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<ul><li><p>The Texas Automotive Manufacturing </p><p>Industry </p><p>2014 </p></li><li><p>Overview. 1 </p><p>Passenger Vehicles....... 10 </p><p>Heavy Duty Trucks 16 </p><p>Trailers. 19 </p><p>Automotive Parts.... 20 </p><p>Contents </p><p>The reports cover photos above are courtesy of the companies. From top left: Toshiba HEV motor, Peterbilt Model 579 truck, Cadillac Escalade, Toyota Tundra, Chevrolet Suburban, Load Trailer gooseneck trailer, Peterbilt Model 567 truck, Caterpillar C7 truck engine, Toyota Tacoma </p></li><li><p>Texas Auto Manufacturing Headlines </p><p>Jobs in Texas auto manufacturing sector surge over 29% since 2010 </p><p>See Page 3 </p><p>Texas automotive exports jump 49% over past five years </p><p>See Page 7 </p><p>See Page 13 </p><p>Toyota announces two new Texas auto suppliers, ASI and Forma Automotive </p><p>Caterpillar to close South Carolina plant, move C7 engine assembly line to Texas </p><p>See Page 22 </p><p>Texas ranks No. 7 nationally for automotive manufacturing employment </p><p>See Page 3 </p><p>Peterbilt celebrates 75 years in Denton, Texas </p><p>See Page 17 </p><p>Toyota selects Texas for its new U.S. headquarters </p><p>See Page 12 </p><p>See Page 11 </p><p>General Motors Arlington assembly plant celebrates 60 years </p></li><li><p> 1 </p><p>These sectors include the assembly of complete cars </p><p>and trucks, as well as the manufacturing of motor </p><p>vehicle frames, chassis, cabs, utility trailers, military </p><p>vehicles, and automotive gasoline engines. The U.S. </p><p>governments North American Industry Classification </p><p>System (NAICS) classifies the auto industry under the </p><p>following categories: </p><p>Automotive Manufacturing Sectors </p><p> Motor Vehicle Manufacturing/Assembly </p><p> Motor Vehicle Body &amp; Trailer Manufacturing </p><p> Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing </p><p>Automotive Manufacturing in Texas </p><p>T exas is home to a well-established automotive manufacturing sector that, unlike in many other states, has continued to grow in the 21st century. A right-to-work state, </p><p>Texas is nationally ranked in the </p><p>top ten for automotive manufactur-</p><p>ing employment and establish-</p><p>ments, the size of its vehicle </p><p>retail market, and the number </p><p>of vehicle registrations. Texas is </p><p>also part of the growing NAFTA </p><p>auto corridor, where billions of </p><p>dollars of assembled vehicles and </p><p>auto parts are shipped between </p><p>Mexico and the Lone Star State. </p><p>The state is home to two major </p><p>passenger vehicle assembly plants, </p><p>operated by global leaders General </p><p>Motors (GM) and Toyota. GMs </p><p>Arlington plant has operated for 60 </p><p>years and currently produces SUVs, </p><p>while Toyota began production of full-</p><p>size pickups at its San Antonio plant in </p><p>2006. </p><p>The automotive manufacturing industry </p><p>encompasses makers of cars and trucks, </p><p>motor vehicle bodies, and auto parts. </p><p>2014 Chevrolet Suburban </p><p> Major Automotive Manufacturers in Texas </p></li><li><p>OVERVIEW </p><p>Automotive Manufacturing Employment in Texas 2014 First Quarter </p><p>Sector (Industry Code) Employees Firms Average </p><p>Annual Wage </p><p>Motor Vehicle Manufacturing (3361) 12,096 29 $75,752 </p><p>Motor Vehicle Body &amp; Trailer Manufacturing (3362) 7,424 168 $41,392 </p><p>Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing (3363) 16,288 269 $53,300 </p><p>TOTALS 35,808 466 $58,753 </p><p>Source: Texas Workforce Commission </p><p>Texas ranks No. 7 nationally for automotive manufacturing </p><p>employment </p><p> - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012) </p><p>Top Automotive Manufacturing Employers In Texas (2013) </p><p>1 General Motors (Arlington): 4,500+ </p><p>2 Toyota (San Antonio): 2,900 </p><p>3 Peterbilt Motors: 2,200 </p><p>4 Toshiba International Corp. 2,000 </p><p>5 Caterpillar (Engine Assembly): 1,160 </p><p>Although it is outside the traditional automotive belt </p><p>of the Midwest and Southeast, Texas is currently one </p><p>of the top ten states in the U.S. by number of automo-</p><p>tive workers and number of auto manufacturing </p><p>establishments. More than 466 automotive manufac-</p><p>turing