Standardization Technical Standards

  • Published on
    24-Sep-2015

  • View
    3

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

A final exercise for a degree including a real example and the relative standards.

Transcript

<ul><li><p> : : &amp; </p><p> STANDARDIZATION TECHNICAL STANDARDS </p><p>SPECIFICATIONS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS </p><p>.. </p><p> .. </p><p>.. </p><p> 2015 </p></li><li><p> 2 </p><p> ........................................................................................................................ 4 1 ..................................................................................................................... 5 ...................................................................................... 5 ........................................................................................ 5 - - - ....................... 7 (Technical Specifications) .......................................................... 7 (Standards) ................................................................................................... 8 ................................................................................................................. 9 I.S.O. (InternationalStandardization Organization) ....................................................... 9 I.S.O. ......................................................................................... 9 I.S.O. ........................................................................... 10 I.S.O. - ........................................................................................ 11 ........................................................................................................ 13 ............................................................................ 13 ............................................................................... 13 ............................................................................................... 14 ............................................................................................................... 14 ( - Technical Regulations) ............................................... 15 - ................................................................................... 15 (.. ) ....................... 17 (.. ..) .......................................... 18 ......................................................................................... 19 .................................................................................................................. 19 ......................................................................................................... 19 ........................................................................................................... 19 ................................................ 20 2 .................................................................................................................. 21 ....................................................................................................... 21 ................................................................................................................ 21 ................................................................................................................. 22 .......................................................................................................................... 23 ......................................................................................................................... 24 ...................................................................................................... 25 ............................................................................................................ 26 - ............................................................................................................ 27 - ............................................................................................................. 28 ........................................................................................................... 29 ........................................................................................................... 32 .................................................................................................... 33 .................................................................................................. 36 ............................................................................................................... 37 - ............................................................................................................. 38 3 .................................................................................................................. 39 1 ............................................................................................................ 39 2 ............................................................................................................ 39 3 ............................................................................................................ 40 4 ............................................................................................................ 40 5 ............................................................................................................ 41 6 ............................................................................................................ 41 </p></li><li><p> 3 </p><p> 7 ............................................................................................................ 42 8 ............................................................................................................ 42 9 ............................................................................................................ 43 10 .......................................................................................................... 43 11 .......................................................................................................... 44 12 .......................................................................................................... 44 13 .......................................................................................................... 