Reverse Logistics 1

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<p> Reverse () Logistics: </p> <p>2008</p> <p>2</p> <p> .1</p> <p> 1: .2</p> <p> 2: </p> <p>.11</p> <p> 3: </p> <p>.23</p> <p> 4: Reverse Logistics </p> <p>.41</p> <p> 5: </p> <p>. 54</p> <p> 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 t Reverse Logistics - Reverse Logistics .4 .10 .11 .16 .19 .20</p> <p> Reverse Logistics .21 Reverse Logistics .48 .60</p> <p> 4.1 5.1</p> <p> 1: REVERSE LOGISTICS 1.1 ............................................. 1.2 Reverse Logistics.............................................................. 1.3 Reverse Logistics .......................................................... 1.4 Reverse Logistics.....................................................................</p> <p>.2 .3 .6 .8</p> <p> 2: H 2.1 "GATEKEEPING".................................................. .11 2.2 ................................................................... .11 2.3 Reverse Logistics ..................................................... .12 2.4 .................................................................. .13 2.5 (Zero returns) ................................................................ .16 2.6 (Remanufacture and reafurbishment)......................................... ............................................................. .17 2.7 .................. .17 2.8 ................. .18 2.9 .................................................................... .18 2.10 Reverse Logistics ......................................................................... .18 3: 3.1 Reverse Logistics (Reverse Logistics Flow).. 3.2 ..................................................................... 3.3 ........................................................................................... 3.4 (Material Flow)............................................................................... .30 3.5 (Secondary Markets).................................................. 3.6 ...................................................................... 3.7 ........................................... 4: Reverse Logistics 4.1 ......................................................... 4.2 ..................................................................................... 4.3 .............................................................. 4.4 ........................................................................................ .21 .22 .25 .31 .33 .38 .41 .43 .49 .53</p> <p> 5 5.1 Reverse Logistics .................................................... .55 5.2 Reverse Logistics .................................................................... .61 5.3 .................................................................................................. .65</p> <p>5</p> <p>..........................................................................................................</p> <p>.66</p> <p>6</p> <p> . , (Reverse Logistics). Reverse Logistics , , . , , , . . Reverse Logistics o . , . . Reverse Logistics .</p> <p>1</p> <p> 1: REVERSE LOGISTICS1.1 Reverse Logistics T Reverse Logistics (The Council f Logistics Management) : T , , .</p> <p>, Reverse Logistics . Reverse Logistics. Reverse Logistics . , , . " ," reverse logistics. reverse logistics , , , , . , , .11</p> <p>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_logistics</p> <p>2</p> <p>1.2 Reverse Logistics Reverse Logistics , , ( ) , . , . 1.1. , . , . " " ("as is") , . , reconditioning/remanufacturing/refurbishing ( / / ).2</p> <p>2</p> <p> Logistics , James C. Johnson, Donald F. Wood, Daniel C. Wardlow, Paul R. Murphy Jr, , . 61-64, 78-82 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_logistics , . , , 1999, .8</p> <p>3</p> <p> 1.1 Reverse Logistics Reverse Logistics - - - (Outlet) - - - - - - - ( )</p> <p> ()</p> <p>- - - - - </p> <p> , , . , , , . , , , .33</p> <p>Logistics Management , . , , 79</p> <p>.77-</p> <p>Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M. Inderfurth, K. Wassenhove, 2004 . 30-31</p> <p>4</p> <p>, . , . , . . , . , . (Reverse Flow) O 1.1 Reverse Logistics. , , . , "" . , Reverse Logistics. Reverse Logistics , Reverse Logistics . : 1) E 4</p> <p>4</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 27-28 Logistics Management , . , .77-79</p> <p>5</p> <p>2) A . Reverse Logistics, . , . 1.3 Reverse Logistics Reverse Logistics , . . . , , . '70 '80, Reverse Logistics . , Reverse Logistics .5</p> <p>5</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 29-32 Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M.; Inderfurth, K.; Wassenhove, 2004 . 