Revision Revise the phrases and expressions in the warming up Part

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Revision Revise the phrases and expressions in the warming up Part </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> quit (quitted/quit, quitted/quit, quitting) (1). to give up, to stop doing sth. ; I've quit my job. He has not quit smoking, but is holding down to three cigarettes a day. (2)to rid oneself of by paying quit a debt </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> apply v. (1) apply for I want to apply for the job. (2) apply to , , ; ; --to put to or adapt for a special use What I have said does not apply to you. This rule doesn't apply to children. Apply medicine to his wound. apply to sb. for help make application to sb. for help. application n. , ; </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> add up ----to combine (a column of figures, for example) to form a sum. , Please add up all the numbers. Add up ten figures, please. add up to His whole school education added up to no more than one year. add to The music added to our enjoyment. The green belts add to the beauty of the school. add sth to sth add fuel to the fire add sth. to sth. , If you add 5 to 5 you get 10. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> I am more of a leader than a follower. more... than... , , " . " ; , ..., I was more angry than frightened. He is more diligent than clever. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> keep up ; ; ; + n. Many people keep up this old tradition. Will the weather keep up? Keep up with , She likes to keep up with the latest fashion He walked so fast that she couldnt keep up with him. keep on to continue + doing To adapt to the modern society, we should keep on learning. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> keep up the good work keep off the grass keep out the cold keep the boy out of trouble keep silence keep to the subject/ the left keep up with keep in mind keep back , , keep on doing keep sb doing keep sb from doing </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> more than Hibernation is more than sleep. He s more than a teacher. He s our best friend. The museum is more than a museum. It s a school.(=not only) The museum is more than 10 kilometres from here(=over) More than one house was burnt down in the fire. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Her performance was more than good; it was perfect.(extremely) The consequence was much more than he imagined. I love you more than my wife. He is not more diligent than John. He is no more diligent than John. He is not more than 40. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> He is no more than 40. (=only, , ) He is no less active than he used to be. He is more brave than wise. The film is more in name than in reality. The book seems to be more a dictionary than a grammar. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> 1. Keep it up; dont stop 2.The rain kept up for two days. 3.Will the fine weather keep up ? 4.I do hope were not keeping you up. 5.The farmers are keeping prices up. 6.She keeps up her spirits by singing. keep up with sb/sth .. words &amp; expressions easily confused: insist on doing sth keep up keep sb up keep sth up </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> 1)Dont _____________ when you come across difficulties. 2)He ___________________ the famous actress. lose heart , lost ones heart to syn: discourage frustrate lost his heart to lose heart get discouraged / frustrated take it easy &amp; take ones time a)________________, there is nothing serious. b)______________________, there is still 15 minutes to go. c)----Can I look about the rooms before I decide which room Id like to stay in ? -----Of course.________, madam. A. Thats all right B. Take your time C. Enjoy yourself D. Take it easy. Take it easy Take your time B </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> add up , add to add up to addto 1)The number of the students in our school ____________5,000. 2)Would you like to _______ anything _____ what Ive said, John? 3)The rise in petrol costs _______________ to our difficulties. 4)He wrote down the weight of each stone and then ____________ all the weights. 5)His story doesnt _________ --- He must be lying. 6) Our explanation seemed only to ___________ his confusion. adds up to addto has added to added up add up add to </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> circumstance n. ( pl) , ; What were the circumstances of her death? in/ under the circumstances in/under no circumstances ( ) 1) ___________________ ( ), Ill go abroad to study. 2) I had to give up my attempt in the circumstances. Under no circumstances _______ _____________________( ) Under the circumstances 3) should you lend him any money. Key words: </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Language points Listening: be cast away on an deserted island the main character blame oneself for... make difference approach to </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Language points Speaking : common sense a pair of scissors satisfy/meet ones basic needs all sorts of difficulties the basic needs for survival </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> survive ; --- Vi We survived, although others died in the accident. Vt. . Only one baby survived the terrible car crash. We survived the accident. survival n. , , , , survivor n. </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Going West We will read a passage about American pioneers who traveled to the west for wealth and better life. Lets read and see what happened to them on the way. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Revision Did you search information for Westward Movement? What kind of movement is it? What was the background of it? Westward Movement is a movement of people from the settled regions of the United States to lands farther west. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Between the early 17th and late 19th centuries, Anglo-American people and their society expanded from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific Coast. This westward movement, across what was often called the American frontier, was of enormous significance. By expanding </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> the nations borders to include more than three million square miles, the United States became one of the most powerful nations of the 20th century. However, this expansion also resulted in great suffering, destruction, and cultural loss for the Native Americans of North the nations borders to include more than three million square miles, the United States became one of the most powerful nations of the 20th century. However, this expansion also resulted in great suffering, destruction, and cultural loss for the Native Americans of North </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> America. This expansion also meant that much of North America was dominated by English institutions and ways of life, instead of Spanish or French ones. The Spanish and French were also exploring and settling North America in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> centuries. For good or ill, the Westward Movement of these Anglo-American settlers was one of the most influential forces to shape North American history. </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> For thousands of years, the American Indians lived as hunters in North America. </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> From 16 th to 17 th century, European settlers got to America,drove away the native Americans and ruled the country </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Rocky mountains The Salt Lake Valley Death Valley </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> PRE-READING Discuss the following questions with your partner. 