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2552

2552 1.0

Landfill Methane Outreach Program

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Washington, D.C.

Clint Burklin, P.E.

Eastern Research Group, Inc.

Morrisville, NC 27560 and

Bryce Lloyd Organic Waste Technologies (Hong Kong) LimitedHong Kong SAR, China

EPA Contract EP-W-06-022

Task Order 36

U.S. EPAs Landfill Methane Outreach Program U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) U.S. EPA Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG) Organic Waste Technologies (Hong Kong) Limited (OWT) U.S. EPA ERG OWT

1 ( 1) ERG OWT the U.S. EPAs Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP)

(Excel spreadsheet) 1 (k) (L0)

the U.S. EPA Central America Landfill Gas Model Version 1 (EPA, 2007), the U.S. EPA China Landfill Gas Model Version 1.1 (EPA, 2009) the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 Waste Model ii

iii

vi

11.0

31.1

31.1.1 (k)

51.1.2 (L0)

51.1.3

61.2

61.2.1

91.3

112.0

112.1

162.2

182.3

203.0

1 2 () 3 4 1

()

(k)k 1/ 1 (methanogens)

(L0) Ultimate Methane Generation Potential L0 () L0 /

1.0

21

() ;

(k); (L0); ;

1 exponential exponential U.S. EPAs Landfill Gas Emissions Model (LandGEM) version 3.02 (EPA, 2005) ()

:QM= (/);

i=

n=() ()

j= 1 10%

k= (1/);

L0 = (/);

Mi = i;

tij = j i ()

CCH4= () ()

k L0 IPCC 2006 guidelines (IPCC, 2006)

EPA 1.1

50% 50%

1 2 L0 k 1 L0 k IPCC 2006

1.1.1 (k)

(k) 1/ () () (1) (2) (3) (4)

(evapotranspiration) IPCC 3.4 IPCC 2006 Guidelines 20 20 20 1,000 1,000 1,000 (evapotranspiration) 1 (evapotranspiration) 1

2 1

2

k 0.18 IPCC 2006

1,000 30% k IPCC 0.10 1.1.2 (L0)

(L0) - 6.2 270 (EPA, 1991) IPCC 60

1,000 30% 70 1.1.3 () 20 40% ( 30%) 1.2

1.2.1

U.S. EPA (EPA, 1998) 60% 85% 75% /

1 1, 2 4 7 3 85% I 0.95 81% 1 ( 85%)

1 0%3%

2 0%5%

3 10%0%

4 10 0%10%

5 0%10%

6 0%5%

7 (geosynthetic) 0%5%

8

5

80 100%I95%

60 80%II75%

40 60%III55%

20 40%IV35%

< 20%V15%

( 15%) 85% 85% 7 1 3% 1, 5% 2, 10% 3, 10% 4 5, 5% 6 7 48% 7 1 2 30 x 30 3 4 10 10 5 6 7 (geosynthetic) 8 5

80 100%I

60 80%II

40 60%III

20 40%IV

< 20%V

7 1.3

Windows 2000, Windows XP, Vista Microsoft Excel file open LMOP Thailand Model_v1-0.xls enable macros

(worksheet) 3 ;

View Output Table View Output Graph

2.0 2.1

1 1 ( E10) 1 2 ( E11) 2 3 ( E12) 4 ( E13) 5 ( E14) 50%

k, L0 6 14 () 15 6 L0

8 7 13 14 1.2.1 7 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14

80 100%I

60 80%II

40 60%III

20 40%IV

< 20%V

7 14 15 25 40% 50 65% 1

15 k, L0 6 14 6 14 () k, L0 H43 H45 7 14 H45 16 4 2 17 4 17 2 ( E56) 18 19 18 2 2 100 19 () 5 ( 2) () 5 50% 50% ( 5)

2 ()

2.2 ( 3 ) 100 (MTCO2e/year) ( 85%) ( 30%) ( 50% ) k L0 File, Print OK 3

2.3 4 File, Print, OK 4

3.0 EPA, 1991. Regulatory Package for New Source Performance Standards and III(d) Guidelines for Municipal Solid Waste Air Emissions. Public Docket No.A8809 (proposed May 1991). Research Triangle Park, NC. U.S.Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA, 1998. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, AP-42, Volume 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources, 5th ed., Chapter 2.4. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Research Triangle Park, NC. U.S.Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA, 2005. Landfill Gas Emissions Model (LandGEM) Version 3.02 Users Guide. EPA600/R-05/047 (May 2005), Research Triangle Park, NC. U.S.Environmental Protection Agency.EPA, 2007. Central America Landfill Gas Model (Version 1.0) Users Manual (March 2007).

EPA, 2009. China Landfill Gas Model (Version 1.1) Users Manual (May 2009).IPCC, 2006. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Volume 5 (Waste), Chapter 3 (Solid Waste Disposal).

50%

X % = 50%

50 %

L0 k IPCC methodologies (IPCC, 2006)

xix8 2552

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