REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON HARMONIZATION OF TENTATIVE
LIST FOR WEST AFRICA
NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MUSEUMS AND MONUMENTS, NIGERIA
In collaboration with
The AFRICAN WORLD HERITAGE FUND
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I Table of Contents 2 II Executive Summary.. 3 III Report of the Regional workshop on Harmonization of UNESCO Tentative List for West Africa . 4 - 22 IV Evaluation Report 23 - 31 V Communiqu 32 - 34 VI List of Participants . 35 - 38 VII List of Coordination Team/Resource Persons 39 - 40 VIII List of Course Assistants . 41 IX List of Workshop Assistants ... 42 APPENDIX 1 43 APPENDIX 2 44 - 46
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Regional Workshop on the Harmonization of UNESCO Tentative List for English Speaking West Africa countries was held in Kano, Nigeria from 11th 15th May, 2009. The workshop was organized by the African world Heritage Fund in collaboration with the National Commission for Museums and Monuments. There were 17 participants from six West African /countries namely, Cameroun, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. There were three females and 14 males. The workshop was conducted through paper presentations, country presentations, Group work/discussions and site visit. A total of seven papers were delivered by erudite scholars from Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya. The topics covered were:-
Introduction to the world Heritage Convention
Application of the world Heritage convention in Africa
Principles and procedures for National heritage Inventories
Basic considerations in preparing a tentative list and statement of Outstanding Universal Values.
Tentative list as a Management Tool
Authenticity and Integrity
Nomination process and why dossiers fail
Some of the key issues that came out of the presentations were:- That Africa is grossly under represented on the World Heritage List out 878 sites, Africa with over 50 countries has only 76 sites, while the regional inbalance is titled against West Africa. West Africa countries should workout a regional strategy where heritage professionals should partner together in order to tap from each others competence and achieve a more balanced list of site that can have better prospects of enlistment. The Intangible aspect of African sites which strengthen them should be included in the argument of the outstanding universal value based on the presentations and discussions made about the heritage sites, the workshop was able to rank sites presented by each country. This is to be updated to provide more information about the sites. The five day workshop also involved site visits and drawing up of a communiqu. The workshop had some challenges which based on the recommendation made would be overcome in subsequent exercises.
REPORT OF THE REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON HARMONIZATION OF UNESCO TENTATIVE LIST FOR WEST AFRICA HELD IN KANO NIGERIA 11TH - 15TH MAY 2009.
The Regional Workshop on Harmonization of UNESCO Tentative List for English speaking West African Countries was held at Central Hotel-Bompai Road Kano Nigeria and was a resounding success. There were seventeen (17) participants from six West African Countries-Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Resource persons, workshop facilitators, Course Assistants and Secretariat Staff drawn from, AWHF, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria, also took active part in the workshop.
Organizers: The workshop was organized by National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Nigeria in collaboration with the African World Heritage Fund (AWHF) based in South Africa. Preliminary: The general coordinator (Yusuf Abdallah), Nigerian participants as well as the secretariat personnel arrived in Kano on Friday 8th May 2009 ahead of the workshop to ensure a hitch free event and to prepare and harmonize Nigeria tentative List which would be presented at the workshop. Other participants and resource persons started arriving on Saturday 9th May, 2009.
The coordinator welcomes a participant Directors of NCMM Nigeria exchanged from Sierra Leone peasantries with a Minister from Liberia Day one: Monday 11th May, 2009 Opening Ceremony: The formal opening which took place on Monday 11th May 2009, at 11.00 AM was witnessed by a cream of guests and dignitaries, including the following:- the Governor of Kano State, Mallam (Dr) Ibrahim Shekarau, ably
represented by his Deputy, Engineer Abdullahi Tijani Mohammed Gwarzo, the Hon. Minister, Tourism Culture and National Orientation, Senator Bello Jubril Gada, Director General, National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Dr O.J. Eboreime, and five of his Directors, Director General, NIHOTOURS, Alhaji Muzali Dantata, the Emir of Kano, Alhaji (Dr) Ado Bayero ably represented by the District Head of Gabasawa (Sarkin Dawakin Mai tuta).
NCMM Directors at the workshop
Others included His Excellency Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule Dan Masanin Kano, Nigerias former permanent representative to the UN and The attach Niger Republic in Nigeria. Heads of Federal and State establishments such as ministries of Culture and Tourism, Commerce, Education;members of the military and para-millitary organizations; representatives of NGOs such as ARADA, INTBAU, Trans-Saharan Network etc The event started with the arrival of Deputy Governor, while the Nigeria National Anthem was sung at 10.20am. Welcome Address: The Director General, National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Dr. O.J. Eboreime in his welcome speech thanked the Africa World Heritage Fund and other partners for the workshop as it was the first of its kind to be held in Kano, Nigeria. He also appreciated the Minister for accepting the invitation to serve as the Special guest of honour and Kano State Government for supporting the event. He described Heritage as what distinguishes human beings from animals maintaining that Heritage is what we have received from our ancestors as our identity; and t is our responsibility to preserve it for transmission to future generations.
Dr. O.J Ebreime (DG NCMM) welcome address Photo of some personalities during the opening
Making his own remarks on behalf of Dr. Webber Ndoro the Director, Africa World Heritage Fund, Mr. Kofi Amekudi from Ghana expressed his happiness that the workshop is taking place in Nigeria. He explained that, AWHF was established in the year 2006 to assist Africa to inscribe more sites on the World Heritage List. Other functions include:-
(i) Offering technical assistance to African sites on the World Heritage List that are in Danger. (ii) Offering assistance to African Countries in preparing submission for World Heritage Listing.
