <p>) ( 2. .</p> <p> . .</p> <p> 3. .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . ) ( </p> <p> 4. : </p> <p> .</p> <p> . . . </p> <p> .</p> <p> 051 9831 - 21 127 -227.9 -21.</p> <p> . 3931. 5002. 1241. 1041. 3731.- 9 6091.</p> <p> )( 5041. 6002.- 60919.</p> <p> 21 9091. 529 -039 029112 384 -594.- 5041.</p> <p>- 9 6091 425 -525.</p> <p>580- 579 5. . 0491. 2241- </p> <p>925- 906 9 6091. ____ - 688 ____ 11 8091. 495 -895 711- 699 : 9 6091. . 8141. 1791. 5391780- 771896 140 01 7091. - ____ </p> <p>524- 515- 9 6091. </p> <p>.770- 768 - 21 144- 141 11 8091. 21 9091. 218- 201412 -022 173 -573 454 -364 425 -725 21 9091. 521 -331 528- 521982 -792 173 -683 144 -054 </p> <p>Adams Charles J. The Authority of the Prophetic adth in the Eyes of Some Modern Muslims Ahmad Aziz Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan: 1857-1964 Oxford 1967; Ahmad Kassim Hadith: A Re-Evaluation Tuscon AZ 1997; Brown Daniel Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought Cambridge 1996; Calder Norman Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence New York 1993 84; 530; Juynboll G.H.A. The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature: Discussions in Modern Egypt Leiden Khalifa Rashad Quran Hadith and Islam Tucson AZ 1982; Lowry Joseph The Legal Hermeneutics of Al-Shfi and Ibn Qutayba: A Reconsideration Islamic Metcalf Barbara Daly Islamic Revival in British India Princeton 1982; Merad A. EI2 s.v. Il; Law and Society 11:1 2004 2 41; 1974; Cook Michael The Opponents of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam Arabica LXIV 1997 437 Essays on Islamic civilization ed. D. P. Little Leiden 1976 25-47;</p> <p> Musa Aisha Y. adth as Scripture Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam Schacht Joseph The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence Oxford 1967; Origins and Development ed. Harald Motzki Leiden 2004 67-108; New York 2008;</p> <p>Schoeler Gregor Oral Torah and adth: Transmission Prohibition of Writing Redaction adth: Titus Murray Islam in India and Pakistan Calcutta 1959;</p> <p>Yuksel Edip et al Quran: A Reformist Translation Tucson 2007; http://ahmed.g3z.com/cv/drahmedcve.htm; Bazms Worldwide http://www.tolueislam.com/bazms_worldwide.htm; kassimahmad.blogspot.com; www.Yuksel.org.</p> <p>:</p> <p>- 1. . .: 2 Aisha Y. Musa adth as Scripture Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam.</p> <p>______________________________________________ </p> <p>.770 21 </p> <p> : </p> <p>3 G.H.A. Juynboll The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature: Discussions in Modern Egypt (Leiden 1974). 4 Daniel Brown Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought (Cambridge 1996).</p> <p>.12- 9 051 </p> <p>5. 581 -781 .97- 956. .538. 01. : . . . .199. .697. .151- 149</p> <p>Joseph Schacht The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence Oxford 1967p. 330; Norman Calder</p> <p>Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence New York 1993 p.84; Joseph Lowry The Legal Hermeneutics</p> <p>.14 2 )4002( 1:11 of Al-Shfi and Ibn Qutayba: A Reconsideration Islamic Law and Society</p> <p>11. 98. 21. 9 5 .</p> <p>41. - - ) ( . Aisha Y. Musa adth as Scripture Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam .02p</p> <p>31. )( 2 .</p> <p>.:</p> <p>;9-72.16. Daniel Brown Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought Cambridge p</p> <p>51. 