1. Who were the Native Americans? Where did they live and what do you know about their life? 1. Who were the Native Americans? Where did they live and what do you know about their life? The Native Americans were the Indian. They lived in the vast land of West America and their life was simple and hard. They hunt for food and rode on horses. </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> 2. History counts many cases in which settlers moved into areas that belonged to other people. Can you give some examples? What happened? 2. History counts many cases in which settlers moved into areas that belonged to other people. Can you give some examples? What happened? The English moved into New Zealand, where they found the Maori already living. Similarly, the British moved into Australia, where they found the Aboriginals already living there. In more recent history the Jewish people moved into the country that belonged to the Palestine people. In each case there were conflicts about the land. </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> 3. The new settlements in America soon became known as the Wild West. Why? 3. The new settlements in America soon became known as the Wild West. Why? There were no laws and there were no police, no jails and no courts. As a result, law and order did not exist, and anything could happen. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Read the text carefully and find out their moving route. spring of 1845 set off started from Kansas Nov.4.1846 reached the edge of the desert Time Events gave him the idea Oct.1845 Apr.12.1846 Salt Lake Desert Dec.25.1846. </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> While-reading 1. When did their travel begin and what was their destination? 1. When did their travel begin and what was their destination? The travel began in the middle of October of 1845, they decided to move to California. </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> 2. What does account in the first line means? 2. What does account in the first line means? The account here means description. For example, She gave the police a full account of the incident. The account here means description. For example, She gave the police a full account of the incident. </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> 3. In paragraph two, the author mentioned Indian Greek. Where was it and was it very important? 3. In paragraph two, the author mentioned Indian Greek. Where was it and was it very important? It was in Kansas. It was the frontier at that time and also the meeting place for people moving to the west. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> 4. Do you know what difficulties they ran into during the journey? 4. Do you know what difficulties they ran into during the journey? They entered the desert and lost their way, and didnt have enough water to drink. Their animals died from lack of water. </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> 5. According to the fourth paragraph, why do people call the desert Death Valley? 5. According to the fourth paragraph, why do people call the desert Death Valley? People showed coldness and were not willing to help others in trouble. They abandoned everything they could. Valley is in chaos and full of dead animals. Therefore, we called it Death Valley. </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> 6. What is the theme of this passage? If you make unremitting efforts, you will achieve your goals. Dont give up before difficulties. </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Put the following sentences in the correct order. </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> 1.We reached the edge of the desert and our days of hardship had come to an end. 2.We reached our first destination, which was the meeting place for people moving to the west. 3.We were suffering from heat, thirst and starvation, but in anxiety of reaching a place of safety, no one stopped. 4.By the middle of October, 1845, we set off for our journey across the continent. 5.We left traveling with a group of 45 wagons. 6.We traveled through mountains and deserts in the central part of the continent. 7.After traveling through four states, we decided to spend the winter before moving on. 4, 7, 2, 5, 6, 3, 1, </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Indian Creek in Kansas Rocky Mountain Salt Lake Valley Salt Lake Desert Death Valley promised land home The central part of.. </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> True or false? </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> 1.We got to our destination in October 1846. 2.In order to get to our destination before winter comes we traveled day and night. 3.The travelers call their ninety-mile drive through the Salt Lake Desert the Long drive because they had to travel without water or grass. 4. We had no choice but to travel on foot with another five hundred miles. 5.The situation was so desperate that people abandoned almost everything and helped each other across the desert. 6.Feeling exhausted, I had to stay behind with the children and wait for help. </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> 1. How long did the author spend finishing the journey? A. More than 14 months. B. About 24 months. C. About a year. D. About a year and a month. Choose the best: </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> 2. From the text, we can infer ____. A.the author and the travelers had to go all day and all night long. B.there was no oxen left when the travelers reached California C. many travelers died when their days of hardship came to an end. D. the situation was more desperate than they had expected. </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> 3. Why did the travelers call their ninety-mile drive through the Salt Lake Desert the Long Drive? A Because the landscape was dry and barren . B. Because water was salty and not drinkable. C. Because their water supply was so low. D. All of the above. </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> 4. What does the author mean by saying No, I wont give up. I knew that giving up meant a shallow grave in the sand. ? A. He was determined to go on with the journey,for he was sure to die through Salt Lake Desert unless he struggled against the hardship. B. He was sure to continue the journey, for he would die because of the sand. C. He intended to go on with the journey, for death would wait for him unless he paused in the desert. D. He was going on with the journey,for nobody would escape from the desert if he gave in to the bad fate. </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> 5. what can we learn from the ending of the story Going West? A. People shouldnt set foot on a wild land because of hardship. B. Travelers should travel light C. Travelers should arrange for their journey before setting off for their destination. D. Perseverance can go hand in hand with survival or success in time of danger or difficulty. </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> We learned that during our lifetime, we may run into many difficulties. When we come across the problems, we shouldnt try to escape. Instead, we should learn to face reality and solve the problems. As long as we overcome the difficulties and never give up, we will achieve our goals and succeed. Moreover, we all have dreams in our heart. As long as we insist on and make unremitting efforts, we will make our dreams come true one day. 6. What can we learn from this text? </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> 7. The best title of the text is ___. A. A Journey To California B. The Hardship Of The Journey C. The Salt Lake Desert D. Enjoy Your Life </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> Language points 1. account / She gave the police a full account of the accident. She is going to open an account in the bank nearby. </li> <li> Slide 53 </li> <li> by all accounts By all accounts, he is a very good doctor. take account of sth/ take sth into account They have promised to take account of our wishes when making any changes. How can we account for all these changes?...</li></ul>