Useful Phrases and Vocabularies

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Common signs (yeollim): Open (dot-heem): Closed (ipgu): Entrance (chulgu): Exit (mishio): Push (dangishio): Pull (hwajangshil): Toilet (nam): Men (yeo): Women (geumji): Forbidden PhrasesHello. (formal). (annyeonghaseyo) Common in South Korea. to older people or to the people you meet first Hello. (informal). (annyeong) to your friend or younger people Hello. (on the phone). (yeoboseyo) when you answer the phone. How are you? ? (eotteoke jinaesimnikka?) Fine, thank you. , . (jal jinaemnida, gamsahamnida) What is your name? ? (seonghami eotteoke doeseyo?) My name is ______ . ______. (je ireumeun ____ imnida) I am _____. (my name is) _____ (jeoneun _____imnida) Nice to meet you.: . (mannaseo bangapseumnida) Please.: . (butakamnida) Thank you.: . (gamsahamnida) You're welcome.: . (cheonmanimnida) Yes.: /. (ye/ne) No.: . (anio) Excuse me. (getting attention):. (shill(y)e hamnida) I'm sorry.: . (joesonghamnida) Goodbye. (to person leaving): . (annyeonhi gaseyo) Goodbye (to person staying): . (annyeonghi gyeseyo) Goodbye (informal): . (annyeong) Is there someone here who speaks English? ? (yeogie yeong-eoreul hasineun bun gyesimnikka?) Please speak slowly. . (cheoncheonhi malhae jusipsio) Please say it again. . (dasi hanbeon malhae jusipsio) I can't speak {language} [well]. {} [] . (jeoneun {eon-eoreul} [jal] motamnida) I can't speak English [well]. [] . (jeoneun yeong-eoreul [jal] motamnida) Do you speak {language}?____ ? (____reul hasimnikka?) English (yeong-eo) Korean (hangugeo) Chinese (junggugeo) Japanese (ilboneo) Yes, a little.: , . (ne, jogeummanyo) Help!! (dowajusipsio!) Look out!! (josimhasipsio!) Good morning. . (jo-eun achimimnida) Good evening. . (jo-eun jeonyeogimnida) Good night. . (jo-eun bamimnida) Good night (to sleep) . (annyeonghi jumusipsio) I don't understand. . (ihaega ankamnida) I don't understand. (more common) (moreugesseumnida) I understand. (algesseumnida) Where is the toilet? ? (hwajangsiri odi-e isseumnikka?) What?? (mu-eot?) What? (shortened, more common)? (mwo?) Where?? (eodi?) Who?? (nugu?) When?? (eonje?) Which?? (museun?) How much?? (eolma?) ProblemsLeave me alone. . (honja naebeoryeo dusipsio) Don't touch me! ! (manjiji masipsio!) I'll call the police. ! (gyeongchareul bureukesseumnida!) Police!! (gyeongchal!) Stop! Thief!! ! (seora! dodukiya!) I need your help. . (dangshin-ui doumi pilyohamnida) It's an emergency. . (eungkeup sanghwang-imnida) I'm lost. . (gireul ireosseumnida) I lost my bag. . (gabang-eul ireosseumnida) I lost my wallet. . (jikabeul ireosseumnida) I'm sick.. (apeumnida) I've been injured. . (sangcheoreul ibeosseumnida) I need a doctor. . (uisaga pilyohamnida) Can I use your phone? ? (dangshin-ui jeonhwagireul sayonghaedo doegesseumnikka?)

