Tong hopnguphaptoeic

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  • 1. B GIO DC V O TO NH XUT BN GIO DC
  • 2. B GIO DC V O TO ENGLISH ONLINE Ng php TING ANH n thi Toeic( Ti bn ln th 10) NH XUT BN GIO DC
  • 3. 210/GD-01/1744/506-00 M s: O7655T8
  • 4. 1 Bi 1: Cc ch im ng php c hi trong bi thi TOEIC Cho mng cc bn n vi H thng ng php chun ca n Thi Toeic trong lot h thng kin thc trng tm hc n Toeic hiu qu. ng nh tn gi, mc ln ny nhm gip ngi hc bit, nm bt v hiu mt cch c h thng cc chuyn ng php chnh cn c hon thnh tt bi thi Toeic mi vi 2 phn chnh l Nghe v c. Khi ng vng chc vi vic lm quen, phn bit v chia 12 th c bn trong Ting Anh nhanh chng, chnh xc. Tip , chng ta s t tin cng hc v c tnh ca cc t loi, cu, mnh . c bit, ngi hc s hon tt khung ng php mt cch chc chn khi c gi nhc v cc trng hp ngoi l d gp trong bi thi lin quan ti ng php. C th, h thng ng php gm 27 chuyn , mi chuyn gm c l thuyt trng tm, d hiu v 20 cu hi trc nghim n luyn hiu qu t d ti kh: Bi 2: Hin ti n, hin ti tip din Bi 3: Hin ti han thnh, hin ti hon thnh tip din Bi 4: Qu kh n, qu kh tip din Bi 5: Qu kh hon thnh, qu kh hon thnh tip din Bi 6: Tng lai n, tng lai tip din Bi 7: Tng lai hon thnh, tng lai hon thnh tip din Bi 8: Tng hp thi th Bi 9: Cc dng thc ca ng t: Ving, To do Bi 10: ng t khuyt thiu
  • 5. 2 Bi 11: Danh t Bi 12: Mo t Bi 13: i t Bi 14: Cc loi cu hi Bi 15: Tnh t v trng t Bi 16: So snh Bi 17: Gii t Bi 18: B ng Bi 19: Ha hp ch ng- ng t Bi 20: Cu iu kin Bi 21: Mnh quan h Bi 22: Gin lc mnh quan h Bi 23: Mnh danh ng Bi 24: Mnh trng ng Bi 25: Lin t Bi 26: Qu kh phn t (ed) v hin ti phn t (Ving) Bi 27: Cu gi nh C th ni, nh mt phn vai tr ln l trnh n li kin thc ng php cho nhng ai mi bt tay vo n thi Toeic cng nh khng t ngi ang v s mong mun c trong tay chng ch gi tr ny. Hy lun ghi nh s n lc ca bn s quyt nh bn c th nm c hay khng lng kin thc Ting Anh cn thit trc khi t tin ng k thi chc chn c cho mnh mt im s Toeic cao. Chc cc bn thnh cng v hy bt u vi quyt tm cao nht nh!
  • 6. 3 Bi 2: Hin ti n, hin ti tip din Th hin ti n v th hin ti tip din thng khin nhiu bn ln ln, khng bit chng khc nhau ci g trong cu trc v ngha. V vy, chng ta cng xem li kin thc v th hin ti n v th hin ti tip din nh. Cc bn cn nm chc cu to, chc nng ca 2 th ny lm nn tng cho nhng phn tip theo. I. Cu Trc HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN + S + V(s/es) He plays tennis. S + am/is/are + Ving The children are playing football now. S + do not/ does not + Vinf She doesn't play tennis. S + am/is/are + not + Ving The children are not playing football now. ? Do/Does + S + Vinf? Do you play tennis? Am/Is/Are + S + Ving? Are the children playing football now? II. Cch s dng HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN 1. Din t mt thi 1. Din t mt hnh ng ang xy
  • 7. 4 HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN quen, mt hnh ng xy ra thng xuyn lp i lp li hin ti. Ex: - He watches TV every night. - What do you do every day? - I go to school by bicycle. 2. Din t mt chn l, mt s tht hin nhin. Ex: - The sun rises in the East. - Tom comes from England. - I am a student. 3. Din t mt lch trnh c sn, thi kha biu, chng trnh Ex: The plane leaves for London at 12.30pm. 4. Dng sau cc cm t ch thi gian when, as soon as v trong cu iu kin ra ti hin ti. Ex: - The children are playing football now. - What are you doing at the moment? 2. Dng theo sau cu ngh, mnh lnh. Ex: - Look! The child is crying. - Be quiet! The baby is sleeping in the next room. 3. Th ny cn c dng din t mt hnh ng sp xy ra. (TH TNG LAI GN) Ex: - He is coming tomorrow. - My parents are planting trees tomorrow. Lu : Khng dng th hin ti tip din vi cc ng t ch nhn thc, tri gic nh: to be, see, hear, understand, know, like, want, glance, feel, think, smell, love, hate, realize, seem, remember, forget, belong to, believe ... Vi cc ng t ny, ta thay bng th HIN TI N GIN Ex: - I am tired now. - She wants to go for a walk at the moment.
