Reliability Smart Grid

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SMART GRID

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<ul><li><p> ( ) </p><p> 22932298 </p><p> 1931 </p></li><li><p> 5 -1 5 -1- 1 7 -2- 1</p><p> 8 - 2 9 -3 11 -4 11 -1- 4 21 -2- 4 41 - 3- 4</p><p> 71 (MSD) -4- 4</p><p> 91 -5</p><p> 02 </p><p> 12 1 </p><p> 32 2 </p></li><li><p> 41 - 1 </p><p> 51 - 2 </p><p> 71 - 3 </p><p> 81 MSD - 4 </p><p> 81 MSD - 5 </p></li><li><p> 6 - 1 </p><p> 21 - 2 </p><p> 31 - 3 </p><p> 51 - 4 </p><p> 61 5 </p></li><li><p> -1</p><p> -1- 1</p><p> .</p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> : </p><p> ( 1) - 1</p><p> - % 001 - 2</p><p> : </p><p> ( ) - 1</p><p> - 2</p><p> . </p><p> : </p><p> - 1</p><p> : </p><p> : </p><p> - 2</p><p> : </p></li><li><p> : </p><p> . 1 </p><p> - 1 </p><p> 20.0-500.0 5.0-1.0 5.0-1.0 7.0-4.0 7.0-4.0 3.1-3.0</p><p> () 531 081 081 06 56 09</p><p> 0 4-2 8-4 8-4 01-5 51-01</p></li><li><p> -2- 1</p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> - 2 - 1 </p><p> -4 - 3 </p><p> . . . - 5 (MSD) </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p></li><li><p> - 2 </p><p> . </p><p> ]2[ </p><p> . MSD </p><p> - ]3[ </p><p> . </p><p> . ]4[ </p><p> . ]7-5[ </p><p> ]8[ </p><p> .</p><p> ]9[ </p><p> . ( resilanoitces) </p></li><li><p> -3 : </p><p> ( ) (: ) . 1</p><p> (: r) . 2</p><p> (IFIAS) . 3</p><p> xednI ycneuqerF noitpurretnI egarevA metsyS </p><p> (IFIAC) . 4</p><p> xednI ycneuqerF noitpurretnI egarevA remotsuC </p><p> (IDIAS) . 5</p><p> xednI noitaruD noitpurretnI egarevA metsyS</p><p> =IFIAC</p><p> =IFIAS</p><p> =r </p><p> =</p></li><li><p> (IDIAC) . 6</p><p> xednI noitaruD noitpurretnI egarevA remotsuC </p><p> (IASA) . 7</p><p> xednI ytilibaliavA ecivreS egarevA</p><p> . 1 </p><p> . 2 </p><p> = IASA</p><p> =IDIAC</p><p> =IDIAS</p></li><li><p> -4</p><p> -1- 4</p><p> . </p><p> . </p></li><li><p> -2- 4</p><p> . . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> .</p><p> ( ) </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> ( ) </p><p> 1 6 </p><p> + : </p><p> - 2 </p><p> () </p><p> 0/5 0/1 0/2 0/5</p><p> 0004 0061 0052 0023</p><p> 1 0001 5 004 3 053 5 008</p><p> 1 2 3</p></li><li><p> . </p><p> 3 </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> - 3 </p><p> IFIAS 15.0 15.0</p><p> IDIAS 57.0 02.0</p><p> IFIAC 681.1 681.1</p><p> IDIAC 447.1 074.0</p><p> IASA 4419999.0 0779999.0</p></li><li><p> - 3- 4</p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> . 31 01 1 </p><p> 01 5 2 </p><p> 2 ) 5 </p><p> . </p><p> - 1 </p><p> 1</p><p> 3 2 4</p><p> 6 5</p><p> 7 8</p><p> 9</p><p> 01</p><p> 11</p></li><li><p> - 2 </p><p> 1 6 : </p><p> - 4 </p><p> () </p><p> 2 0/5</p><p> 0004 0061 </p><p> 1 0001 5 004</p><p> 1 2 3</p><p> . </p><p> 5 </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> 1</p><p> 3 2 4</p><p> 6 5</p><p> 7 8</p><p> 9</p><p> 01</p><p> 11</p><p> 21</p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p> IFIAS 15.0 82.0</p><p> IDIAS 57.0 44.0</p><p> IFIAC 681.1 000.1</p><p> IDIAC 447.1 175.1</p><p> IASA 4419999.0 0059999.0</p></li><li><p> (MSD ) -4- 4</p><p> . MSD </p><p> ) () </p><p> ) ( ) </p><p>- . . (</p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> - 3 </p><p> 12 </p><p> . . </p><p> MSD </p><p> . </p><p> Wk 058 Wk 009 4 </p><p> . </p><p> . 5 2 </p></li><li><p> . MSD </p><p> %02 </p><p> Wk 05 </p><p> . . </p><p> MSD - 4 </p><p> MSD - 5 </p><p> Wk 058</p><p> Wk 052 Wk 021 Wk 001 Wk 051 Wk 051 02</p><p> 03</p><p> 02</p><p> 01</p><p> 03</p><p> 5</p><p> 6 5 4 3 2 1</p><p> Wk 058</p><p> Wk 052 Wk 001 Wk 001 Wk 051 Wk 001 Wk 051</p><p> 02</p><p> 03</p><p> 02</p><p> 01</p><p> 5</p></li><li><p> -5 </p><p> : </p><p> - 1</p><p> - 2</p><p> MSD - 3</p></li><li><p> [1] " " 1383. </p><p> [2] I. S. Ilie, I. H.-Gil, and A. J. Collin, Reliability Performance Assessment in Smart Grids with Demand-side Management, 2nd IEEE PES International Conference and Exhibition on, pp. 1 - 7, 2011. [3] R. