VERBOS REGULARES E IRR 1J7WGJK4B-1CTZT28-NHG/regulares...VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES Por la manera en que se conjugan, se pueden distinguir dos clases de verbos: regulares e irregulares. Los verbos regulares

  • View
    218

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES

    Por la manera en que se conjugan, se pueden distinguir dos clases de verbos: regulares e irregulares.

    Los verbos regulares son los que conservan la misma raz en todas sus formas y tienen las desinencias del modelo de su conjugacin (saltar, comer, vivir).

    Presente Pretrito perfecto simple Futuro

    saltar (modelo) salt-o salt- salt-ar contestar contest-o contest- contest-ar

    Se consideran regulares los verbos que tienen cambios en su raz en algunas de sus formas por motivos nicamente ortogrficos:

    Presente Pretrito perfecto simple Futuro

    cazar caz-o cac- caz-ar coger coj-o cog- cog-er

    Los verbos irregulares son los que no conservan igual la raz en todas sus formas, o tienen desinencias distintas del modelo de su conjugacin, o ambas cosas.

    Para saber si un verbo es regular o irregular basta observar las siguientes formas:

    Primera persona del singular del presente de indicativo. Tercera persona del singular del pretrito perfecto simple. Primera persona del singular del futuro de indicativo.

    Presente Pretrito perfecto simple Futuro saltar (modelo) salt-o salt- salt-ar mostrar muestr-o mostr- mostr-ar andar and-o and-uvo and-ar

  • IRREGULAR VERBS

    INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE SIGNIFICADO

    abide abode abode tolerar, soportar

    arise arose arisen surgir, plantear

    awake awoke awoke despertarse

    be was/were been ser, estar

    beat beat beaten golpear, latir, batir

    become became become llegar a ser

    begin began begun comenzar

    bend bent bent doblarse, inclinarse

    bet bet bet apostar en algo

    bind bound bound atar, unir, ligar

    bind bound bound atar, unir, ligar

    bite bit bitten morder/se

    bleed bled bled sangrar

    blow blew blown soplar, hacer sonar

    break broke broken romper

    breed bred bred criar, reproducir/se

    bring brought brought traer

    build built built construir

    buy bought bought comprar

    catch caught caught agarrar

  • choose chose chosen elegir

    come came come venir

    creep crept crept arrastrar, deslizarse

    cut cut cut cortar

    deal dealt dealt tratar, ocuparse

    dig dug dug cavar, excavar

    do [does] did done hacer

    draw drew drawn dibujar, atraer

    drink drank drunk beber

    drive drove driven conducir

    eat ate eaten comer

    fall fell fallen caer

    feed fed fed alimentar

    feel felt felt sentir

    fight fought fought luchar, pelear

    find found found encontrar

    fling flung flung arrojar, lanzar

    fly flew flown volar

    forget forgot forgotten olvidar

    freeze froze frozen helar, congelar

    get got got/gotten obtener, conseguir

    give gave given dar

    go went gone ir

  • grind ground ground moler

    grow grew grown cultivar, crecer

    hang hung hung colgar

    have [have/has] had had tener, haber

    hear heard heard or

    hide hid hidden ocultar, esconder

    hit hit hit golpear

    hold held held sostener, soportar

    keep kept kept guardar, conservar

    kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse

    know knew known saber, conocer

    lead led led guiar, conducir

    lend lent lent prestar

    learn learnt learnt aprender

    leave left left irse, dejar, partir

    lose lost lost perder

    make made made hacer, fabricar

    mean meant meant significar

    meet met met encontrarse con

    pay paid paid pagar

    put put put poner, colocar

    read read read leer

    ride rode ridden cabalgar

  • ring rang rung sonar

    run ran run correr

    say said said decir

    see saw seen ver

    seek sought sought buscar

    sell sold sold vender

    send sent sent enviar

    shake shook shaken agitar, sacudir

    shine shone shone brillar, resplandecer

    shoot shot shot pegar un tiro

    show showed shown mostrar, demostrar

    shrink shrank shrunk encogerse (tamao)