firms directly employ over 35,800 workers in </p><p>Texas. Workers at these companies earn an average of </p><p>around $58,700 annually (see table below). </p><p>Auto Manufacturing Workforce </p><p>Employment has increased steadily over the past four </p><p>years, growing over 23.6% from 2010 to 2014 (see </p><p>chart on page 3). </p><p>The table below provides a snapshot of employment </p><p>in the Texas automotive manufacturing industry in the </p><p>first quarter of 2014. The motor vehicle parts manu-</p><p>facturing sector accounts for 45% of the states </p><p>automotive manufacturing employment (see chart at </p><p>right). </p><p>Chart Source: Texas Workforce Commission </p><p>Texas Automotive Manufacturing Employment, by Sector </p><p>2 </p><p>OVERVIEW </p></li><li><p>In 2012, Texas ranked No. 5 nationally for </p><p>automotive manufacturing establishments and No. 7 </p><p>nationally for automotive manufacturing </p><p>employment (see table to right). </p><p>Between 2010 and 2014, overall employment in the </p><p>Texas automotive manufacturing industry increased </p><p>steadily, as the national </p><p>and global recession </p><p>receded and the </p><p>national automotive </p><p>manufacturing industry </p><p>rebounded (see chart </p><p>above). Among the </p><p>three subsectors of the Texas automotive </p><p>manufacturing industry, the motor vehicle </p><p>manufacturing sector has led the way with </p><p>employment gains of more than 29.4% since 2010. </p><p>Motor vehicle body &amp; trailer manufacturing </p><p>employment during the same period saw gains of </p><p>28.9%, while motor vehicle parts manufacturing </p><p>employment increased by 16.7%. </p><p>OVERVIEW </p><p>Source: Texas Workforce Commission Data from first quarter each year </p><p>Five-Year Trends: Texas Automotive Manufacturing Employment, 2008-2012 </p><p>Motor Vehicle Parts Mfg. </p><p>Motor Vehicle Mfg. </p><p>Motor Vehicle Body &amp; Trailer Mfg. </p><p>Emp</p><p>loym</p><p>ent </p><p>16,000 </p><p>14,000 </p><p>12,000 </p><p>10,000 </p><p>8,000 </p><p>6,000 </p><p>4,000 </p><p>2,000 </p><p>18,000 </p><p>2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 </p><p>3 </p><p>The motor vehicle manufacturing sector has increased employment over 29.4 % since 2010 </p><p>Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics </p><p>Texas Ranks No. 7 in the U.S. in Total Auto Manufacturing Employment </p><p>Michigan 150,169 </p><p>Indiana 96,732 </p><p>Ohio 88,013 </p><p>Tennessee 48,465 </p><p>Kentucky 45,301 </p><p>Illinois 33,843 </p><p>Texas 33,776 </p></li><li><p>From electronics to fuel economy to tire perfor-</p><p>mance, a wide range of automotive technologies are </p><p>developed and tested by Texas companies. </p><p>Automotive Semiconductors </p><p>Dallas-based electronics giant Texas Instruments </p><p>designs semiconductors for a range of </p><p>automotive applications, including body </p><p>electronics, power trains, hybrid chargers, </p><p>brakes, and infotainment systems. </p><p>Freescale Semiconductor, based in Austin, has </p><p>designed and manufactured automotive </p><p>semiconductors since the 1950s. As one of </p><p>the worlds leading suppliers of automotive </p><p>processors, microcontrollers, and sensors, Free-</p><p>scales technology is utilized in many new vehicles, </p><p>including GMs Texas-built hybrid SUVs. Freescale </p><p>has been a GM supplier for nearly 30 years. </p><p>Spansion, based in California with a major manu-</p><p>facturing site in Austin employing about 860, </p><p>expanded its share of the automotive market </p><p>with the 2014 debut of its Traveo line of </p><p>microcontrollers for electric and hybrid </p><p>vehicles. Spansions ARM-based dual-core chips are </p><p>designed to be used for electric vehicles, battery </p><p>management, air conditioning and heating systems, </p><p>and automotive displays. </p><p>Multiple smaller semiconductor firms in Texas also </p><p>supply the auto industry. These firms include </p><p>SMSC, which develops and supplies microelectron-</p><p>ics for automotive multimedia systems at </p><p>its Austin, design center, and Silicon </p><p>Labs, an Austin-based industry leader in the </p><p>development of mixed-signal integrated </p><p>circuits optimized for automotive applications. </p><p>Research &amp; Development