онтологии верхнего уровня

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<ul><li>1. . 2010 </li></ul> <p>2. Top-level : 1. BFO 2. ConceptNet 3. DOLCE 4. OCHRE 5. PROTON 6. SUMO 7. UpperCYC 8. YAGO 9. YAMATO 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. Meta/top-level/domain 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. URL 4. BFO IFOMIS (Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science, Saarland University) 36 Meta , , . ( ). , OWL KIF , BFO; . http://www.ifomis.org/bfo 5. Continuant () Spatial Region ( ) Independent Continuant ( ) Dependent Continuant ( ) Volume () Line () Surface () Point () Site () Object Aggregate ( ) Object () Fiat Part of Object ( ) Boundary of Object ( ) Reliable Entity ( ) Disposition () Role () Quality () Function () SNAP 6. Occurent () Processual Entity ( ) Temporal Region ( ) Processual Context ( ) Process Aggregate ( ) Process () Boundary of Process ( ) SPAN Scattered Spatiotemporal Region ( - ) Connected Spatiotemporal Region ( - ) Spatiotemporal Interval (- ) Spatiotemporal Instant (- ) Scattered Temporal Region ( ) Connected Temporal Region ( ) Temporal Interval ( ) Temporal Instant ( ) Fiat Part of Process ( ) Spatiotemporal Region (- ) 7. ConceptNet MIT Media Lab 1029711 356277 , 233423 , 15000 , , , , ; : . (common sence). (Python) , - , , http://csc.media.mit.edu/conceptnet 8. DOLCE Laboratory for Applied Ontology (LOA) 100 , 100 20 Meta - , BFO; , .. top-level . First-Order Logic; OWL, , OWL KIF WonderWeb http://www.loa-cnr.it/DOLCE.html 9. Entity Abstract Quality Perdurant Endurant Physical Endurant Arbitrary Sum Non-physical Endurant . Amount of Matter Physical Object Feature Agentive Physical Object Non-Agentive Physical Object Non-physical Object Mental Object Social Object Agentive Social Object Non-Agentive Social Object Social Agent Society Stative Event Accomplishment Achievement Process State 10. Entity Abstract Quality Perdurant Endurant Abstract Quality Physical Quality Temporal Quality Temporal Location Spatial Location Set Region Fact Abstract Region Physical Region Temporal Region Time Interval Space Region 11. OCHRE University of Chicago 20 Meta , , . . XML, XMLSchema . http://ochre.lib.uchicago.edu/index.htm 12. Item Spatial unit Taxonomic unit Temporal unit Agency unit Resource unit Bibliographic unit Discourse unit Epigraphic unit Script unit Lexical unit , List Hierarchy Relationship Query Text Taxonomy 13. PROTON Ontotext Lab, Sirma Group 300 100 top-level . . OWL Lite SEKT Project (Semantic Web) http://proton.semanticweb.org/ 14. Entity Abstract Object Happening Event Situation Time Interval Role Job Position Statement Agent Service Product Location Group Person Organization Information Resource Document Contact Information General Term Number Topic Language 15. SUMO IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 1000 5000 top-level . . KIF, OWL . http://www.ontologyportal.org/index.html 16. physical () process () object () self connected object ( ) region () collection () agent () substance () corpuscular object ( ) content bearing object ( ) food () hole () astronomical body ( ) geographic area ( ) group () organization () sentient agent ( ) geopolitical area ( ) group () organism () dual object process ( ) intentional process ( ) motion () internal change ( ) shape change ( ) 17. abstract () graph element ( ) graph () proposition () relation () set or class ( ) attribute () quantity () number () real number ( ) imaginary number ( ) complex number ( ) physical quantity ( ) constant quantity ( ) unit of measure ( ) function quantity ( ) internal attribute ( ) relational attribute ( ) saturation attribute ( ) physical state ( ) breakability attribute ( ) perceptual attribute ( ) biological attribute ( ) shape attribute ( ) positional attribute ( ) truth value ( ) social role ( ) biological attribute ( ) time zone ( ) single valued relation ( ) total valued relation ( ) partial valued relation ( ) binary relation ( ) ternary relation ( ) spatial relation ( ) temporal relation ( ) quaternary relation ( ) list () predicate () 18. UpperCYC Cycorp, Inc. 3000 Meta top-level , , , , . . CycL CYC OpenCYC http://glotta.ntua.gr/StateoftheArt/Ontologies/cov er.html 19. YAGO 2 20 Meta- ; WordNet , , , , ( - ; ). ( - ). , , - . http://www.mpi-inf.mpg.de/yago-naga/yago/downloads.html 20. YAMATO Mizoguchi Lab, Osaka University 1000 Meta top-level , , , . . XML ( HOZO) : , , . http://www.ei.sanken.osaka- u.ac.jp/hozo/onto_library/upperOnto.htm 21. Entity Dependent Entity Entity Substrate Time Space Substance Functional Morphologial whole Agent Occurent () Continuant () Quality value Quality Non-unitary Object Living organism Chemical compound Artifact Physical Abstract Semi-abstract - Mind Content Representation Representation form Quality- Quantity - Role Feature Generic quality Property Categorical Quantity 22. , . OWL -, , . . , . . ad hoc, . . 23. ! </p>

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