    shut shut shut cerrar

    sing sang sung cantar

    sink sank sunk hundir/se

    sit sat sat sentar/se

    slay slew slain asesinar

    sleep slept slept dormir

    slide slid slid resbalar, deslizar

    sling slung slung lanzar con fuerza

    smell smelt smelt oler

    speak spoke spoken hablar

    spend spent spent gastar, pasar

    spin spun spun girar, hilar

  • stand stood stood pararse

    steal stole stolen robar

    stick stuck stuck pinchar, atascarse

    sting stung stung picar, arder

    stride strode strode dar pasos largos

    strike struck struck golpear, sonar

    strive strove striven esforzarse

    swear swore sworn jurar, maldecir

    sweep swept swept barrer

    swell swelled swollen hinchar/se

    swim swam swum nadar

    take took taken tomar, llevar

    teach taught taught ensear

    tear tore torn rasgar, arrancar

    tell told told decir, contar

    think thought thought pensar, creer

    thrive throve thriven crecer, prosperar

    throw threw thrown tirar, arrojar

    tread trod trodden pisar, aplastar

    understand understood understood entender, comprender

    undo undid undone deshacer

    wake woke woken despertarse

    wear wore worn vestir, usar (ropa)

  • win won won ganar

    wind wound wound serpentear, enrollar

    write wrote written escribir

  • REGULAR VERBS

    INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE SIGNIFICADO Abridge Abridged Abridged Compendiar

    Accomplish Accomplished Accomplished Efectuar, verificar

    Acknowledge Acknowledged Acknowledged Reconocido

    Achieve Achieved Achieved Ejecutar, realizar

    Add Added Added Sumar, aadir

    Adjust Adjusted Adjusted Ajustar

    Agre Agreed Agreed Estar de acuerdo

    Agree Agreed Agreed Convenir, estar de acuerdo

    Aim Aimed Aimed Pretender

    Alleviate Alleviated Alleviated Aliviar, mitigar

    Analyze Analyzed Analyzed Analizar

    Antedate Antedated Antedated Antedatar

    Apportion Apportioned Apportioned Prorratear, repartir, adjudicar

    Approve Approved Approved Aprobar, confirmar

    Arrive Arrived Arrived Arribar, llegar

    Assign Assigned Assigned Asignar

    Associate Associated Associated Asociar, juntar, asociado

    Assume Assumed Assumed Suponer, asumir

    Attain Attained Attained Lograr, alcanzar, obtener

    Authorize Authorized Authorized Autorizar

  • Avoid Avoided Avoided Evitar

    Base Based Based Basar

    Block Blocked Blocked Bloquear, cerrar

    Borrow Borrowed Borrowed Pedir prestado

    Broaden Broadned Broadned Ensanchar

    Budget Budgeted Budgeted Presupuestar

    Call Called Called Llamar

    Carry Carried Carried Llevar

    Carry out Carried out Carried out Realizar

    Certify Certified Certified Certificar

    Classify Classified Classified Clasificar

    Close Closed Closed Cerrar

    Close out Closed out Closed out Liquidar

    Code Coded Coded Codificar

    Collect Collected Collected Cobrar

    Combine Combined Combined Combinar

    Complete Completed Completed Completar

    Concounter Encountered Encountered Encontrar

    Consent Consented Consented Consentir

    Consume Consumed Consumed Consumir

    Contain Contained Contained Contener

    Contitute Contituted Contituted Constituir

    Control Controlled Controlled Controlar

  • Control Contolled Controlled Controlar

    Controll Controlled Controlled Controlar

    Convert Converted Converted Convertir

    Cover Covered Covered Cubrir

    Cover Covered Covered Cubrir

    Create Created Created Crear

    Cross Crossed Crossed Cruzar atravesar

    Change Changed Changed Cambiar

    Check Cheked Cheked Confrontar

    Date Dated Dated Fechar

    Declare Declared Declared Declarar

    Decrease Decreased Decreased Disminuir

    Dedicate Dedicated Dedicated Dedicar

    Deduct Deducted Deducted Restar

    Define Defined Defined Definir

    Demand Demanded Demanded Exigir, demandar

    Deposit Deposited Deposited Depositar

    Design Designed Designed Disear

    Detail Detailed Detailed Detallar

    Determine Determined Determined Determinar

    Determine Determined Determined Determinar

    Devise Devised Devised Idear, inventar

    Devote Devoted Devoted Dedicar, consagrar

    Die Died Died Morir

  • Direct Directed Directed Dirigir

    Discover Discovered Discovered Descubrir

    Discuss Discussed Discussed Comentar, discutir

    Disregard Disregarded Disregarded Hacer caso omiso de

    Divide Divided Divided Dividir

    Effect Effected Effected Efectuar

    Elect Elected Elected Elegir

    Embrace Embraced Embraced Abarcar, abrazar

    Employ Employed Employed Emplear

    Empty Emptied Emptied Vaciar

    Enact Enacted Enacted Establecer, estatuir

    End Ended Ended Concluir, terminar

    Endorse Endorsed Endorsed Endosa