Sino-Korean numbersSino-Korean numbers are used for amounts of currency, telephone numbers, the 24-hour clock and counting minutes. 0 (gong) / (yeong) 1 (il) 2 (i) 3 (sam) 4 (sa) 5 (o) 6 (yuk) 7 (chil) 8 (pal) 9 (gu) 10 (sip) 11 (sibil) 12 (sibi) 13 (sipsam) 14 (sipsa) 15 (sibo) 16 (simyuk) 17 (sipchil) 18 (sippal) 19 (sipgu) 20 (isip) 21 (isibil) 22 (isibi) 23 (isipsam) 30 (samsip) 40 (sasip) 50 (osip) 60 (yuksip) 70 (chilsip) 80 (palsip) 90 (gusip) 100 (baek) 200 (ibaek) 300 (sambaek) 1,000 (cheon) 2,000 (icheon) 10,000 (man) 100,000 (simman) 1,000,000 (one million) (baengman) 10,000,000 (cheonman) 100,000,000 (eok) 1,000,000,000 (one billion) (sibeok) 10,000,000,000 (baegeok) 100,000,000,000 (cheoneok) 1,000,000,000,000 (one trillion) (jo) 10,000,000,000,000 (sipjo) 100,000,000,000,000 (baekjo) 1,000,000,000,000,000 (chunjo) 10,000,000,000,000,000 (gyeong) number _____ (train, bus, etc.)_____ (, , etc.) (beon (yeolcha, beoseu, etc.)) half (ban) less (deol) more (deo)

Counting wordsWhen counting objects, Korean uses special counter words. For example, "two beers" is maekju dubyeong ( 2), where du is "two" and -byeong means "bottles". There are many counters, but the most useful ones are myeong () for people, jang () for papers including tickets, and gae () for pretty much anything else (which is not always strictly correct, but will usually be understood and is growing in colloquial usage). objects (apples, sweets) -gae people -myeong, -bun (polite) flat paper-like objects (papers, tickets, pages) -jang bottles (or other glass or ceramic containers for liquid with a narrow mouth) -byeong cups, glasses -jan animals -mari times -beon machines (cars, computers) -dae long objects (pens, rifles) -jaru small boxes -gap books -gwon large boxes -sangja trees -geuru letters, telegrams, phone calls, e-mails -tong boats -cheok bunches of things such as flowers -song-i Note that when combined with a counting word, the last letter of numbers 1 through 4 as well as 20 is dropped: one person is hanmyeong (hana+myeong), two tickets is dujang (dul+jang), three things is segae (set+gae), four things is negae (net+gae), twenty things is seumugae (seumul+gae). Native Korean numbersNative Korean numbers are used for hours and with counting words. 1 (hana) 2 (dul) 3 (set) 4 (net) 5 (daseot) 6 (yeoseot) 7 (ilgop) 8 (yeodeol) 9 (ahop) 10 (yeol) 11 (yeolhana) 20 (seumul) 30 (seoreun) 40 (maheun) 50 (swin) 60 (yesun) 70 (ilheun) 80 (yeodeun) 90 (aheun) Numbers above 100 are always counted with Sino-Korean numbers. Timenow (jigeum) later (najung-e) before (jeone) after (hu-e) morning (achim) afternoon (ohu) evening (jeonyeok) night (bam) Clock timeone o'clock AM (ojeon hansi) two o'clock AM (ojeon dusi) noon (jeong-o) one o'clock PM (ohu hansi) two o'clock PM (ohu dusi) midnight (jajeong) Duration_____ minute(s)_____ (___ bun) _____ hour(s)_____ (___ sigan) _____ day(s)_____ (___ il) _____ week(s)_____ (___ ju) _____ month(s)_____ (___ dal) _____ year(s)_____ (___ nyeon) Daystoday (oneul) yesterday (eoje) tomorrow (nae-il) this week (ibeon ju) last week (jinan ju) next week (da-eum ju) Sunday (ilyoil) Monday (wolyoil) Tuesday (hwayoil) Wednesday (suyoil) Thursday (mogyoil) Friday (geumyoil) Saturday (toyoil) MonthsThe names of the months in Korean are simply the Sino-Korean numbers 1 through 12 followed by the word (month). January1 () ilwol February2 () iwol March3 () samwol April4 () sawol May5 () owol June*6 () yuwol July7 () chilwol August8 () palwol September9 () guwol October*10 () siwol November11 () sibilwol December12 () sibiwol The number component of 6 and 10 drop the final consonant for purposes of liaison. Writing time and dateKoreans generally write the date in format (e.g. 2006.12.25 for December 25th, 2006). March 1st, 20052005 3 1 ( ) icheon-onyeon samwol il-il (____year, _____month, ____day) Colorsblack (geomeunsaek) white (huinsaek) gray (hoesaek) red (ppalgansaek) blue (paransaek) yellow (noransaek) green (choroksaek) orange (juhwangsaek) purple (jajusaek) brown (galsaek)

