Tong Quan May Tinh Win 7

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Tong Quan May Tinh Win 7

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  • 10/23/2014BI 01 : TNG QUAN MY TINH - H IU

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    I.GII THIU :

    A. TNG QUAN MY TNH

    1. My tnh v s ra i :

    - Khi nim d liu , thng tin+ D liu + Thng tin

    - My tnh ra i nm 1939 ( Computer ) phc v cho tnh ton v nghin cu, quc phng.- T 1980 n nay, my tnh c a vo s dng rng ri trong x hi v trong mi lnh vc.

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    + Lu tr :- Lu tr khi lng thng tin ln- Thit b lu tr c kch thc nh.

    + X l :- Tc truy xut v x l nhanh.- X l d liu mt cch t ng.- C th p dng trong nhiu lnh vc.

    2. c im ca my tnh :

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    3. S hot ng ca my tnh :

    L s kt hp ca 2 thnh phn : Phn cng v phn mmPhn cng : Cc thit b in t cu to my tnh.Phn mm : Cc chng trnh ng dng phc v cho x l.M hnh :

    Thng tin

    c x l

    D liu

    Phn cng

    Phn mm

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    II. THNH PHN MY TNH :

    1.Phn cng ( HardWare) :

    Khi nhp : Nhng tht b a d liu hay nhng thng tin vo my tnh.

    Khi xut : Thit b c nhim v xut nhng thng tin c my tnh x l ra kt qu.

    Gm c 3 khi chnh

    Khi x l : Thit b c nhim v x l d liu thng tin - L thnh phn chnh .

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    2. Phn Mm ( SoftWare) :

    L cc chng trnh hay ng dng c ci t trn my tnh. C 2 dng phn mm

    Phn mm h thng : Cc chng trnh dng qun l v khai thc cu hnh phn cng ca my tnh. ( Ms-Dos, Windows, Unix , Linux, )

    Phn mm ng dng : Cc chng trnh ng dng thc hin trn nn h thng ( Corel , Photoshop, Microsoft Office, Visual Basic )

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    KHI NG MY TNH :

    Khi ng t a cng : - Bt cng tc ngun in cho cc thit b ngai vi ( Mn hnh , )- Bt cng tc ngun in cho CPU.

    Khi ng li my khi c s c treo my : - Bm vo nt Reset trn CPU ( Nu c ).- Hay bm t hp phm CTRL + ALT + DEL .

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    B. H IU HNH

    I.GII THIU :

    1. H iu hnh l g :

    - H iu hnh l mt chng trnh qun l ti nguyn ca my tnh ( phn cng , phn mm ), x l cc lnh iu khin vic thi hnh chng trnh. H iu hnh phi c ci t trc khi ci t cc phn mm ng dng.

    2. Cc chc nng :

    - Giao tip vi ngi s dng v my tnh.- Qun l h thng tp tin ( System ).- Qun l thit b.- Khi ng my.- Qun l v khai thc cc phn mm ng dng.- X l v thng bo li.- Cc tin ch h thng h tr ngi s dng.

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    3. Phn lai h iu hnh :

    C rt nhiu H iu hnh v c phn lai ty theo tnh nng.- Theo kin trc my tnh

    - Mac - Macintosh ( MacOs)

    - PC ( Ms DOS Windows )- Giao din v tc v

    - Dng lnh (Command Line User Interface CUI ) : MS Dos, Unix, - ha (Graphical User Interface GUI ) : Windows, Linux,

    - Chc nng qun l mng- H iu hnh Client : Windows 9x, Windows 2000 Professional,- H iu hnh Server : WinNT, Windows 2003 Server,

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    II. H IU HNH WINDOWS :

    1. Gii THIU :

    - Lch s pht trin :- Windows 1.0 (1985) Windows 3.1 (1992)- Windows 3.11 (1993) h tr mng (Win 3.11 for WorkGroup)- Windows 95 (1995)

    - Windows 98 (1997) Windows Me.- Windows 2000 (2000)Windows XP (2002)

    - c im :- H iu hnh a chng ( a nhim )- Giao din ha (GUI).- Plus and Play ( t ng nhn bit cc thit b phn cng)- Kt ni mng.- Cc ng dng c tnh nht qun cao.- H tr Multimedia ( dch v phim nh, nhc )- Kh nng ty chn theo s thch ngi dng.

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    2. KHI NG WINDOWS :

    - Sau khi bt ngun in cho cc thit b.a. My khng kt ni mng :

    - H iu hnh mc nh c khi ng.- ng nhp quyn s dng Win ( Nu c phn quyn User )

    b. My kt ni mng thng qua Server qun l :- ng nhp h thng mng ( User Name , Password )

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    HNH

    3. KT THC WINDOWS :

    - B1 : Di chuyn Mouse n START trn thanh TaskBar- B2 : Chn TURN OFF COMPUTER ( ShutDown)- B3 : Chn

    - Stand By : Tm ngng khng tt my.

    -Turn Off : ng cc ng dng v tt my.

    - Restart : ng cc ng dng v khi ng li my.

    - Cancel : ng ca s Turn Off computer Hy b thao tc.

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    HNH

    4. KT THC QUYN S DNG TRN WINDOWS :

    - B1 : Di chuyn Mouse n START trn thanh TaskBar- B2 : Chn LOG OFF < Account >- B3 : Chn

    - Switch User : Chuyn i ngi s dng.

    - Log Off : Thot quyn s dng.

    - Cancel : ng ca s Log Off

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    1. CC KHI NIM C BN :

    1.a. iu khin nhn tiu im ( Focus ) :

    III. S DNG CHUT( MOUSE):

    - ng khung m.- T mu xanh vng chn.- C du nhy ch nhn lnh t bn phm.

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    - Button : Nt lnh.

    - TextBox : Hp nhp d liu.

    - ComboBox : Hp danh sch cho php chn.

    - CheckBox : Hp mt hay chn nhiu bng cch nh du.

    OptionBox : Hp chn mt.

    III. S DNG CHUT( MOUSE):

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    Combo Box

    Button

    Check Box

    Option Button

    Text Box

    IV. S DNG BN PHM( KEYBOARD):

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    - Icons : Nhng biu tng i din cho cc ng dng hay Nhm ng dng, Th mc.

    - TaskBar : Thanh trng thi ca Windows.

    - Start : M Trnh n cc ng dng trn Windows.- Quick Launch : Cc ng dng thng xuyn.- Active Programs : Cc ng dng ang s dng.

    - System Tray : Khai h thng chobit cc ng dng thng trc.

    IV. S DNG BN PHM( KEYBOARD):

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    - Programs :- Documents :

    - Settings :

    - Search :

    - Help and Support :

    - Run - Log Off - Turn Off Computer

    IV. S DNG BN PHM( KEYBOARD):

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    - Right Mouse trn thanh TaskBar chn Properties.- Chn th Start Menu.- Chn :

    Start menu : Phn theo nhm ng dng.

    Classic Start menu : Theo phin bn Win 98- Customize : Ty chn m rng.

    IV. S DNG BN PHM( KEYBOARD):

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