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Yaroslavl Roadmap 10-15-20: Russian

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  • 10-15-20:

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  • - (New York Academy of Sciences, NYAS) . 200 1817 , , . , - -, . : - , , . , , , , , , . NYAS 26 , , , .

    - - www.nyas.org.

    , - 250, 40- . -, - 10007-2157.: 212-298-8600

    The New York Academy of Sciences, August 20, 2010, All Rights Reserved

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    : (Karin Ezbiansky Pavese), - (Chris Hayter), - (Daniel Satinsky), Russia Innovation Collaborative B.E.A. Associates

    : (Mattias Chesley),- (Ben Levitan), - (Christopher Cooke),

    :- (Chet Bowling), Alinga Consulting Group- (Michael Crow), - (Arizona State University)- (Maria Douglass), ImPart- (Esther Dyson), EDventure Holdings Inc.- (Alexei Eliseev), - Maxwell Biotech- (Yoanna Gouchtchina), - Investment Advisory Group- (Trevor Gunn), - Medtronic Inc.- (Mianheng Jiang), - (Chinese Academy of Sciences)- (Alexandra Johnson), - DFJ VTB Aurora- (Klaus Kleinfeld), , - Alcoa Inc.- (Martti Launonen), . (Vantaa Innovation Institute)- (Richard Lester), Industrial Performance Center, - (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)- (Randi Levinas), - - (U.S.-Russia Business Council)- (Tidu Maini), - (Qatar Science & Technology Park)- (Valentin Makarov), - (RUSSOFT)- (Sam Pitroda), (National Knowledge Commission)- (William Pomeranz), (Kennan Center), - (Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars)- (Ilya Ponomarev), , - , - (Timothy Post), - RuNet Labs

    - . (John T. Preston), C Change Investments, - Continuum Energy Technologies, LLC- John Rose ( ), Rose Creative Strategies- (Ellis Rubinstein), - - (Blair Ruble), - (Kennan Center), - (Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars)- (Anna Lee Saxenian), - (University of California, Berkeley)- (Michael Sohlman), - . (Joseph E. Stiglitz), - (Columbia University)- (Nam Pyo Suh), (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)- (Alexis Sukharev), Auriga Inc.- (Johan Vanderplaetse), - Emerson- (Jeroen van der Veer), - Royal Dutch Shell- (Ed Verona), - (U.S.-Russia Business Council)- (Vivek Wadhwa), Senior Research Associate, Labor and Worklife Program, Harvard Law School- (Kendrick White), - Marchmont Capital- - (Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker), Human Frontier Science Program- (Julie Meier Wright), , . - (San Diego Regional Economic Development Corporation)- (Philip Yeo), ( -, ) - SPRING, Singapore

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    1 ................................................................................................................................................ 2 ........................................................................................................................................................... 3 ..................................................................................................................................................... 4 ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

    5 .................................................................................................................................................................. 5 ........................................................................................ 6................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 ............................................................................................................................................................ 8 ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9 1973 .............................................................................................................................................................. 11 BIRD ............................................................................................................................................. 13 1980- ................................................................................................................................ 14 ............................................................................................ 17 ............................................................................................. 17 ................................................................................................. 18

    19 ................................................................................................................................................................ 19 ................................................................................ 20................................................................................................................................................................................. 22 .......................................................................................................................................................... 22 ........................................................................................................................................................................... 23 ........................................................................ 23 .............................................................................................. 28 ...................................................................................... 31

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    ................................................................................................................................................................ 35 ............................................................................................ 36................................................................................................................................................................................. 38 .......................................................................................................................................................... 38 .............................................................................................................................................................................. 39 ................................................................................................................ 40 ........................................................................................................................................................ 42 ................................................................ 42 ............................................................................................................ 43- ..................................................................................................................... 44 (ARPA-E) ......................... 47 (TIP) ...................................................................................................... 47 .................................................................................................. 48 - ...................................................................................... 51 MIT ................................................................................................................ 54: ........................................................................................................................................................ 56

  • v 59 ................................................................................................................................................................ 59 .............................................................................................60................................................................................................................................................................................. 62 .......................................................................................................................................................... 62 ................................................................................................... 63 : ................................................................... 63 : ................................................................................................................................. 65 : ................................................................... 66IT- .............................................................................................................................................. 69 ........................................................................................................................................... 70 ............................................................................72

    75 ................................................................................................................................................................ 75 ........................................................................................76................................................................................................................................................................................. 78 .......................................................................................................................................................... 78 .................................................................................................................................................. 791970- ITRI........................................................................................................................................ 80 ...................................... 83 ...................................................................................................... 84 ....................................................................................................... 86 ........................................... 86: ................................................................. 87 .................................................................................................................................................... 88 .......................................................................................................................... 88

    89 ................................................................................................................................................................ 89 ....................................................................................................................................................... 91 1990- ....................................................................................................................................................... 91 2000- ......................................................................................................................................... 93 ................................................................... 94 .................................................................................................................................................... 94 , ..............................................................97 ..................................................................................................................................................... 100 ................................................. 100 .................................................................................................................... 101 ............................................................................................................................... 103 ................................................................................................................ 103SWOT- ............................................................................................ 104 ........................................................................................................................................................ 104 ........................................................................................................................................................... 104 ............................................................................................................................................... 104...................................................................................................................................................................... 104

    10715 ........................................................................................... 10720 ........................................................................................................... 121.................................................................................................................................................................... 123

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    1 . (Growth Theory and After). , (, ). 8 1987 .

    2 . . : DARPA (The Connected Science Model for Innovation: The DARPA Role) XXI :...