99 .: . 99-109 85-6 adth as ScriptureMusa .:</p> <p>Aziz Ahmad Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan: 1857-1964 Oxford p.113-22; Barbara Daly .69-462.Metcalf Islamic Revival in British India Princeton p .04-83.17. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>81. ) 5391.( . 2s.v. Il (by A. EI</p> <p> . </p> <p>. .:</p> <p>30-2 Rethinking TraditionBrown</p> <p>.</p> <p>.2-14.20. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>).Merad</p> <p>91.</p> <p>12. .: 52 -23. 22. .: 33 -93. .</p> <p>32. 42. 7391. 2591. .9-83.25. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>)7491 9491.( .</p> <p>72. </p> <p>62. 012 - 112.</p> <p>. . . </p> <p> . ..791.28. Murray Titus Islam in India and Pakistan Calcutta 1959 p</p> <p>.: . p.275 Islamic Revival in British IndiaMetcalf</p> <p>92. .: 763 -073 . p.45-6 Rethinking TraditionBrown 03. .: 173 -273 . p.46 Rethinking TraditionBrown 23. 9 515 -425.</p> <p>13. .: 12 384 -594. 33. . )9 016 -416( : )9 609 -039(. )9 996 -117( . )01 )7091( 041( 173 -573 454 -364 125 -725( )11 495 -895 886 -696 177 -087(. )909121 521 -331 102 -812 982 -792 173 -683 144 -054 125 -825(. </p> <p> )11 8091 141 -441 412 -022</p> <p> )21 396 -</p> <p>G.H.A. Juynboll The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature: Discussions in Modern Egypt Leiden .1974 p23ff</p> <p>996(. .:</p> <p>43. 9 615 -715. 53. 9 515. 63. 9 525. 83. 9 515 -715. .</p> <p>.1-04.37. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>93. 9 715 -025. </p> <p>04. 9 325 -425. .6441. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p> .</p> <p>34. .: 74 -55 5 975 - 44. .9-84.45. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>24. .: 14 -54. 085.</p> <p>. .: . http://www.tolueislam.com/bazms_worldwide.htmBazms Worldwide</p> <p>64. 872 -082. 74. 561 -681.</p> <p>84. .: - .85-4 )2891 49 Rashad Khalifa Quran Hadith and Islam (Tucson AZ</p> <p> 21 767 -077.</p> <p>15. .: .http://ahmed.g3z.com/cv/drahmedcve.htm.94-32 )7991 53. Ahmad Kassim Hadith: A Re-Evaluation (Tuscon AZ</p> <p>05. .: .kassimahmad.blogspot.com 25. .: .www.Yuksel.org</p> <p>.09-784.55. Yuksel Edip et al Quran: A Reformist Translation Tucson 2007 p</p> <p>45. 32 -82 86 -97 98 -001. 65. 03. 85. 9 6.</p> <p>75. .: - 21 127 -227. 95. : . 152 note 7 Rethinking TraditionBrown</p> <p>06. 562 -662 572 -772 . p.44-5 Rethinking TraditionBrown 0042 . .: </p> <p> . </p> <p>16. </p> <p> : 5 085.</p> <p> . 26. 36. 762 -372 9 . .</p> <p>609 -019 11 495 -895 886 -.9-84.64. Brown Rethinking Tradition p</p> <p>496.</p> <p>56. 1 78: 66. 9 5 . 86. 9 5 -6.</p> <p>76. p.52 Rethinking TraditionBrown 312 -412. 96. p.53 Rethinking TraditionBrown 312 -412 052. 17. p.54-5 Rethinking TraditionBrown 9 615. 27. 55 Rethinking TraditionBrown 322 -422. 37. .: 07. p.53 Rethinking TraditionBrown 342 -442.</p> <p>:Gregor Schoeler Oral Torah and adth: Transmission Prohibition of Writing Redaction in: adth .035734.of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam Arabica LXIV (1997) p</p> <p>Origins and Development ed. Harald Motzki Leiden 2004 p.67-108; Michael Cook The Opponents</p> <p>47. p.55 Rethinking TraditionBrown 412. :</p> <p>:Charles J. Adams The Authority of the Prophetic adth in the Eyes of Some Modern Muslims in .74-52Essays on Islamic civilization ed. D. P. Little Leiden 1976 p</p>