He also informed the audience about some of the activities carried out by the fund as follows:
An advocacy meeting held in Abuja, April, 2008
Training programme on nomination in Lesotho, November, 2008, in which Nigeria benefited
World Heritage and now this Kano workshop. Mr. Kofi Amekudi pointed out that, the Kano workshop was the first in the series of workshops to be held for the various regions in African and hoped that this activity would help to strengthen cooperation within the West African sub-Region. Key Note Address: The thought provoking key note address was delivered by an erudite scholar and former President, Art Council of Nigeria, and Nigerians permanent representative of the United Nation His Excellency, Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule-Danmasanin Kano. He defined Heritage as our custom and costume, our character and characteristics, our identity. He said, if we lose our Heritage, we lose our identity. In his speech, he regretted that the cultural heritage has not only been relegated but mixed with politics. According to him many are already lost, some in real danger while others are threaten by both human and natural activities. He challenged the audience to preserve and protect our cultural identity if we are not to lose our bearings. He therefore, advocated for a Cultural Revolution. To him, Africa has made a lot of contributions to world culture in the areas of writing, architecture, agriculture, science, etc. Hence, suggests the need to be proud, explore and develop the cultural heritage for the benefit of humanity. He strongly posits that civilization is rotational from Africa, to Asia, to Europe, prediction one day Africa will be in the forefront of civilization. He emphasized that Africa need to work harder if its past glorious position is to be retained. He therefore called on the Government of various African countries and to take Heritage preservation, protection and promotion seriously. He advocated that culture should be used to promote unity within the Country. He acknowledged the fact that we can make Africa great through our Heritage that produces leaders and not looters, democrats not dictators: statesmen not warriors. Good Will Message The Emir (King) of Kano who was represented by the District Head of Gabasawa-Sarkin Dawakin Mituta. In his goodwill message which came after a cultural display welcomed all delegates and participants within and outside Nigeria to the workshop in the ancient City of Kano. He made a passionate appeal to the Government at all levels for the protection, preservation and conservation of the Kano City Walls and other Heritage Sites. In conclusion, he re-iterates the preparedness of the Emirate Council of Kano to continue in the protection of all Heritage properties as the council is the custodian of culture.
Cultural display at the workshop
Ministers Address The Honourable Minister, Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, Senator Bello Jubril Gada, in his speech commended the brains behind the African World Heritage Fund for choosing Nigeria to host the Maiden Edition of the West African sub-regional workshop on Harmonization of World Heritage Tentative List. He mentioned that Heritage is a priceless asset of humanity as well as fundamental basis of existence and an instrument for promoting cohesion within plural societies; hence the workshop is timely especially in the current economic meltdown in the World.
Hon Minister,Bello Gada, Tourism, Culture & National Orientation delivered his address
He noted that, the West Africa sub-region is grossly under-represented on the World Heritage List and he therefore believed that the workshop would be a means to facilitate more inscriptions of sites into the World Heritage List within the West Africa sub-region. He informed that the Federal Government Nigeria has set up two key committees on conservation and presentation of the Heritage Resources and a Presidential Committee on the revitalization of the National Museums and Archives. This is to upgrade the museums and heritage and their integration in national development. In addition, the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation is being repositioned to empower the local community through eco-museums projects that would cultivate environmental resources for creative enterprise. DECLARATION OF THE WORKSHOP
The Deputy Governor Kano State some participates at the opening ceremony declared the workshop open The workshop was declared opened by the Governor of Kano State Mallam Ibrahim Shekarau through His Deputy, Engr. Abdullahi Mohammed Gwarzo who reiterated government resolved to protect and conserve the Heritage property in Kano State especially the Kano City Walls and associated sites. Towards this a committee on the protection of Monuments and Sites would be put in place. This committee is to fashion out best way for the preservation and protection of heritage properties.
Group photograph Yusuf Abdallah Usman thanks all A vote of thanks was given by the workshop coordinator, Mr. Yusuf Abdallah Usman, He extended appreciation to all who were present and those who made the programme a huge success.
This session came to a close with a Muslim prayer by Alhaji Tijani Sunusi. WORKSHOP A total number of eight papers were presented by the following resource persons: - Dr. O.J. Eboreime from Nigeria, Dr Mzalendo Kibunjia from Kenya, Bar. Esther Kiege from Kenya, Mr. Kofi Amekudi from Ghana and Mr. Jacob Mhando Nyangila from Africa World Heritage Fund, South Africa. The following areas were covered:
- Application of the World Heritage Convention in Africa - Principles and procedures for National Heritage inventories - Introduction to African World Heritage Fund - Introduction to Kano State World Heritage Convention Processes - 1. Tentative List and Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage Convention
- 2. The 1972 World Heritage Convention - Authenticity and Integrity - Nomination process and why dossiers fail.
Day One: Afternoon Session of the Workshop - Coordinated by Kofi Amekudi Methodology The workshop was administered through paper presentations, Country presentations, group work/presentation and discussions in addition to site visits.
The first paper was delivered by Dr O.J. Eboreime, the Director General of National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Nigeria, on Application of the World Heritage Convention in Africa. This session was coordinated by Mr. Kofi Amekudi from Ghana.
Participants & Resources persons in
a group photograph
Dr. O.J. Eboreime highlighted the need for the Identification, Protection and Presentation of Africa Cultural and Natural Heritage. He mentioned the lack of West African experts in the various UNESCO World Heritage Committees. He therefore called on African Countries to play more active role in these committees such as ICOMOS, IUCN ICCROM, etc. His paper also showed clearly the need for West Africa countries to work together and pursue a common heritage goal.
Paper 2 tilted Principles and procedures for National Heritage inventories presented by Dr. Mzalendo Kibunjia. In his presentation, he was of the opinion that to get a site into the World Heritage List, one must be able to argue convincingly about its Universal Outstanding Value which should include a summary of the values that makes the site exceptional...