Yangın Algılama Ve İhbar Sistemlerinin Bağlantıları Ve Montajı

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Yangn Alglama Ve hbar Sistemlerinin Balantlar Ve Montaj

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<ul><li><p>T.C. </p><p>MLL ETM BAKANLII </p><p>ELEKTRK-ELEKTRONK TEKNOLOJS </p><p>YANGIN ALGILAMA VE HBAR SSTEMLERNN BALANTILARI VE </p><p>MONTAJI </p><p>Ankara, 2012 </p></li><li><p> Bu modl, mesleki ve teknik eitim okul/kurumlarnda uygulanan ereve retim Programlarnda yer alan yeterlikleri kazandrmaya ynelik olarak rencilere rehberlik etmek amacyla hazrlanm bireysel renme materyalidir. </p><p> Mill Eitim Bakanlnca cretsiz olarak verilmitir. </p><p> PARA LE SATILMAZ. </p></li><li><p> i </p><p>AIKLAMALAR .................................................................................................................... v GR ....................................................................................................................................... 1 RENME FAALYET1 .................................................................................................... 2 1. YANMA, YANGIN VE YANGIN ALGILAMA KONTROL PANEL VE KONTROL PANELNN MONTAJINI YAPMAK .................................................................................... 2 </p><p>1.1. Yangnn Doas ........................................................................................................... 2 1.1.1. Yanma, Yanmann eitleri ................................................................................... 2 1.1.2. Yanmann rnleri ................................................................................................ 3 1.1.3. Yangn, Yangn Snflar ........................................................................................ 5 1.1.4. Yangnn Oluum Safhalar ................................................................................... 6 1.1.5. Yangnn Sebepleri ve Etkenleri ............................................................................ 7 1.1.6. Yangn Yerindeki Tehlikeler ................................................................................. 9 </p><p>1.2. Yangn Trleri ............................................................................................................. 11 1.2.1. LPG Yangnlar .................................................................................................... 11 1.2.2. Doal Gaz Yangnlar .......................................................................................... 11 1.2.3. Akaryakt Yangnlar ........................................................................................... 12 1.2.4. Baca Yangnlar ................................................................................................... 12 1.2.5. Elektrik Yangnlar .............................................................................................. 13 1.2.6. Orman Yangnlar ................................................................................................ 14 1.2.7. Ara Yangnlar ................................................................................................... 14 1.2.8. Bina Yangnlar .................................................................................................... 15 </p><p>1.3. Yangn Sndrc Maddeler ve Yangn Sndrme lkeleri ....................................... 15 1.3.1. Yangn Snflarna Gre Sndrc Maddeler .................................................... 15 1.3.2. Yangn Sndrme Cihazlar ................................................................................ 16 1.3.3. Yangn Sndrme Prensipleri .............................................................................. 17 </p><p>1.4. Yangn Alglama Kontrol Paneli ................................................................................. 18 1.4.1. Yangn Alarm ve hbar Sistemi(YAVS) ............................................................ 18 1.4.2. Yangn Alarm Kontrol Panelinin Yerinin aretlenmesi ..................................... 19 1.4.3. Yangn Alarm Kontrol Panelinin Sabitlenmesi ................................................... 21 1.4.4. Yangn hbar Sistemi Otomatik Telefon Balants ............................................ 21 1.4.5. Yangn hbar Sistemi G Kaynaklar ................................................................. 23 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 26 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 30 </p><p>RENME FAALYET2 .................................................................................................. 32 2. YANGIN HBAR DEDEKTRLER BALANTILARINI VE MONTAJINI YAPMAK ................................................................................................................................................ 32 </p><p>2.1. Yangn Alarm Blgelerinin Belirlenmesi ................................................................... 32 2.1.1. Yangn hbar Sistemlerinin eitleri ................................................................... 32 2.1.2. Yangn Alarm Blgelerinin Tespiti ve Projelendirilmesi .................................... 34 </p><p>2.2. Dedektrler ................................................................................................................. 36 2.2.1. Dedektrlerin Mekanik Yaps ............................................................................ 36 2.2.2. Dedektrlerin Elektriksel Balants .................................................................... 36 2.2.3. Dedektr Alglama zellikleri ............................................................................ 40 </p><p>2.3. Dedektr eitleri ....................................................................................................... 41 2.3.1. Duman Dedektrleri ............................................................................................ 41 2.3.2. Scaklk Dedektrleri ........................................................................................... 42 </p><p>NDEKLER </p></li><li><p> ii </p><p>2.3.3. Alev Dedektrleri ................................................................................................ 42 2.3.4. Gaz Alglayclar .................................................................................................. 44 </p><p>2.4. Dedektr ve Dier Ekipmanlarn Yerletirilme Kurallar ........................................... 44 2.4.1. Noktasal Dedektr Yerleimi .............................................................................. 45 2.4.2. Is Dedektrlerinin Yerleimi .............................................................................. 45 2.4.3. InTipi Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ........................................................................ 48 2.4.4. Duman Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ......................................................................... 49 2.4.4. Alev Tipi Dedektrlerin Yerleimi ..................................................................... 53 </p><p>2.5. Dedektr Yerleiminde Yaplan Yanllar .................................................................. 53 2.5.1. Yaplan Uygulama Hatalar ve Doru Uygulama Esaslar .................................. 54 2.5.2. Yangn hbar Projelerinde Dedektr Yerleimleri ............................................... 57 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 60 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 63 </p><p>RENME FAALYET3 .................................................................................................. 65 3. SESL VE IIKLI YANGIN ALARM CHAZLARI ........................................................ 