  • 8. 5 HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN loi 1 Ex: - We will not believe you unless we see it ourselves. - If she asks you, tell her that you do not know. III. Du hiu nhn bit HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN - Often, usually, frequently - Always, constantly - Sometimes, occasionally - Seldom, rarely - Every day/ week/ month... - Now - Right now - At the moment - At present - Look! Listen!... IV. Spelling HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN - Ta thm S hnh thnh ngi 3 s t ca hu ht cc ng t. Nhng ta thm ES khi ng t c tn cng l o, sh, s, ch, x, z. Ex: He teaches French. - Nu ng t tn cng l y v ng trc n l mt ph m, th ta i y thnh i trc khi thm es. - Nu ng t tn cng l e n th b e ny i trc khi thm ing. (tr cc ng t : to age (gi i), to dye (nhum), to singe (chy xm) v cc ng t tn t l ee Ex: come --> coming - ng t tn cng l 1 nguyn m gia 2 ph m th nhn i ph m cui ln ri thm ing. Ex: run --> running
  • 9. 6 HIN TI N HIN TI TIP DIN Ex: - He tries to help her. - She studies at China. begin --> beginning - Nu ng t tn cng l ie th i thnh y ri mi thm ing. Ex: lie --> lying - Nu ng t tn cng l l m trc n l 1 nguyn m n th ta cng nhn i l ln ri thm ing. Ex: travel --> travelling
  • 10. 7 Bi 3: Hin ti han thnh, hin ti hon thnh tip din Th hin ti hon thnh v th hin ti hon thnh tip din cng l mt cp khin nhiu s t i thi phi au u y. Mi cc bn cng xem qua kin thc v cp i ny v lm mt s bi tp cng c kin thc nh. I. Present Perfect (th hin ti hon thnh) 1. Cu trc: (+) S + has/have + PII. () S + has/have + not + PII. (?) Has/Have + S + PII? Yes, S + has/have. No, S + has/have + not. 2. Cch s dng: 2.1. Din t mt hnh ng xy ra mt thi im khng xc nh trong qu kh. - Khng c thi gian xc nh.
  • 11. 8 John has traveled around the world (We dont know when) Have you passed your driving test? - Hoc i vi cc t: just, recently, already, yet, - Hnh ng lp li nhiu ln cho n thi im hin ti. I have watched Iron Man several times. - Sau cu trc so snh hn nht ta dng th hin ti hon thnh. It is the most borning book that I have ever read. - Sau cu trc: This/It is the first/second times, phi dng th hin ti hon thnh. This is the first time he has driven a car. Its the second times he has lost his passport. 2.2. Din t mt hnh ng bt u din ra trong qu kh v vn cn hin ti. - C cc t ch thi gian i cng nh: since, for, ever, never, up to now, so far, Jonh has lived in that house for 20 years. (He still live there) =John has lived in that house since 1989 (Hin nay l 2012) 3. Cc t i vi th hin ti hon thnh - Since + thi im trong qu kh: since 1982, since Junuary.: k t khi For + khong thi gian: for three days, for ten minutes, .: trong vng I havent heard from her for 2 months.
  • 12. 9 (Ti khng nghe tin tc g t c y trong 2 thng ri He hasnt met her since she was a little girl. (Anh y khng gp c y k t khi c y cn l 1 c b.) - Already: Dng trong cu khng nh hay cu hi, ALREADY c th ng ngay sau have v cng c th ng cui cu. I have already had the answer = I have had the answer already. Have you typed my letter already? - Yet: cha Dng trong cu ph nh hoc nghi vn. YET thng ng cui cu. John hasnt written his report yet = John hasnt written his report. I hasnt decided what to do yet = I hasnt decided what to do. Have you read this article yet? = Have you read this article? - Just: va mi Dng ch mt hnh ng va mi xy ra. I have just met him. I have just tidied up the kitchen. I have just had lunch. - Recently, Lately: gn y He has recently arrived from New York.
  • 13. 10 - So far: cho n by gi We havent finished the English tenses so far. - Up to now, up to the present, up to this moment, until now, until this time: n tn by gi. She hasnt come up to now. - Ever: tng bao gi cha EVER ch dng trong cu nghi vn Have you ever gone abroad? - Never before: cha bao gi I have never eaten a mango before. Have you eaten a mango? - In/Over/During/For + the + past/last + time: trong thi gian qua It has rained in the past week. She hasnt talked to me over the last 4 days. 4. Phn bit gone to v been to - gone to: i cha v Ann is on holiday. She has gone to Paris. > C ngha l by gi c y ang hoc ang trn ng n . - been to: i v ri Ann is back to English now. She has been to Paris. > C y tng Paris nhng gi v Anh ri.
  • 14. 11 II. Present Perfect Progressive (th hin ti hon thnh tip din) 1. Cu trc: (+) S + has/have + been + Ving. () S + has/have + not + been + Ving. (?) Has/Have + S + bee