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and X. Chen, An Overall Reliability and Security Assessment Architecture for Electric Power Communication Network in Smart Grid, International Conference on Power System Technology IEEE, pp. 1 - 6, 2010. [4] S. Eftekharnejad, G. T. Heydt, and V. Vittal,, Implications of Smart Grid Technology on Transmission System Reliability, Power Systems Conference and Exposition (PSCE), 2011 IEEE/PES, pp. 1 - 8, 2011. [5] E. Litvinov, What is Reliable Smart Grid?, Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2011 IEEE, pp. 1 - 2, 2011. [6] K. Moslehi, R. Kumar, Smart Grid - A Reliability Perspective, Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2010, pp. 1 - 8, 2010. [7] K. Moslehi, R. Kumar, A Reliability Perspective of the Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on smart grid, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 57 64, 2010. [8] X. Yao, Hui Ni, and G. A. Vera, The Impact of Terrestrial Radiation Effects on the Reliability of a Smart Grid, Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES, pp. 1 - 6, 2011. [9] V. Calderaro, V. Galdi, A. Piccolo, and P. Siano, Improving Reliability System by Optimal Sectionaliser Placement in Smart Distribution Grid, Industrial Electronics (ISIE), 2010 IEEE International Symposium on, pp. 2530 - 2536, 2010. </p></li><li><p> 1 ( ) </p><p> 6 </p><p> (AVk) </p><p> 0004 0002 0053 0005 0023 0033</p><p> 0001 006 007</p><p> 0001 008 009</p><p> 1 2 3 4 5 6</p><p> 0005 00012 </p><p> () </p><p> 2 0/5</p><p> 1 1/5</p><p> 0004 0061 0052 0023</p><p> 1 0001 5 004 3 053 5 008</p><p> 1 2 3</p><p> : </p><p>15.0 008 053 004 00010005</p><p> = =+ + + IFIAS</p><p>57.0 5.1 008 1 053 5.0 004 2 00010005</p><p> = = + + + IDIAS</p><p>681.1 008 053 004 0001008 053 0001</p><p>= =+ + + IFIAC+ +</p><p>447.1 0573 5.1 008 1 053 5.0 004 2 00010512 008 053 0001</p><p>= = = + + + IDIAC+ +</p><p>4419999.0 0573 0678 00050678 0005</p><p>= =- IASA</p></li><li><p> ( )IUSA </p><p> xednI ytilibaliavanU ecivreS egarevA</p><p> = - =IASA IUSA6580000.0 1 ) </p><p> ( </p></li><li><p> 2 </p><p> ( ) ( )</p><p> ( ) ( )</p><p> 041 01 0057 : </p><p> . 0637 . </p><p> ry 9100.0 0411</p><p>0057 01= =- l</p><p>Try 035 1l</p><p> = = : T</p><p>ry 761 04110637</p><p> = =- m</p><p> : r</p><p>rry 600.0 1m</p><p> = =</p><p> : A</p><p>11</p><p>1 1AT</p><p>rr r Tl</p><p>ll</p><p>= = =++ +</p><p> : U</p></li><li><p>11</p><p>A Ur rr r T</p><p>ll</p><p>= = - =+ +</p><p>989999.0 035600.0 035</p><p>= = A+</p><p> @ = - =A Ury/nim 6 110000.0 1</p><p> : </p><p> : </p><p> + =l l ls2 1</p><p> =A A As2 1</p><p> - + =U U U U Us2 1 2 1</p><p>1</p><p>1</p><p>s s sn</p><p>i si</p><p>n</p><p>i ii</p><p>ss</p><p>r U</p><p>rr</p><p>l</p><p>l l</p><p>l</p><p>l</p><p>=</p><p>=</p><p>=</p><p>=</p><p>=</p><p> : </p><p> : </p><p>lr,2 2 lr,1 1 </p><p>lr,1 1 </p><p>lr,2 2 </p></li><li><p> =U U Up2 1</p><p>2 1 2 1 2 1) () (2 1 2 1</p><p>s1 1 1 1s</p><p>A A A A A A AA A A A A</p><p>- - + = - - = -</p><p>+ + = </p><p>1</p><p>11</p><p>1 1</p><p>1</p><p>n</p><p>j pj</p><p>n n</p><p>i i pj ij</p><p>r r</p><p>rr</p><p>l l</p><p>=</p><p>==</p><p>=</p><p>=</p><p> 5 4 3 2 1 </p><p> 2 1</p><p> 4 3</p><p> 5</p><p>1 1</p><p>2 2</p><p>3 3</p><p>4 4</p><p>5 5</p><p>,,,,,</p><p>rrrrr</p><p>lll</p><p>ll</p></li><li><p>{ }{ }{ }</p><p>5</p><p>3,4</p><p>1, 2</p><p> ( ) ( )</p><p>3 41 2</p><p>1 2 3 4</p><p>1 21 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 3 4</p><p>1 2</p><p>, </p><p>,</p><p>r rr rr rr r r r</p><p>r rr r r r r rr r</p><p>l l l l l l l l</p><p> = = + + + = = + = + </p><p>5</p><p>5 5</p><p>5</p><p> r r rr</p><p>l l l ll l l</p><p>l l l</p><p> = + + + + = + +</p><p>11</p><p>Arl</p><p> =+</p><p> 1</p><p> 2 3</p><p> 4 5</p><p>, ,r rl l </p></li></ul>