Automotive Test Facilities Near Fort Stockton, Texas, midway between El Paso </p><p>and San Antonio, lies Bridgestone Americas Texas </p><p>Proving Ground (TPG). Estab-</p><p>lished in 1955, TPG is more than </p><p>6,000 acres of flat land that </p><p>features a variety of test tracks and driving environ-</p><p>ments, where tires and vehicles can be tested in real-</p><p>life conditions. </p><p>German manufacturer Continental Automotive </p><p>Systems operates a state-of-the-art test track </p><p>facility in Uvalde, Texas. The </p><p>5,000-acre Uvalde Proving </p><p>Grounds rural location, com-</p><p>bined with high security, make it ideal for testing </p><p>top secret components and vehicles for ride, han-</p><p>dling, durability, and more. The facility was origi-</p><p>nally built by General Tire in 1959. </p><p>Also located in West Texas, the Goodyear Tire </p><p>Proving Grounds near San Angelo, provides the </p><p>leading tire maker with product </p><p>test facilities. Built in 1957, the </p><p>7,000-acre site is one of only </p><p>three proving grounds Goodyear operates in the U.S. </p><p>In Laredo, Texas, a 2,000-acre facility owned by </p><p>German firm MBTech Group offers a </p><p>variety of special tracks and surfaces </p><p>for vehicle and tire testing. The </p><p>company is a joint subsidiary of </p><p>AKKA Technologies, an industrial research and </p><p>development firm based in France, and Daimler, the </p><p>German parent company of Mercedes-Benz. </p><p>The Texas A&amp;M Transportation Institute owns and </p><p>operates the Proving Grounds Research Facility, a </p><p>2,000-acre complex where </p><p>researchers test vehicles for all </p><p>kinds of clients and a wide spectrum of vehicles, </p><p>ranging from subcompacts to tractor-trailer rigs. </p><p>The facility performs crash tests and also tests </p><p>roadside safety devices. </p><p>4 </p><p>OVERVIEW </p></li><li><p>T he Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, is one of the nations oldest and largest independent, nonprofit, research and development organizations. Employing over 2,800, the institute occupies over two million sq. ft. of laboratories, test facilities, and offices. Its 2013 revenues exceeded $592 million. </p><p>SwRIs world-class Office of Automotive Engineering coordinates operations with automotive clients. Among these operations is the Engine, Emissions and Vehicle Research Division, which designs and tests a wide range of automotive technologies, including powertrains, fuel cells, and diesel systems. The Fuels and Lubricants Research Division helps clients get automotive component and fluid products to market and improve them during their lifespan. Additionally, SwRIs Automotive Fleet Testing program provides comparative data for vehicle performance under actual operating conditions. </p><p>SwRI currently operates seven automotive industry consortia to support its clients, as well as the U.S. Army TARDEC (Tank Automotive Research Development &amp; Engineering Center) Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility, a government-owned facility in operation since 1957. The institute also maintains automotive operations abroad in India and in China through the Tianjin-based SwARC Automotive Research Laboratory, a joint venture with state-owned China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATARC). </p><p>San Antonio Institute Puts Automotive Technologies to the Test </p><p>Automotive fuel performance evaluation </p><p>5 </p><p>Engine oil oxidation testing at SwRI </p><p> R&amp;D Credit Regulation In June 2013, Gov. Rick Perry signed HB 800 into law, </p><p>reinstating the R&amp;D tax credit for Texas companies. </p><p>Both the sales tax exemption and research credit are </p><p>extended through 2026 and are expected to be a </p><p>boost to Texas manufacturing and high-technology </p><p>industries, including automotive. The law went into </p><p>effect in January 2014. </p><p>HB 800 reinstates franchise tax credits for companies </p><p>conducting qualified research activities (QRAs) within </p><p>the state. The new law provides Texas companies </p><p>the option of selecting either a sales tax exemption </p><p>on property purchased by persons engaged in QRAs </p><p>or the franchise tax credit, but not both. </p><p>OVERVIEW </p><p></p></li><li><p>Sharing