Schema Unei Rafinarii Si Produsele Ei

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    19-Jan-2016

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schema unei rafinarii si produsele ei

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<ul><li><p>Schema unei rafinarii si produsele ei</p></li><li><p>Taierile la DAV Coloana DA: Taierile pe curba PRF (TBP) : Curbele STAS (ASTM) ale produselor:-benzina(Nafta) la 200 C -Benzina: 32-185 C-petrol: la 280 C -Petrol: 160-270 C-Motorina la 345 - Motorina: 240 C -360 C limitele dedistilare difera f. mult de la iarna la vara; acestea sunt limitele de vara. Iarna: initial min 185 C, min.85% trebuie sa distila pana la 360 C) Pacura DA: 345 + -------</p><p>Coloana DV:Taiere pe curba PRF-Distilat de vid: 345-565</p></li><li><p>Benzina autoEURO SUPER 98 UNLEADED GASOLINE4USE: GASOLINE IS USED FOR SPARK IGNITION ENGINES PROPERTY MU LIMITS TEST METHOD Min. Max. Density at 15 oC Kg/m3720 775 ASTM D 4052-96 (02)2 / ASTM D 1298-99(05)2 / SR EN ISO 3675:032 / SR EN ISO 12185:032Antiknock value: RON 98.0 MON 87.0Distillation: ASTM D 86-052 / SR EN ISO 3405:032Evaporated at 70 OC (E70) % (v/v) Min Max- Summer1 20.0 48.0 - Winter1 22.0 50.0 Evaporated at 100 oC % (v/v) 46.0 71.0 Evaporated at 150 oC % (v/v) 75.0 - Final boiling point oC - 210 Residue of distillation % (v/v) - 2 Vapour pressure SR EN 13016-1:012 / ASTM D 5191-04a2 - Summer1kPa 45.0 60.0 - Winter1kPa 60.0 90.0 </p></li><li><p>Benzina auto</p><p>Principalii componenti ai benzinei auto sunt benzina de RC si benzina de CC, la care se adauga diferite fractii usoare (ex. de la HPR), izomerizat C5-C6, eteri (MTBE, TAME, etc) si alti aditivi.</p></li><li><p>Petrolul pentru avioane</p><p>AVIATION TURBINE FUEL JET A1 USE: AS FUEL FOR JET ENGINES PROPERTY MU LIMITS TEST METHOD Min. Max. Total acidity mg KOH/g - 0,015 STAS 5639-88 / ASTM D 3242-01 Min. Max.Density at 15 oC kg/m3 775 840 ASTM D 4052-96 (02) 1/ ASTM D 1298-991 / SR EN ISO 3675:031 / SR EN ISO 12185 :031Distillation: ASTM D 86-031 / SR EN ISO 3405:031Initial boiling point oC report 10 % (v/v) oC -205 50 % (v/v) oC report 90 % (v/v) oC report Final boiling point oC - 300 Residue % (v/v) - 1,5 Loss % (v/v) 1,5 Flash point, TAG oC 38 - ASTM D 56-2002a Freezing point oC - -47 ASTM D 5901-031 / ASTM D 2386-03 / IP 528 Hydrocarbons content: % (v/v) Aromatics - 25 ASTM D 1319-02a1 / SR 13474-021</p></li><li><p>Aviation Turbine Jet Fuel Petrolul pentru avioane are ca materie prima exclusiv petrolul de DA si eventual, o fractie usoara taiata din motorina dupa hidrofinare</p></li><li><p>Combustibilul DieselEURO 5 DIESELUSE: AS FUEL FOR DIESEL ENGINESPROPERTYMU LIMITS TEST METHODMin. Max.Density at 15 oC kg/m3De vara 820845De iarna 800845</p><p>Cetane number51.0 Cetane index46.0 Flash point oC 55Sulfur content mg/kg 10.0Water content mg/kg 200Viscosity at 40oC mm2/s (cSt)De vara2.004.5De iarna1.504.5Distillation:%(v/v) recovered at 180 oC5 % (v/v) max. 10%(v/v) recovered at 250 oC % (v/v) max. 65%(v/v) recovered at 340 oC5 % (v/v) min.95 de iarna%(v/v) recovered at 350 oC % (v/v) min. 85 de vara 95 % (v/v) recovered at max 360 oC</p></li><li><p>Combustibil DieselCombustibilul Diesel se obtine prin hidrofinare in principal din motorina de DA,CC si Cx, cu putina fractie grea de la HPR si cu aditivi specifici. Mot</p></li></ul>