Зимний дворец Петра I

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  1. 1. I - 2014
  2. 2. 3 9 8 7 2 5 4 1 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 6 I, , - , - , - XX 1992. - , - XVIII. , , , - . - - , , - I, - - , . , - , - , - , . - - , - , , - , - . , . - , - . - 2014 2 1 10 13 14 11 15 1612 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - - .. I, - - .., , - .. - . - - . - ... 3
  3. 3. - - -, . , , , - , . -- , - , - - . , , . , , . , - , - . - , - , - - . - , , - , . - - , - - XX. . -, ., 32 10.3017.00 ( ) 10.3016.00 () www.hermitagemuseum.org (812) 710 90 79 , (812) 571 84 46 100 ., I - - I , - - , ( - ), ( - ) 4 -
  4. 4. , - . - - , - , - . , 89- , - I . , - , , - I. , - , - . - - -, , - - . - I . - - - . - - . , - - , , . Wi- - - - ( ) 200. - - 5 - ( ) 5000 - (812)71090 79, - - - - . 5
  5. 5. I 1712 I - 1992 - . - - , - - , , , . , , , 32, - (100- ) . , , , ( ) - . , - , , - . - , . , - - II - ( ) - , , . I - , , . 19761984- - , , , , , . - - , 1783, , , . 1785 - -- , - . - , . ( I), XVIII 6
  6. 6. 1716 1720 - . - , XXI. - - - . - : - - - . 20052013 - - 700 - . , - , . - , - - , - - . - 2010, - - : - , , - - , - - . I 1726 - , . - , - . , , - , , - . - , , - 17271730- - , . 1980 7
  7. 7. 1783 1785 - , , - , - , - . XVIII - . - , , - - . -, - - , , - , , - , 1996 - . , - . , , - , . - , , - - . - - : - ? , - XVIII , - - . - - : . - , , - , , , , - . , - , - - , , . - - , - , , , , -. , - , : - , . - . . : - , , , . - . . - , , . I I, 1725 8 .-. I, 1717
  8. 8. , , I -, , 1976 1992 1996 I , 17261727 - , - - , . XVIII - . , - - - . - - 70- XX. , - , - . 19851987 - , - I. , - , - , - - . - , - . , - XX, - . - , - - -- . , , - . - - , . , - , , , . - - , - - . - - , . , , , , . , , . , 1670 , XVIII - . : - r, - , , - , - , . - , - , - . , . , 9 .-. I, 1717
  9. 9. - . - XVIII. , . : - - , , - , . - . , - , - - , - . - - , , . - . 1720 - , , , - . - , - , - , , , - . - - . , 1980- - . - , - ( 2011). - - - - . - , , (), , - , . - - , 1703. XVIII - , . - . , , , . - , , , , - , , - . - . - , , - - - . - , - . - , , - , - , . - , , - 10
  10. 10. , - . - - , - . - . , - , - , . - , . , , - , . - , , - , , , - , , . - , - - , . , - , , . , . - . , - . , . , - , . - - , - , , - . - , . , - , - : - , - . - ? , - , , - . , , . , -, , . - , - , , - - , . , , , - , , , . , - XIV . : , , - , ; - , - , . , , - . - , - . - I 1727 . , , , - , , I . 11
  11. 11. . , , , , - - . , - , . , , - , . - - . , - , , , - , , - . . - , , . , , , , . , - - . - - , . , - 1725 , , , , . , - . - (- ) , . - , , , - - . - , , , - , , - . - , 1725 . - , . - , , - . - , . . , , - , , - . , - , , , . , , . , - , , - , - - , . - - , . , - , - 1722 . - - , - . - : - -, - , , , , , , - , . ?! , . , I, , . - , , - I , . , 12
  12. 12. , - , - , - . , , 10 . - , - , , - - , - . , , - . - . , , - , - , - , - , . - , 12, - . - , , , - - ( - ). , - , - . , - , , - XVIII . , , 23 1724 , - - XII, -, . - , - . , - , , - - . , , , - , , - , . , , , , , , , . 1724- - - - , - 12- . - , - - , - - . , - , , - -? ? - , , - , , - , - . - . - , - , . , - , - ? , , , , - , , . I . 13
  13. 13. - , , , - - . , . - - , - , - , 1700 : , , -, - , - , - - , - - . , ( , - ), - - , - , , , , , - - , , , , - 1722 ? ? ? , , I. I (16751744), 1721 14
  14. 14. 1. I ( ) . 7 1724 . , , . , , , . . 1990- , , . 2. , - I, - , , , , . - , - , - : , , - . - , , - - - , - . 1. 2. 15
  15. 15. 16
  16. 16. - , . , , 1. , 2. , , 3. , , 4. , , 1. 2. 3. 4. 17
  17. 17. 18
  18. 18. I. I , , 1. I. , , , 2. I. I I, II , I XVIII, , XVIII XIX 3. I. I . , , , 4. I. I . 1. 2. 3. 4. 19
  19. 19. 4 5 2 1 6 3 1. I 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. . . . . . . . . . 3. ., 3 I - 16971698 , , . , , - : , - , , - . - , - , - - , 1714 . 1. I ., 6 -- , . - - - - . - - XVIII, 1844 , . 1930 -- . 2. -- - , . - - , , - . , -. : , , - 1730- - . 20
  20. 20. 6. . , 2 , . - - . , , - : . - - , XVIII , - , - - . 5. , 3 , , - . . - , - . , . . 4. ., 15 -, - . , - - . - , - . 1970- - - , , - . 21
  21. 21. Around museum Peter the Greats Cabin The first structure inSt. Petersburg, the Tsars summer lodgings. The small wooden cabin near the Trinity Square was built out ofhewn pine logs inthe manner ofa Russian log hut bymili- tary carpenters injust three days. Itwas enclosed ina stone case inthe 18th century, and another one was built in1844, still extant. In1930 the cabin became ahistorical and memo- rial museum. Trinity Square St. Petersburgs oldest square sits inthe Petrogradsky district between Petrovskaya Embankment and Kuiby- shev St. The place gained great urban importance assoon asthe Peter and Paul fortress was built onthe nearby Zayachy Island. During the Great Northern War, the fortress produced asense ofsafety, and under its cover St. Petersburg could bebuilt. The main government buildings were erected here: the Synod, the Senate, various colleges, yet bythe 1730s the square began losing its initial significance. The Summer Garden Peters summer house where hespent the summer months with his families. This isthe most radical test- ing grounds for applying European ideas toRussian soil. Contemporaries were shocked atthe sight ofsnow- white life-sized naked people figures, fountains, and trimmed trees Rus- sia was fully innocent ofsuch abuse ofwater and plants. Following arecent reconstruction, passionate debates still roil about the garden should they have restored the fountains and trimmed the trees like inthe 18th cen- tury, orshould the Summer Garden have been allowed toremain inthe state ithad reached over the past 250years. The museums collection consists ofPeter the Greats personal belong- ings stored inthe Hermitage: his favorite lathe, his many and varied tools which heused for woodwork, atable and chairs from his palace. His- toric decor has been restored inthree rooms, using documents describing the work done: Dutch tile wall panels, inlaid parquet floors, oak shutters and window casements. Today, due tothe well-thought-out exposition, Peters Winter Palace looks like the most authentic and well-preserved building ofits time, although inf