65 </p><p>3.1. Sesli ve Ikl Cihazlar ................................................................................................ 65 3.1.1. Sesli Alarm Cihazlar ........................................................................................... 66 3.1.2. Ikl Alarm Cihazlar .......................................................................................... 66 3.1.3. Sesli ve Ikl Alarm Cihazlarnn Balantlar .................................................... 67 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 70 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 72 </p><p>RENME FAALYET4 .................................................................................................. 73 4. YANGIN HBAR BUTONLARI ....................................................................................... 73 </p><p>4.1. Yangn hbar Butonlar Yerleimi ............................................................................... 73 4.2. Yangn hbar Butonlar Tipleri ................................................................................... 76 </p><p>4.2.1. Sistemlere Gre Yangn Alarm Buton eitleri .................................................. 76 4.2.2. Mekanik ve alma Tiplerine Gre Yangn Alarm Butonlar ............................ 76 4.2.3. eitlerine Gre Buton Balantlar .................................................................... 77 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 80 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................... 83 </p><p>RENME FAALYET5 .................................................................................................. 84 5. YANGIN ACL YNLENDRME LEVHALARI ............................................................ 84 </p><p>5.1. Yerleim ...................................................................................................................... 84 5.1.1. Acil Ynlendirme ve Aydnlatma Armatrleri Yerleim Kurallar ..................... 85 </p><p>5.2. Acil Aydnlatma Ik Dzeyleri .................................................................................. 93 5.3. Acil Aydnlatma Sresi ............................................................................................... 93 5.4. k aretleri ............................................................................................................. 93 5.5. ebeke Balantlar ..................................................................................................... 94 </p><p>5.5.1. Armatrlerin alma ekline Gre Snflar ...................................................... 94 5.5.2. Armatrlerin Besleme Durumlarna Gre eitleri ............................................. 95 </p><p>5.6. Test ve Bakm ............................................................................................................. 97 5.6.1. Gnlk Kontrol .................................................................................................... 97 5.6.2. Aylk Kontrol ....................................................................................................... 97 5.6.3. Yllk Kontrol ...................................................................................................... 97 5.6.4. Bakm................................................................................................................... 97 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET .............................................................................................. 98 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................. 100 </p></li><li><p> iii </p><p>RENME FAALYET6 ................................................................................................ 101 6. YANGIN SNDRME SSTEMLER ........................................................................... 101 </p><p>6.1. Yangn Sndrme Sistemleri .................................................................................... 101 6.1.1. Sulu Sndrme Sistemleri ................................................................................. 101 6.1.2. Gazl Sndrme Sistemleri ................................................................................ 102 6.1.3. Kpkl Sndrme Sistemleri ........................................................................... 102 </p><p>6.2. Yangn Sndrme Sistemlerinin zellikleri ............................................................. 103 6.3. Tanabilir Yangn Tpleri ve Montaj ..................................................................... 104 </p><p>6.3.1. Tanabilir Yangn Tp Kullanm ................................................................... 105 6.3. Otomatik Sndrme Sistemleri ................................................................................. 107 </p><p>6.3.1. Sulu Otomatik Sndrme Sistemleri ................................................................. 107 6.3.1. Gazl Otomatik Sndrme Sistemleri ............................................................... 108 </p><p>UYGULAMA FAALYET ............................................................................................ 110 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................. 112 </p><p>RENME FAALYET7 ................................................................................................ 114 7. YANGIN HBAR SSTEMLER ALTYAPI TESSATLARI ........................................ 114 </p><p>7.1. Kablo zellikleri ....................................................................................................... 114 7.2. Kablo Kullanm Alanlar ........................................................................................... 115 </p><p>7.2.1. Alglama Kablolar ............................................................................................ 115 7.2.2. Alarm Kablolar ................................................................................................. 116 </p><p>7.3. Kablo Tesisat ........................................................................................................... 116 UYGULAMA FAALYET ............................................................................................ 119 LME VE DEERLENDRME .................................................................................. 122 </p><p>MODL DEERLENDRME ............................................................................................ 123 CEVAP ANAHTARLARI ................................................................................................... 125 KAYNAKA ....................................................................................................................... 128 </p></li><li><p> iv </p></li><li><p> v </p><p>AIKLAMALAR KOD 523EO0117 </p><p>ALAN Elektrik-Elektronik Teknolojisi </p><p>DAL/MESLEK Gvenlik Sistemleri </p><p>MODLN ADI Yangn Alglama ve hbar Sistemlerinin Balantlar </p><p>MODLN TANIMI Yangn alglama ve ihbar sistemleri, balantlar ile ilgili bilgi ve beceri kazandrld bir renme materyalidir. </p><p>SRE 40/32 </p><p>N KOUL </p><p>YETERLK </p><p>Yangn alglama ve ihbar sistemleri ile ilgili projeleri okuyarak, ynetmelikler ve projeye uygun olarak montajn yapmak </p><p>MODLN AMACI </p><p>Genel Ama Yangn alglama ve ihbar sistemlerinin montaj ve balantlarn yapabileceksiniz. Amalar 1. Yanma, yangn ve yangn alglama kontrol paneli ve </p><p>kontrol panelinin montajn hatasz yapabileceksiniz. 2. Yangn ihbar dedektrleri, balantlarn ve </p><p>montajn hatasz yapabileceksiniz. 3. Sesli ve kl yangn alarm cihazlarnn </p><p>balantlarn hatasz yapabileceksiniz. 4. Yangn ihbar butonlarnn balantlarn hatasz </p><p>yapabileceksiniz. </p><p>5. Yangn acil ynlendirme levhalarn hatasz kullanabileceksiniz. </p><p>6. Yangn...</p></li></ul>