TransportationBus and trainHow much is a ticket to _____?_____ ? (_____e ganeun pyoga eolmaimnikka?) One ticket to _____, please._____ . (_____e ganeun pyo han jang-iyo) Where does this train/bus go? / ? (i gicha/beoseu-neun eodiro gamnikka?) Where is the train/bus to _____?_____ / ? (_____e ganeun gicha/beoseuneun eodi-e isseumnikka?) Does this train/bus stop in _____? / _____ ? (i gicha/beoseu-neun _____e seomnikka?) When does the train/bus for _____ leave?_____ / ? (_____e ganeun gicha/beoseu-neun eonje chulbalhamnikka?) When will this train/bus arrive in _____? / _____ ? (i gicha/beoseu-neun _____e eonje dochakamnikka?) DirectionsHow do I get to _____?_____ ? (____e garyeomyeon eotteoke haeya hamnikka?) ...the train station?...? (gichayeok...?) ...the bus station? ...? (beoseu jeongnyujang...?) ...the airport?...? (gonghang...?) ...downtown?...? (shinae...?) ...the youth hostel? ...? (yuseu hoseutel...?) ...the _____ hotel?_____ ...? (____ hotel...?) ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?/// ...? (miguk/kaenada/hoju/yeongguk yeongsagwan...?) Where are there a lot of...... ? (...i manheun gosun eodi-e issumnikka?) (hotel...?) ...restaurants?...? (sikdang...) ...bars?...? (suljip...) ...sites to see?...? (bolgeorideul...) Is it far from here? ? (yeogiseo meomnikka?) Can you show me on the map? ? (...jidosang-eseo gareucheo jusigessumnikka?) street (gil) Turn left. . (oenjjogeuro dosipsio) Turn right. . (oreunjjogeuro dosipsio) left (oenjjok) right (oreunjjok) straight ahead . (gojjang gasipsio) towards the __________ . (_____reul hyanghae) past the __________ . (_____reul jina) before the __________ . (_____ jeonae) Watch for the _____._____ . (_____reul gidarisipsio) intersection (gyocharo) 3-way crossing (samgeori) 4-way crossing (sageori) north (buk) south (nam) east (dong) west (seo) uphill (oreumakgil) downhill(naerimakgil) TaxiTaxi!! (taeksi!) Take me to _____, please._____ . (____ro deryeoga jusipsio) How much does it cost to get to _____?_____ () ? (____kkajineun (yogeumi) eolmaimnikka?) Take me there, please. . (jeogi-e deryeoga jusipsio'.') LodgingDo you have any rooms available? ? (bang isseumnikka?) How much is a room for one person/two people? / ? (han saram/du saram-dang bang-i eolmaimnikka?) Does the room come with... ... ? (geu bang-eneun ...i isseumnikka?) ...bedsheets?...? (...chimdaebo?) ...a bathroom?...? (...hwajangsil?) ...a telephone?...? (...jeonhwagi?) ...a TV?...? (tibeu-i?) May I see the room first? ? (bang-eul meonjeo bwado doegesseumnikka?) Do you have anything quieter? ? (deo joyonghan bang isseumnikka?) ...bigger?... ? (deo keun?) ...cleaner?... ? (deo kkaekkeutan?) ...cheaper?... ? (deo ssan?) OK, I'll take it., . (choseumnida, geugeoseuro hagesseumnida) I will stay for _____ night(s)._____ . (_____ bam mukgesseumnida) Can you suggest another hotel? ? (dareun hoteleul gwonhae jusigesseumnikka?) Do you have a safe? ? (geumgo isseumnikka?) ...lockers?...? (...jamulsoe?) Is breakfast/supper included?/ ? (achimsiksa/jeonyeoksiksa ga pohamdoenikka?) What time is breakfast/supper?/ ? (achimsiksa/jeonyeoksiksa neun myeossimnikka?) Please clean my room. . (bang-eul cheongsohe jusipsio) Can you wake me at _____?_____ ? (_____ si-e kkewojusigeseumnikka?) I want to check out. . (chekeu autago sipsumnida) MoneyDo you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?// ? (miguk/oseuteureillia/kaenada dareo badeusimnikka?) Do you accept British pounds? ? (yeongguk paundeu badeusimnikka?) Do you accept credit cards? ? (sin-yong kadeu badeusimnikka?) Can you change money for me? ? (hwanjeon haejusigesseumnikka?) Where can I get money changed? ? (eodi-eseo hwanjeonhal su oiseumnikka?) Can you change a traveler's check for me? ? (yeohaengja supyoreul hyeon-gumeuro bakkwojusigesseumnikka?) Where can I get a traveler's check changed? ? (eodi-eseo yeohaengja supyoreul hyeon-gumeuro bakkul su isseumnikka?) What is the exchange rate? ? (hwan-yuri oelma-imnikka?) Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? ? (hyeon-gum jadong jigeupgiga oedi-e isseumnikka?) EatingA table for one person/two people, please. / . (han saram/du saram teibeul butakamnida) Can I look at the menu, please? ? (menyureul bwado doegesseumnikka?) Can I look in the kitchen? ? (bu-eokkeul bwado doegesseumnikka?) Is there a house specialty? ? (i jibui teukbyeol yeoriga isseumnikka?) Is there a local specialty? ? (i jiyeogui teukbyeol yeoriga isseumnikka?) I'm a vegetarian. . (jeoneun chaesikjuuijaimnida) I don't eat pork. . (jeoneun dwaejigogireul meokji anseumnida) I don't eat beef. . (jeoneun sogogireul meokji anseumnida) I only eat kosher food. . (jeoneun yudaein eumsingman mokseumnida) Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard)... (..) fixed-price meal (jeongga eumsik) la carte... (..) breakfast (achim siksa) lunch (jeomsim siksa) tea (meal) (cha) supper (jeonyeok siksa) I want _____. _____ . (jeoneun _____eul wonhamnida) I want a dish containing _____. _____/ . (jeoneun ____eul/reul pohamhaneun yorireul meokgo sipsumnida) chicken/ (dalgogi/chikin) beef (sogogi) fish (saengseon) ham (haem) sausage (soseji) cheese (chijeu) eggs/ (dalgyal/gyeran) salad (saelleodeu) (fresh) vegetables() ((sinseonhan) yachae) (fresh) fruit() ((sinseonhan) gwa-il) bread (ppang) toast (toseuteu) noodles (guksu) rice (bap) beans (kong) May I have a glass of _____?_____ ? (____ han jan jusigesseumnikka?) May I have a cup of _____?_____ ? (____ han keob jusigesseumnikka?) May I have a bottle of _____?_____ ? (____ han byeong jusigesseumnikka?) coffee (keopi) tea (drink) (cha) juice (joseu) (bubbly) water (tansansu) water (mul) beer (maekju) red/white wine/ (jeok/baek podoju) May I have some _____?_____/ ? (____eul/reul jogeum meogeodo doegesseumnikka?) salt (sogeum) black pepper (huchu) butter (beoteo) Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)? (Literally, this means "Here." (yeogiyo?) I'm finished. . (da meokeosseumnida) It was delicious.. (masisseosseumnida) Please clear the plates. . (jeopsireul chiwojusipsiyo) The check, please. . (gyesanseo butakamnida) BarsDo you serve alcohol? ? (sul pamnikka?) Is there table service?... (..) A beer/two beers, please. / . (maekju han/du byeong butakamnida) A glass of red/white wine, please./ . (jeok/baek podoju han jan butakamnida) A pint, please.... (..) A bottle, please. . (han byeong butakamnida) _____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please.... (..) whiskey (wiseuki) vodka (bodeuka) rum (reom) water (mul) club soda (tansansu) tonic water (tansan eumryo) orange juice (orenji jyuseu) Coke (soda) (kolla) Do you have any bar snacks?... (..) One more, please. . (han gae deo butakamnida) Another round, please.... (..) When is closing time? ? (eonje dasseumnikka?) ShoppingDo you have this in my size? ? (i geoseuro je saijeu isseumnikka?) How much is this? ? (igeoseun eolmaimnikka?) That's too expensive. . (neomu bissamnida) Would you take _____?_____ ? (_____ badeusimnikka?) expensive (bissan) cheap (ssan) I can't afford it. . (geugeoseul sal yeoyuga opsseumnida) I don't want it. . (geugeoseul wonhaji anseumnida) You're cheating me. . (jeoreul sogigo itgunyo) I'm not interested. . (gwansim opsseumnida.) OK, I'll take it., . (jossueumnida, geugeoseul sagesseumnida) Can I have a bag? ? (gabang-eul sal su isseumnikka?) Do you ship (overseas)?() ? ((haewiro) balsonghamnikka?) I need... ... (jeoneun ...i pilyohamnida) ...toothpaste..... (...chiyak) ...a toothbrush..... (...chissol) ...tampons..... (...tampon) ...soap..... (...binu) ...shampoo..... (...syampu) ...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen).... ( or ) (...jintongje. (aseupirin or hang yeomjeungje)) ...cold medicine..... (...gamgiyak) ...stomach medicine..... (...wiyak) ...a razor..... (...myeondogi) umbrella..... (...usan) ...sunblock lotion.... . (...haeppyeot chadan rosyeon) ...a postcard..... (...upyeon-yeopseo) ...postage stamps..... (...upyo) ...batteries..... (...geonjeonji) ...writing paper..... (...pyonjiji) ...a pen..... (...pen) ...English-language books.... . (...yeongja chaek)...