The Picture. of Dorian Gray. Discussion Point: Imagine having the power to remain young and beautiful foreverwithout working out, without having any special medical procedures. What would be the advantages? Disadvantages? Would you wish to be given this power? Why/Why not?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll
of Dorian GrayThe Picture
Discussion Point:Imagine having the power to remain young and beautiful foreverwithout working out, without having any special medical procedures. What would be the advantages? Disadvantages? Would you wish to be given this power? Why/Why not?Literal meaning: double goer-- a persons ghostly counterpart; alter ego
doppelgngersClark KentPeter ParkerAnikin Skywalker
Victor FrankensteinCreaturedoppelgngersIf it were I who was to be always young, and thepicture that was to grow oldI would give my soul for that!
Ja, but vhere did zis doppelgnger idea come from?Sigmund FreudThe idea of everyone having an evil twin has existed since ancient folklore, but the term doppelgnger was first published in 1796. However, psychologist Sigmund Freud, who lived during the Victorian Age, developed theories of the human mind that may have influenced writers such as Oscar Wilde and Robert Louis Stevenson.Other Influences upon WildeFAUST Like Dr. Faust, Dorian makes an eternal bargainyouth and beauty in exchange for his soul. Lord Henry acts as the chief tempter who advises Dorian: the only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it. Resist it, and your soul grows sick with longing.
7Other Influences upon Wilde
Narcissus When Dorian sees his picture, he seems to fall instantly in love with his own beauty. Like Narcissus, he is unable to love anyone else, even Sibyl. Echo falls in love with Narcissus and is harshly rejected; Dorian treats Sibyl with equal cruelty. You simply produce no effect, he tells her. Echo pines away for love of Narcissus. Sibyl commits suicide for love of Dorian. Narcissus cannot gain the thing he loves (his
own reflection); Dorian has "mad hungers" that grow the more he feeds them. Narcissus seeks release from his body, & wishes his reflection longer life; Dorian eventually seeks release from the condition he had once wished. He feels a strange pity for his other self: A sense of infinite pity, not for himself, but for the painted image of himself, came over him. Dorian later says: I wish I could love, ... But I seem to have lost the passion, and forgotten the desire. I am too much concentrated on myself.
PLATO The Greek Philosophers renowned work Republic is a philosophical dialogue between various characters. Book 2, presents the myth of Gyges Ring, which grants the power of invisibility to its owner. Plato asks, If one came into possession of such a ring, why should he act justly? To which Socrates replies that even if no one can see one's physical appearance, the soul is disfigured by the evils one commits.Other Influences upon Wilde
Dorians pursuit of passion increases after Lord Henry gives him the yellow book, which seems to act as a guide for his personal journey. Like the protagonist of that novel, Dorian spirals into a world of self-gratification and exotic sensations. The book is based on a 19th century French novel Rebours (Against Nature), by Joris-Karl Huysmans, in which a decadent and wealthy Frenchman indulges himself in a host of bizarre sensory experiences. The yellow book has such an influence on Dorian, one might argue that it leads to his downfall. Other Influences upon Wilde
There is no such thing as a moral or immoral book.Oscar Wildes Preface to Dorian GrayWhy would Dorian, who is at first so innocent that he is untainted by life, wish to indulge so deeply in the forbidden passions of Victorian society?
From what did Dorian wish to be free?
Recall the Extreme propriety and strict morals of the Victorian ErA.Notice the length of dresses, long sleeves, and high collars.ankleEgad I spy an ankle!Pass me a drumstick, please.
The Picture of Dorian Gray is a response to the extremes of Victorian SocietyIn a sense, the portrait allows Dorian to separate his good side from his evil sidehis indulgent, uninhibited side from his proper, strict and refined side. He could indulge in all temptations without constraint and then return to his normal living in the upper class. Why doesnt Dorians plan to live this double life work?PROBLEM: Dorian believes that his doppelgnger allows him to live a secret life of sin and indulgence while maintaining the appearance of innocence and purity. This allows him to live as he wishes in both parts of society.What is Wildes message to his society? Does the message still address todays society? If so, how? If not, what would need to change about the story in order to better relate it to today?Dual personalities?Restraints of society?Unfair expectations between social classes?
Epigram: A short, witty and often paradoxical statement about life. Epigrams express a single idea and are usually satirical. Oscar Wilde is well-known for his use of epigrams. His character Lord Henry is called Prince Paradox and is constantly speaking in epigrams.
Examples: Nothing can cure the soul but the senses, just as nothing can cure the senses but the soul.The advantage of the emotions is that they lead us astray, and the advantage of Science is that it is not emotional.Men marry because they are tired; women because they are curious: both are disappointed.Wildes use of EpigramsAssignment: www.voki.com1.) Create a doppelgnger of yourself who will present three of your own original epigrams.2.) Create a second character as an advertisement that would appeal to someone living in Victorian societys upper OR lower class. Consider the materialism and wealth of the upper class, the extreme morals, Dorians desires, etc. The ad may not run longer than one minute. 3.) You will present your ad and epigrams in class. If preferable, you may create a video of your ad. You may also draw or paint a portrait of your doppelgnger.Wildes use of Epigrams