Unit 2 Studying English. Theme 4 The Origins of Idioms. Stories Behind Idioms. Idiom =a figure of speech used to mean something other than its literal meaning. Fly files off the handle = to lose ones temper Jump the shark = When a TV show takes a turn for the worse.. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Unit 4 Health and Exercise
Unit 2Studying English
Theme 4 The Origins of Idioms
Stories Behind IdiomsIdiom =a figure of speech used to mean something other than its literal meaningFly files off the handle = to lose ones temperJump the shark= When a TV show takes a turn for the worse.. To beat a dead horse= to waste time doing something that wont succeedp.43 sprout up , , figure out , get quite a different picture : . . interestingly : respectively : Cf) respectfully ,
But, of course, you would not expect [to see/ seeing] ears [sprouted/ sprouting] up all over your friend's body! "I'm ready [for/ to] listen.An expression [like this] is called/called an idiom. You know all the words [in the idiom], but you probably can't figure out (its/theirs) exact meaning.
For example, when you hear expressions / like "I put my foot in mouth, and "He's in a real jam." you might get quite a different picture [in your mind] / from what they actually mean.
In English, there are many interesting idioms (that are) often used in everyday life. IdiomsIm all ears, means __________________ Im ready to listen .I put my foot in my mouth, means ____I said something stupid.
Hes in a real jam, means ____________ Hes in a difficult situation.
p.44 all at once context : , unique : one at a time : following : comic strip : ( ) left-handed : , compliment : skinny : seriously : , harm : give compliments
In English, there are many [interesting/ interested] idioms that [often use/ are often used] in everyday life. It is not possible to learn them all at once. However, don't give up. Just try [to guess/ guessing] their meanings from the [contents/ contexts] [in which/ in that] they [are using/are used], and you can learn these unique expressions one at a time.
p.45 probably : encounter~ : unfamiliar : might have guessed might have p.p : ~ ( )must have p.p : ~ .would have p.p : ~ . ~ . ( )should have p.p : ~ . ( )could have p.p : ~ ( )may(might) have p.p : ~ ( ) accurately :
You don't look [happy/ happily].Cathy gave me a left-handed [complement/ compliment].you take everything too [serious/ seriously]I think she needs [to learn/ learning] the ropes about how to give compliments.you [should have guessed/might have guessed] their meanings from theContexts.
p.45While You Read1. The writer recommends learning ___________ by guessing their meanings from __________________.idioms / contexts
2. Over to youWhich new idioms did you learn from the comic strip?
left-handed compliment// learn the ropegive somebody the cold shoulder
A left-handed compliment
p.46 compliment : praise : insult : at the same time : backhanded : , , =left-handedA backhanded compliment, also known as a left handed compliment, is an insult that is disguised as a compliment. is known as ~ ~ .cf. be known to : ~ .be known for : ~
p.46-1 malicious : , instance : (=example) initial : intellect : , , implied ~ : , criticism : Appear unintelligent on the surface : , unattractive
It is also known [for/ as] a backhanded compliment/ complement. The left side of the body [has always considered/ has always been considered] [harmful/ harmfully].each instance also includes an [implied/ implying] criticism: the person appears [intelligent/ unintelligent] on the surface, and the son's parents are [unattractive/ inattractive].
Take a break !!!!!Husband : Honey, why are you wearing your wedding ring on the wrong finger?Wife : Because I married _____________________!
the wrong man
Learn the ropesknow the ropes " " . learn the ropes . 19 rope() , It was hard at first but once I learned the ropes , it gets better and better.[
p.47 phrase ,the days of sailing ships tie knots handle sail : is said to V () : ~ attached ,, quite a while : take : ~ legal : firm : .
Possibly this phrase came from the days of sailing ships when sailors learned how to tie knots and handle the ropes that were attached to the sails. + (where, when, why, how) +
To learn or know the ropes [is/ are] to understand how to do something or [know/ knows] the basics of something. Possibly this phrase came from the days of sailing ships [which/ when] sailors learned how to tie knots and [handle/ handled] the ropes that [attached/ were attached] to the sails. A sailor who was learning all of this [was/ were] said [to be/ being] "learning the ropes ."
Examples of this phrase includes "Anne will teach you how to do everything, and [shouldn't/ it/ you/ take/ the/ long/ to/ learn/ too/ ropes]," and "[quite/ while/ it/ learn/ to/ a/ for/ the/ a new lawyer/ takes/ ropes] in a big legal firm."p.47While You Read1. Why is the compliment Youre smarter than you look, a left-handed compliment?It includes both an initial compliment and an implied criticism.2. Which of the following is NOT explained about the idiom learn the ropes? origin() meaning usage() importance
p. 48 ignore : deliberately : be relate to : ~ is said to V () : ~ tendency : coldly : toward ~ : ~ universal : rejection : in one's direction : ~ occasionally : peer at : ~
all through the party should have p.p : ~ make peace with
When the rejected person looks in your direction, all he sees is your back and shoulder, and you may occasionally peer at him over your shoulder very coldly.
This idiom means "to ignore someone [accidentally/ deliberately]." [said/ is/ related/ to/ be/ it/ body language/ to/]. It is a natural human tendency to coldly turn your back toward someone [whose/ whom] you dislike. This is the [distinctive/ universal] language of [reflection /rejection]. When the [rejected/ rejecting] person looks in your direction, all he sees [is/ are] your back and shoulders, and you may occasionally peer at him over your shoulder very [cold /coldly]. An example of this phrase is "I [argued/ argued with] her yesterday.
p. 49 get up on the wrong side of the bed originate : ~ . ~ ancient : superstition : Cautious on the right side being in bad mood
The idiom "get up on the wrong side of the bed' originated from an ancient superstition that (getting out of bed with your left leg first) was unlucky.
that : . the philosophy + that + learning by doing is more valuable
the idiom we use today, which (= and it) means being in bad mood.
p.49While You Read1. What is the idiom give someone the cold shoulder related to? old traditions body language health myths ( )2. What were many Romans careful to do when getting out of bed? They were careful to get out of bed with their right leg first.P.50 boar : beat : , bushes hire : in an attempt to V : ~ scare out : ( ) hide : get a much easier shot
aggressive : , crucial : avoid : being taken by surprise hide : direct contact main point of interest () get directly to the point of - talk around it
P.50While You ReadWhy did boar hunters hire helpers? They hired helpers to scare wild boars out of bushes.Much More Idioms1. A piece of cake
A task that can be done very easily
2. Cost an arm and a leg
Very expensive. A large amount of money3.Break a leg
A superstitious way to say good luck
4.Bite off more than you can chew
To take on a task that is way too big
5. Finding your feet
To become more comfortable in whatever you are doing
6. Get up on the wrong side of the bed
Someone who is having a horrible day
7. Hit the hay
Go to bed or go to sleep
8. Kick the bucket
9. Let the cat out of the bag
To share a secret that wasnt suppose to be shared
10. Pulling your leg
Tricking some as a joke.
11. Raining cats and dogs
A very loud and noisy rain storm
12. When pigs fly
something that will never ever happen
13. Hit the book to study
14. A cold fish
an unfriendly person
15. On cloud nine
extremely happy16. green with envy
very jealous about / jealousy itself
17. once in a blue moon
18. tickled pink
19. as white as a sheet
an idea or invention that someone has created
21. tighten my belt
spend less money
22. at the drop of a hat
come out without hesitation
23. break the ice
24. begin to see the light in ~ begin to understand in
25. get cold feet
to be fearful about doing something
26. be full of beans
to be lively, active and healthy