кодирование информации в компьютере

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<ol><li> 1. www.klyaksa.net </li><li> 2. www.klyaksa.net , , 0 1. 0 1 ( . binary digit ). </li><li> 3. www.klyaksa.net , , .. . , . </li><li> 4. www.klyaksa.net , , , , : , , . </li><li> 5. www.klyaksa.net . , . . </li><li> 6. www.klyaksa.net : , ( ) . 0,7 7 70 , ( ) . XIX </li><li> 7. www.klyaksa.net . : I(1), V(5), X(10), L(50), C(100), D(500), M(1000). . MCMXCVIII = 1000+(1000-100)+(100-10)+5+1+1+1 = 1998 </li><li> 8. www.klyaksa.net , , .. ! XIX . , , . </li><li> 9. www.klyaksa.net , , . 10 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 2 0, 1 8 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 16 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F </li><li> 10. www.klyaksa.net 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 10 11 100 101 110 111 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 1110 1111 10000 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 20 8 9 A B C D E F 10 </li><li> 11. www.klyaksa.net 60- , . = 1 (1 = 8 ). </li><li> 12. www.klyaksa.net . , 1 0, , 1 256 . 28 =256 </li><li> 13. www.klyaksa.net , 00000000 11111111 ( 0 255). , , . </li><li> 14. www.klyaksa.net , (), . . IBM PC ASCII (American Standart Code for Information Interchange) . </li><li> 15. www.klyaksa.net ASCII , .. 0 (00000000) 127 (0111111). , , , . 128 . . 5 (8, 1251, 866, Mac, ISO). Unicode, . 65536 (216 = 65536 ) . </li><li> 16. www.klyaksa.net ASCII </li><li> 17. www.klyaksa.net ASCII </li><li> 18. www.klyaksa.net ! ASCII - . , . 57. ASCII. 00110101 00110111. 00111001. ! </li><li> 19. www.klyaksa.net . . </li><li> 20. www.klyaksa.net () . - ( , 1, 0). 2 . 8 3 . 16 4 . 256 8 (1 ). : , , . .. RGB. . 4 294 967 296 (True Color) 32 (4 ). </li><li> 21. www.klyaksa.net (, , ). . . </li><li> 22. www.klyaksa.net . , , , . . . </li><li> 23. www.klyaksa.net ASCII- , , . , ? ? ? . . ? </li><li> 24. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 102 28 210 </li><li> 25. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 112 38 310 </li><li> 26. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 1012 58 510 </li><li> 27. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 1112 78 710 </li><li> 28. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 10002 108 810 </li><li> 29. www.klyaksa.net ? ? , . : 10012 118 910 </li><li> 30. www.klyaksa.net . : - "". - ? </li></ol>

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