45 14 .......................................................................................................... 45 15 .......................................................................................................... 46 16 .......................................................................................................... 46 17 .......................................................................................................... 47 18 .......................................................................................................... 47 4 .................................................................................................................. 48 ( ) ................................................................................. 48 . , ( 1501-02-01-01-00:2009) ............................................................................... 48 . 1501-02-01-02-00:2009 ............................................................................................................................. 52 </p><p>. ( 1501-02-03-00-00:2009) ................. 56 . (1501-02-04-00-00:2009) .............. 67 . ( 1501-02-07-02-00:2009) ........................................................................................................................... 76 </p><p>. ( 1501-01-01-01-00:2009) .......... 82 . ( 1501-01-01-02-00:2009) ............................... 89 . ( 1501-01-01-03-00:2009) ............................. 94 . ( 1501-01-01-05-00:2009) ........... 106 . ( 1501-01-02-01-00:2009) ............ 114 . ( 1501-03-02-01-00:2009) ......................................... 121 . ( 1501-03-03-01-00:2009) .................................................................................................................... 135 </p><p>. , ( 1501-03-07-02-00:2009) ............................................................................................................... 148 </p><p>. ( 1501-04-04-01-01) ........................................................................................................................ 159 </p><p>. ( 1501-04-05-06-01:2009) ............................................................................................................... 169 </p><p> ............................................................................................................. 174 </p></li><li><p> 4 </p><p> - . , , ,, . </p><p> . , . </p><p> . / . (SO) . ISO 3.000 . </p><p> , , , . </p><p> , . </p><p> ( ) . , </p><p> ( ). </p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p> 1 </p><p> , , () , . , / , , ( / ) . </p><p> : (, , ), (), (), (), , , / , . , , , ., . </p><p> ( , ..). , .. - .. </p><p>, : </p><p> , </p><p> (performance) </p><p> . </p><p> , , . </p><p> : </p><p> . ( , .. ). </p><p>, , , (), , . </p><p> . </p><p> , : </p><p>() ( ) </p><p>() . </p><p> / ( ) . </p></li><li><p> 6 </p><p> ( ) . </p><p> . : </p><p> : </p><p> : , , . </p><p> : , , , . </p><p> : , , , , , . </p><p>. : </p><p> : (20 , 3 , , 6 WC ) </p><p> : (, , / , ) (), (, , , , , , ), ( , , ), , . </p><p> : , , .. </p><p> : . </p><p> : </p><p> : 10 </p><p> : ( , ), , . </p><p> : ( ), / , .. </p><p> : . </p><p> , . </p><p> : </p><p> : </p><p> : ( ) </p><p> : . </p><p> ( ) . , , . </p></li><li><p> 7 </p><p>, , . , ( ). , , , ( ) . </p><p> , . , , . </p><p> , ( ) , : (security), (health &amp; safety) , (.. ). </p><p> , , , (, , ) () . , , , , . </p><p> , , , / . , . </p><p> - - - </p><p> , , , , . </p><p> , , . 98/34/ ( 83/189/) , , , , . . </p><p>, , , . </p><p> (Technical Specifications) </p><p> , . . , , , . , , , </p></li><li><p> 8 </p><p> . </p><p> , . </p><p> , , / , . </p><p> (Standards) </p><p> 1 98/34/, : , ( , ): </p><p>i. , </p><p>ii. , </p><p>iii. . </p><p> , , , (. ), , , , . , . . : </p><p> / . </p><p> , , (/ ) - () . , . . . : </p><p>I. . , , , , . </p><p>II. , . .. , . </p></li><li><p> 9 </p><p>III. . . </p><p> : ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004 - - . </p><p>ISO/IEC Guide 59:1994 - . </p><p>ISO/IEC Guide 75:2006 - IEC ISO . </p><p> I.S.O. (InternationalStandardization Organization) </p><p> International Standardization Organization (ISO) : </p><p> ISO 2.940 , . , , . 30.000 . </p><p> . </p><p> ISO , , , , . . </p><p> I.S.O. </p><p> ISO. . (Technical Committees - TC) (Subcommittees - SC) : </p><p>== : </p><p> . TC. . . </p><p>== : </p></li><li><p> 10 </p><p> . , . </p><p>== : </p><p> , ISO . . DIS (Draft International Standard). </p><p>== : </p><p> (DIS) ISO ISO . FDIS, 2/3 1/4 . . </p><p>== : </p><p> FDIS ISO . , . , 2/3 1/4 . . </p><p>== : </p><p> . ISO . </p><p> 1. </p><p> I.S.O. </p><p> . , . , .. , . ISO FDIS . </p></li><li><p> 11 </p><p>I.S.O. - </p><p> , , . ISO , ISO , . </p><p> ISO "Publicly Available Specification" ISO/PAS "Technical Specification " ISO/TS. ISO . , ISO ISO/PAS ISO/TS, , . </p><p> ISO : </p><p> 1. . </p></li><li><p> 12 </p><p> ISO Standard - ISO </p><p> ISO/PAS Publicly Available Specification - </p><p> ISO/TS Technical Specification - () </p><p> ISO/TR Technical Report - () </p><p> International Workshop Agreement (IWA) - (). </p><p> : </p><p> (ISO/P.A.S. Publicly Available Specifications) </p><p> . . . </p><p> PAS , . PAS . PAS (3) . (6) , PAS . ISO PAS . </p><p> (ISO/TS Technical Specification) </p><p> . , . 2/3 . ISO . </p><p> 1 2. . </p><p> (3) , (6) , . ISO . </p><p> (ISO/T.R. Techinical Report) </p><p> ISO/TR . , ISO/TR. </p><p> ISO/TR : </p><p> 1: . </p><p> 2: . </p><p> 3: . </p></li><li><p> 13 </p><p> (I. W.A. International Workshop Agreement) </p><p> ISO , . . , IWA (International Workshop Agreement) (). </p><p> ISO . IWA ISO , . </p><p> ISO : </p><p>http://www.iso.org/iso/en/stdsdevelopment/liaisonorglist/LiaisonOrgList.LiaisonOrgList </p><p> , , .. . </p><p> , , , . , , . , . </p><p> : </p><p> (European Committee for Standardization - CEN), , . </p><p> (European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization - CENELEC), . </p><p> (European Telecommunications Standards Institute - ETSI), . </p><p> . , , . </p><p> , , , , . </p></li><li><p> 14 </p><p> , . </p><p> . , . . : </p><p>== : . </p><p> . </p><p>== : . </p><p>== : . , </p><p> . </p><p>, . </p><p>== : . </p><p>== : . </p><p>. </p><p>== : . </p><p> .. , . , , . , . , , , . </p><p> , . , . . </p><p> . , . </p><p> . </p><p> , , </p></li><li><p> 15 </p><p> . </p><p> , , , . , ,...</p></li></ul>