Количество информации_лекция

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    08-Aug-2015

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<ol><li> 1. 1 </li><li> 2. </li><li> 3. </li><li> 4. (Binary DigiT - ) . ( 0 1), . , , . . (Byte) . , . </li><li> 5. , , , , 210 = 1024 , 220 = 1048576 210 = 1024 , 230 220 = 1048576 210 = 1024 , 240 230 220 = 1048576 210 = 1024 , 250 240 230 220 = 1048576 , 260 250 240 230 , 270 260 250 240 , 280 270 260 250 </li><li> 6. :8 :1024 :1024 :1024 1024 1024 1024 8 </li><li> 7. </li><li> 8. (), . , , . </li><li> 9. () () . , . . , . </li><li> 10. , . , , , 16 , . . , , - Orbit, 16 8, ( , , 1 ). , , , - !, . , , , 4 . http://www.klyaksa.net/htm/kopilka/uchp/index.htm , </li><li> 11. () () . , , . ( binary digit - ) </li><li> 12. N - ( ) I - ( ) N = 2I : ? ? </li><li> 13. 1 : , . ? ? N = 2I : N = 2 I = ? 2 = 2 I I = 1 </li><li> 14. 2 : 2, 3, 4, 5. ? ? N = 2I : N = 4 I = ? 4 = 2 I I = 2 </li><li> 15. 3 -. 8 8. ? N = 2I : N = 64 I = ? 64 = 2 I I = 6 </li><li> 16. 4 -. 8 8. 35 ? N = 2I : N = 64 35 = 29 I = ? 2 I 29 I = 5 </li><li> 17. 5 , 16 ? N = 2I N = 16 I = ? I = 5 </li><li> 18. 6 7 . ? N = 2I I = 7 N = ? N = 27 N = 128 </li><li> 19. 1. 32 . , ? 2. 15 . ? 3. 1 N 10 . N? </li><li> 20. () , . ( ) . () </li><li> 21. </li><li> 22. N ( ) I ( , ) N = 2I 33 : 2 I 33, .. I = 6 </li><li> 23. P I ( , ) K . P = IK </li><li> 24. 6 - 6 . 12 . N = 2I : N = 6 K = 12 P - ? 2 I 6 I = 3 P = IK P = 3 12 = 36 </li><li> 25. 1. 300 . 50 . ? 2. 12 -. . 256 ? </li><li> 26. </li><li> 27. N () I ( , ) N = 2I 60 . : 2 I 60, .. I = 6 </li><li> 28. P I M L ( ) P = IML L M </li><li> 29. 6 640320 128 . ? N = 2I : N = 128 ML = 640320 P - ? 2 I 128 I = 7 P = IML P = 7 640 320 = 1433600 = 175 </li><li> 30. P I ML ( ) C P = IML L M </li><li> 31. </li><li> 32. N I ( ) N = 2I </li><li> 33. .. 19 . , 2009-2010 P () ( ) I ( ) V ( ) C (C=1 , C=2 ) T ( ) P = IVCT </li><li> 34. 7 : I = 16 V = 44,1 T = 3 18 = 2 P - ? 44,1 = 44100 3 18 = 198 P = IV C T = 244100 16 198 = = 279417600 = 34927200 34108,6 33,3 P = IVCT 16 44,1 , 3 18 . </li><li> 35. () () (I) , , (I) N = 2 I N = 2 I (N) , , (N) N = 2 I N = 2 I (P) P = IK P = IMLC P = IVCT </li></ol>