Двоичное кодирование звука, изображения

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    23-Dec-2014

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2. 2 , : 0 1. : , , .. , ! 1001011 3. 3 , : 0 ; 1 . . , . , , , , : , , . 4. 5. 5 (, , , ). (, ), , , , , , , 6. 6 : X , , 7. 7 , , , ( ), - ( ) , () . , 8. 9. 9 10. 10 () - , . : (), , (, , ) ( , , , ) ( , ) 11. 11 : RGB , , , , : (Red), (Green), (Blue) CMYK , 12. 12 RGB , , ( RGB), 13. 13 True Color , RGB 3 (.. 24 ) - 1 (.. 8 ) , RGB- 0 255 ( 28 =256 ), , 16 777 216 True Color ( ), 14. 14 , ( ) 12801024 . .. 1280 * 1024 = 1310720 . 32 : 32 *1310720 = 41943040 = 5242880 = 5120 = 5 15. 15 (, , ). . , , , , 16. 16 ( ), ( ) : BMP GIF JPEG TIFF PNG 17. 17 Bit MaP image (BMP) , Windows. , Paint. Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) , . . . 18. 18 Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) , . , . , (, ) ( ) ( 256). Web- Portable Network Graphic (PNG) , GIF. Web- Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG) , ( JPEG) . , . . Web- 19. 19 : ? , 3 ? RGB? : 800600, 16 . 20. 20 : , , , , , , 21. 21 22. 22 . . 16- . N = 2I = 216 = 65536 23. 23 ? , . , . , 10-12 , 24. 24 , ( ), ( ) 25. 25 . Video for Windows, AVI (Audio Video Interleave ) , . MPEG (Motion Picture Expert Group). , MPEG, DivX (Digital Video Express). DivX , - 4,7 DVD- 650 26. 26 MIDI - , , , ( ) WAV , ( bmp ). (15 1 ) MP3 , ( 11 ). 320 / 4- - APE ( ) , 2 27. 27 (multimedia, . multi - media - , ) - , : , , , , , , . ( ) , , 28. 28 60- , . = 1 (1 = 8 ). 29. 29 1 1 (8 ) , 1 0, , 1 256 28 =256 30. 30 , 00000000 11111111 ( 0 255) , , 31. 31 , (), . IBM PC ASCII (American Standart Code for Information Interchange) 32. 32 ASCII , .. 0 (00000000) 127 (0111111). , , , . 128 . . 5 (8, 1251, 866, Mac, ISO). Unicode, . 65536 (216 = 65536 ) . 33. 33 ASCII 34. 34 8 ( , 8- ) 35. 35 Microsoft Windows, CP1251 ("CP" "Code Page", " "). 36. 36 90- , MS DOS, CP866. 37. 37 Apple, Mac OS, Mac. 38. 38 (International Standards Organization, ISO) ISO 8859-5. 39. 39 40. 40 ASCII Windows-1251 (CP1251) 41. 41 , , , . . , , 256 . 1 1 , ; , , 150 ; 40 , 60 . 40x60=2400 . : 2400 150 = 360 000 42. 42 ! ASCII - . , (. ). 57. ASCII. 0011010100110111. , 00111001. 43. 43 : ? ASCII- , , . Windows-1251: 0011010100100000111000011110000011101011111 010111110111011100010 , , : - , ! 44. 44 : : 800600, 16 . 64*64 1,5 . ? ( ), 64*64 , , 256 . . , 28800/, 800*600 , , 16 ? 10*10 . 1200*1200 dpi, 24 . ?

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