Wordlist 11 Saving the oceans مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی

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Wordlist 11 Saving the oceans Slide 2 1. Aggregation (n.) Definition: collection into an unorganized whole Synonym: collection Example: an aggregation of complainants. Word Family: aggregational, adjective reaggregation, noun subaggregation, noun Slide 3 2. Annually (adv.) Definition: once every year Synonym: per annum, once a year Example: Your starting salary is 23,000 per annum and will be reviewed annually. Word Family: interannual, adjective interannually, adverb Slide 4 3. Cargo (n.) Definition: the goods carried by a ship, aircraft, or other large vehicle Synonym: load, shipment, freight Example: The ship was carrying a cargo of wood. Word Family: Slide 5 4. Compatible (adj.) Definition: able to exist, live together, or work successfully with something or someone else Synonym: in harmony, suited, reconcilable Example: It was when we started living together that we found we just weren't compatible. Word Family: compatibility, compatibleness, noun compatibly, adverb noncompatible, adjective noncompatibly, adverb noncompatibleness, noun Slide 6 5. Conduct (n.) Definition: personal behavior; way of acting; bearing or deportment. Synonym: behavior, habits Example: Sport has a strict code of conduct. Word Family: conductible, adjective conductibility, noun nonconductibility, noun nonconductible, adjective preconduct, verb (used with object) Slide 7 6. Contribute (v.) Definition: to give something, especially money, in order to provide or achieve something together with other people Synonym: give, supply, donate Example: Come to the meeting if you feel you have something to contribute. Word Family: contributable, adjective contributive, adjective contributively, adverb contributiveness, noun noncontributable, adjective Slide 8 7. Demand (v.) Definition: to ask for something forcefully, in a way that shows that you do not expect to be refused Synonym: request, order Example: The car workers' union is demanding a seven percent pay rise this year. Word Family: demandable, adjective demander, noun counterdemand, noun overdemand, verb, noun predemand, verb (used with object) Slide 9 8. Deplete (v.) Definition: to reduce something in size or amount, especially supplies of energy, money, etc. Synonym: diminish, lessen, reduce Example: The illness depletes the body of important vitamins Word Family: nondepletable, adjective nondepletion, noun depletable, adjective depletion, noun Slide 10 9. Disappear (v.) Definition: If people or things disappear, they go somewhere where they cannot be seen or found. Synonym: vanish, withdraw Example: The search was called off for the sailors who disappeared in the storm. Word Family: nondisappearing, adjective undisappearing, adjectiv e Slide 11 10. Dispose of sth. (v.) Definition: to get rid of someone or something or deal with something so that the matter is finished Synonym: throw away. Cast out, discard Example: How did they dispose of the body? Word Family: disposingly, adverb redispose, verb (used with object), redisposed, redisposi ng. Slide 12 11. Dump (v.) Definition: to put down or drop something in a careless way Synonym: lay down. Set down, deposit Example: He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table. Word Family: dumper, noun undumped, adjective Slide 13 12. Enterprise (n.) Definition: an organization, especially a business, or a difficult and important plan, especially one that will earn money Synonym: company. corporation, organization Example: Don't forget this is a commercial enterprise - we're here to make money. Word Family: enterpriseless, adjective Slide 14 13. Erode (v.) Definition: to rub or be rubbed away gradually Synonym: scrape away, crumble, disintegrate Example: The cliffs are eroding several feet a year. Word Family: erodible, erodable, erosible, adjective erodibility, erodability, noun noneroded, adjective noneroding, adjective unerodable, adjective Slide 15 14. Facilitate (v.) Definition: to make something possible or easier Synonym: ease, smooth, assist Example: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow. Word Family: facilitative, adjective unfacilitated, adjective Slide 16 15. Indestructible (adj.) Definition: impossible to destroy or break Synonym: unbreakable, permanent, enduring. Example: Whatever the degradation, the human spirit can be indestructible. Word Family: Slide 17 16. Infinite (adj.) Definition: without limits; extremely large or great Synonym: boundless, unlimited, interminable Example: The universe is theoretically infinite. Word Family: infinitely, adverb infiniteness, noun noninfinite, adjective, noun noninfinitely, adverb noninfiniteness, noun Slide 18 17. Leftover (n.) Definition: describes part of something that has not been used or eaten when the other parts have been Synonym: remainder, dregs Example: some leftover curry from last night's meal Word Family: Slide 19 18. Malnutrition (n.) Definition: physical weakness and bad health caused by having too little food, or too little of the types of food necessary for good health Synonym: poor diet Example: Many of the refugees are suffering from severe malnutrition. Word Family: Slide 20 19. Occupy (v.) Definition: to fill, exist in, or use a place or period of time Synonym: engage fill Example: The bathroom's occupied - I think John's in there. Word Family: occupiable, adjective occupier, noun misoccupy, verb, misoccupied, misoccupying. overoccupied, adjective reoccupy, verb (used with object), reoccupied, reoccupying. Slide 21 20. Recreation (n.) Definition: (a way of) enjoying yourself when you are not working Synonym: leisure, fun, entertainment Example: His favorite recreations are golf and playing Scrabble. Word Family: recreatory, adjective Slide 22 21. Spill (v.) Definition: to (cause to) flow, move, fall, or spread over the edge or outside the limits of something Synonym: pour, run, splash Example: I spilled coffee on my silk shirt. Word Family: spillable, adjective, noun nonspillable, adjective unspilled, adjective Slide 23 22. Starvation (n.) Definition: the state of having no food for a long period, often causing death Synonym: famine, undernourishment Example: The animals had died of starvation Word Family: Slide 24 23. Steady (adj.) Definition: happening in a smooth, gradual, and regular way, not suddenly or unexpectedly Synonym: stable, firm, fixed Example: The procession moved through the streets at a steady pace. Word Family: steadily, adverb steadiness, noun oversteadily, adverb oversteadiness, noun oversteady, adjective Slide 25 24. Temporarily (adv.) Definition: not lasting or needed for very long Synonym: momentarily Example: The girl was temporarily placed with a foster- family. Word Family: temporariness, noun nontemporarily, adverb nontemporariness, noun nontemporary, adjective Slide 26 25. Terminate (v.) Definition: to (cause something to) end or stop Synonym: end, finish, cease Example: They terminated my contract in October. Word Family: terminative, adjective terminatively, adverb nonterminative, adjective nonterminatively, adverb self-terminating, adjective Slide 27 26. Toxic (adj.) Definition: poisonous Synonym: poisonous, venomous Example: toxic waste/chemicals/effluent Word Family: toxically, adverb hypertoxic, adjective nontoxic, adjective nontoxically, adverb posttoxic, adjective Slide 28 27. Trace (v.) Definition: to discover the cause or origin of something by examining the way in which it has developed Synonym: track down Example: The outbreak of food poisoning was traced to some contaminated shellfish. Word Family: Slide 29 28. Ultimately (adv.) Definition: finally, after a series of things have happened Synonym: eventually, finally Example: Everything will ultimately depend on what is said at the meeting with the directors next week. Word Family: Slide 30 29. Yield (v.) Definition: to supply or produce something positive such as a profit, an amount of food or information Synonym: produce, provide, generate Example: The investigation yielded some unexpected results. Word Family: yielder, noun outyield, verb (used with object) underyield, noun underyield, verb (used without object) unyielded, adjective Slide 31 Keshavarz