the longest border with Mexico of any U.S. </p><p>state, Texas is uniquely positioned for international </p><p>trade with this significant emerging market in the </p><p>global automotive </p><p>industry. Billions of </p><p>dollars in automotive </p><p>goods are shipped from </p><p>Texas annually. </p><p>Texas has become an </p><p>important part of the </p><p>realigned North American auto alley, now running </p><p>north from Mexico through a number of </p><p>southern U.S. states, to the Midwest rust </p><p>belt. The traditional U.S. auto corridor </p><p>radiating from Detroit has rapidly shifted </p><p>toward the U.S. South since the 1980s. </p><p>Almost all the North American </p><p>automotive plants built in the last two </p><p>decades were located in a southern U.S. </p><p>state or Mexico. Many foreign-owned </p><p>automotive firms, such as Toyota, </p><p>Nissan, Subaru, Volkswagen, Mercedes-</p><p>Benz, BMW, and Kia, have located their </p><p>operations in southern right-to-work </p><p>states, away from the traditional center of </p><p>U.S. automotive manufacturing. </p><p>Spurred by the 1992 North American </p><p>Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Texas </p><p>serves as a primary link between </p><p>Mexicos automotive plants and the rest </p><p>of the U.S. automotive industry. The </p><p>NAFTA superhighway, which runs </p><p>through Texas as Interstate 35, serves as </p><p>a main artery for the southern U.S. and </p><p>northern Mexicos auto manufacturing </p><p>industry. The regions large, skilled, and </p><p>cost-effective labor pool, coupled with </p><p>the NAFTA provision that qualifies any </p><p>product with at least 62.5% American, </p><p>Mexican, or Canadian parts to be duty-free, has made </p><p>Texas a highly competitive location for automotive </p><p>manufacturers. The shaded region on the map below </p><p>represents the NAFTA superhighway corridor. </p><p>NAFTAs impact is evident in northeastern Mexicos </p><p>growing automotive cluster, located near the border of </p><p>Texas. Manufacturers with facilities in this region of </p><p>Mexico include GM, Toyota, Peterbilt, Freightliner, </p><p>and Navistar International. Some of these firms also </p><p>have facilities in Texas, which are detailed on the map </p><p>on page 1 of this report. </p><p>M E X I C O </p><p>T E X A S </p><p>Auto Manufacturing in the Texas-Mexico Corridor </p><p>Tier 1 OEM Suppliers </p><p>Manufacturing Plants </p><p>Map courtesy of Bexar County Economic Development </p><p>The Texas-Mexico Automotive Corridor </p><p>6 </p><p>Texas serves as a primary link between Mexicos auto plants and the rest of the U.S. auto industry </p><p>OVERVIEW </p></li><li><p>In 2013, Texas ranked as the No. 3 state for transpor-</p><p>tation equipment exports, with a value of over $24.4 </p><p>billion, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. </p><p>NAFTA partners Mexico and Canada were the top </p><p>two destinations for Texas transportation exports. </p><p>Over the past five years, Texas automotive exports </p><p>have increased almost 49% from around $9.2 billion </p><p>in 2009 to over $18.1 billion in 2013. Two of the </p><p>three major motor </p><p>vehicle manufacturing </p><p>segments grew during </p><p>this period (see chart </p><p>below), despite the 6% </p><p>decrease in the motor vehicle manufacturing segment </p><p>between 2012 and 2013. Motor vehicle parts is the </p><p>largest of the three segments and experienced the </p><p>strongest growth, increasing 50.6% from over $5.8 </p><p>billion in 2009 to over $11.8 billion in 2013. </p><p>In 2013, Texas ranked No. 3 nationally for transporta-</p><p>tion equipment imports, with a value of over $27.1 </p><p>billion, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Mexico and Germany were the top two countries importing </p><p>transportation equipment into Texas. </p><p>Foreign Trade &amp; Logistics </p><p>7 </p><p>Over the past 5 years, Texas automotive exports increased 49% </p><p>Five Year Trends: Texas Automotive Exports, 2009-2013 </p><p>Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division </p><p>Exp</p><p>ort</p><p>s in</p><p> Mill</p><p>ion</p><p>s </p><p>Hisun Motors selects McKinney for New N.A. Headquarters </p><p>In April 2014, China-based Hisun Motors </p><p>Corp....</p></li></ul>