54-55</p> <p>6</p> <p> Reverse Logistics o (Forward Channel), , . Reverse Logistics . . . , . xr Reverse Logistics . . , . .6 . , , 6</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 33-36</p> <p>7</p> <p> . , . . . , , , . " ", . Reverse Logistics, . Reverse Logistics . Reverse Logistics . . 7 , . Reverse Logistics, , 7</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 37-39</p> <p>8</p> <p> . 1.4 Reverse Logistics - . . , : , , , ( ). . 8</p> <p> , . , . .8</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 42-44 Logistics . . , . 97-98</p> <p>9</p> <p> , . . , . , . , , . .9</p> <p>9</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 45-47</p> <p>10</p> <p> . Richard Dawe Fritz Logistics . 1.2: 1.2 .</p> <p> , . , . . , Dawe . . , . Reverse Logistics . 10</p> <p>10</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 48-50</p> <p>11</p> <p> 2: H 2.1 - Reverse Logistics</p> <p>- Gatekeeping () - - Reverse Logistics - - - - - - (Outsourcing)</p> <p>2.1 "GATEKEEPING" Reverese Logistics "Gatekeeping" () , . Gatekeeping Reverse Logistics. . .11</p> <p>11</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 51-53 http://www.answers.com/gatekeeping?cat=health</p> <p>12</p> <p>2.2 O . Reverse Logistics . , , . "" , . , , , , . . . . , .12</p> <p>12</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 56 Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M.; Inderfurth, K.; Wassenhove, 2004 . 70-72</p> <p>13</p> <p>2.3 Reverse Logistics Reverse Logistics . . Reverse Logistics Reverse logistics . , Reverse Logistics. , Reverse Logistics . 2.4 (Centralized Return Centers) (CRCs) . CRCs , , . , Reverse Logistics () , , .13</p> <p>13</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 57-64</p> <p>14</p> <p> Reverse Logistics, . , , , (sortation experts) . , . (retail stores) (CRCs). , , (CRCs). (sortation). , . , Reverse Logistics.14</p> <p>14</p> <p>Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M.; Inderfurth, K.; Wassenhove, 2004 .24-28</p> <p>15</p> <p> . , . .</p> <p> . , . .</p> <p> . . , . , , .15</p> <p>15</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 68-69</p> <p>16</p> <p> , . , (Return Material Authorization) . , . , Reverse Logistics . E , . . (outsourced) . Reverse Logistics se 4,8 %, 3,7 %.16</p> <p>16</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 70-73</p> <p>17</p> <p> 2.2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. .</p> <p>2.5 , . ' , . , , , . .17</p> <p>17</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 74 Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M.; Inderfurth, K.; Wassenhove, 2004 . 120</p> <p>18</p> <p> , , . ' , . , , . 2.6 Tierri . : 1) , 2) , 3) , 4) 5) . : , , . . , . . . 2.7 , , , , . .18</p> <p>18</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, pages 78-82</p> <p>19</p> <p>2.8 Reverse Logistics. , marketing. Reverse Logistics o , . . , , . . . . 2.9 Reverse Logistics . . . . , . 2.10 Reverse Logistics (Outsourcing Reverse Logistics) Reverse Logistics . . Reverse Logistics , . , Reverse Logistics , , . o .19</p> <p>19</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 83</p> <p>20</p> <p> 2.3 / / </p> <p>/ </p> <p>20</p> <p>20</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 84</p> <p>21</p> <p> 2.4 </p> <p> / () </p> <p> / 21</p> <p> / ( ) </p> <p>21</p> <p>Reverse Logistics - Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Dekker, R.; Fleischmann, M.; Inderfurth, K.; Wassenhove, 2004 .</p> <p>22</p> <p> 3: 3.1 Reverse Logistics (Reverse Logistics Flow) . , : 1) , 2) (secondary market). Reverse Logistics. 3.1. 3.1 Reverse Logistics 1. 2. 3. 4. . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Reverse Logistics, .2222</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 86-88</p> <p>23</p> <p>, , Reverse Logistics. , . , , . . Reverse Logistics, (liquidator) ( ). , . , . , , . , , . , . . 3.2 (retail products) Reverse Logistics : 1. / (close-out): 2. (buy-out): 3. o (job-out): , 2323</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 89</p> <p>24</p> <p>4. (Surplus): , 5. : 6. - : 7.: 8.: / (close-out) Reverse Logistics, . , , . , . . . . , , , , . o . , , . , , Reverse Logistics.24</p> <p>24</p> <p>Dr. Dale S. Rogers &amp; Dr. Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Reverse Logistics Executive Council, 1998, page 90</p> <p>25</p> <p> , . , . , . . . , , . . , . , . . , , . , , , , . . , ....</p>