safety access בטיחות באירועים המוניים

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    Crowd Management & Crowd Dynamics

  • -

    Crowd Management & Crowd Dynamics

  • -Buckinghamshire New University

    -Buckinghamshire New University

    Personal and Professional Development Planning

    Introductions to Event and Stewarding

    The Legal Framework of Crowd Safety

    Understanding Crowd Dynamics

    Crowd Safety by Design

    Practice and Theory of Crowd Safety Management

    PIT Training

    Crowd Safety Research Project

    Crowd Management Planing1

    Crowd management Planing2

    Introduction to Crowd Science

    The Cabinet Office: Emergency Planning College

  • Crowd Management

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    ( . Fruin.J.1999 (.

  • Crowd Dynamics

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    (Flow rates) Prof.Dr.G. Keith Stil

  • Arrival /

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    Campsite -

  • Ingress /

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    Campsite -

    file:///mnt/temp/unoconv/20130303093715/
  • ?

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  • 15

  • 10,000 -

    ?

    ?

    5 300 20 ppm 10,000:300 = 33

  • Circulation : Circulation :

    crowd management

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    .

    . .

  • ":

    ("1,428)

    SxP 0.8x47=37.6 per 10M

    1428M

    2

    2

    10x 37.6 5,369=

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  • 1

    //

    " (549 ) FOSB -

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    , ( Indoor )

    3kn.

    ( Outdoor) 5kn .

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  • :Egress :Egress

    . , 2 - 4

    ' 30 ,

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    .

  • :

    Prof Keith Still :

    82 ppm per meter

    Show&Event

    40 ppm unit width of 550 mm

    )= 72ppm per meter(

  • 550

    X X "

    5000 X 40X8 mins = 2,909 "

    :

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  • Crowd Management

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    C.M

    C.M

  • It is not enough to aim only at the minimum

    measure necessary for safety. That has

    been, at best, the approach in the past and

    too often not even that standard has been

    achieved.

    What is required is the vision and

    imagination to achieve a new ethos.The Rt. Hon. Lord Justice Taylor Final Report on the

    Hillsborough Disaster