4M Risk Assessment for Chemicals

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4M Risk Assessment for Chemicals

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<ul><li> 1. (CHARM )</li></ul> <p> 2. 3. 4. * ** * (MSDS) ( 41) ** ( 42) 4 , MSDS 5 ,- 182, 721 ,- 5. MSDS (CHARM*) * CHARM(Chemical Hazard Risk Management) : HSE Control Banding** ** ( ) 6. 7. CHARM : () () : () - , , / : () - (TLV), , (R-phrase) : (EU) Dangerous Substances Directive (67/548/EEC) (H-code) : GHS , 8. 1 : () , , MSDS, 9. 1 : - . - . - [ ] [] . - , () , - . - MSDS, . 10. [ ] (), () (), , Cr (, ) 11. 2 : MSDS () , , 12. 2 : - , .- , (), / , , , MSDS .- .[] 60%, 10%, 30% 30 MSDS () () (O, X) 18 O 31 O 9 X 13. 2 : - MSDS, . - [-1. ( )] (TWA) .- MSDS , . 14. 2 : No (Uncertainty)( )Yes Yes () MSDS() No YesMSDS(, ), (, ) No MSDS(, R-phrase)(, ) 15. 2 : MSDS - : MSDS [8. ] - : MSDS [9. ] 16. 2 : - CMR : GHS MSDS [11. ] CMR : (Carcinogenicity), (Mutagenicity), (Reproductive toxicity) 1A, 1B, 2 (1) : (2) : (3) : , 17. 2 : - (R-phrase) : MSDS [15. ] 18. 2 : - (H-code) GHS : GHS MSDS[2. ] MSDS H-code GHS 19. 3 : , 20. 3 : () () () 123 4 () 1 123 4 2 246 8 3 369 12 4 48 12 16 . . . 21. . , 1 &gt; 2 &gt; 3 .[ 1] - (D1) (D1) : = 4 22. . [ 2] - 1 10% 2 10% ~ 50% 3 50% ~ 100% 4 100% ( ) 23. . [ 3] / - / : 1 () 2 ()3 () g, , ton, : , ()1() 2() 3() 24. . : , , 1 ()2 () 3 () 20 150 50~15050 ()20 [(X)] (5X+50) (2X+10)~(5X+50) (2X+10) 25. . / 26. . , 1 &gt; 2 &gt; 3&gt; 4 .[ 1] CMR (1A, 1B, 2) - 2012-31(2012.3.26) MSDS , (CMR) CMR (1A, 1B, 2) : = 4 27. . [ 2] - ( ) (/) (ppm)1 1~10 50~500 2 0.1~1 5~50 3 0.01~0.1 0.5~5 4 0.01 0.5 (STEL) (C) 10/() 500ppm() 3 4 () . () : , : 28. . [ 3] MSDS (R-phrase) - MSDS (R-phrase) E 4 29. . [ 4] MSDS (H-code) - MSDS (H-code) 30. . 31. . 32. . 33. 3 : Yes : (1~4) : (1~4) NoYes : (1~4) : (1~4) No : R-phrase (1~4) : (1~4) 34. 4 : , 35. 4 : 1, 2 3, 4 , 6, 8, 9 , 12, 16 ( ) 36. 5 : , 37. 5 : - , , - ; ? 38. 39. 5 : - () (, ) 40. 41. [1] (Risk) = (1~4)(1~4)[2] (1) , / (Risk) = (1~4)(1~4)(2) , / MSDS /(Risk) = (1~4)(1~4) 42. 1. . (D1) - (D1) 4. 1 10% 2 10% ~ 50% 3 50% ~ 100% 4 100% * (%) = ( ) X 100 43. 1. . CMR (1A, 1B, 2) 4- 2012-31(2012.3.26) MSDS . : : 1 1~10/ 50~500ppm 2 0.1~1/ 5~50ppm 3 0.01~0.1/ 0.5~5ppm 4 0.01/ 0.5ppm . MSDS (R-phrase) . MSDS (H-code) 44. 1 1. : , : 2. MSDS () (,) 30 kg- 15 - 45. 13. (Probability, ) . (D1) (D1) - (D1) 4 ! . (TWA) () (-) (EM)3 1184801.A 9:43 16:45 1 0.1145 0.2798 0.11451 14 (n-)3 1184801.A: : 1 0.0751.5820.07550 3 1184801.A: : 1.1081.6821.108200 3 1184801.A: : 5.37411.985 5.37450 (EM)1184802.B 9:44 16:46 1 0.0595 0.1511 0.05951 14 (n-)1184802.B: : 1 0.0360.7910.03650 1184802.B: : 0.5660.566200 1184802.B: : 2.7956.7622.79550 46. 1. / (ppm) (ppm) (n-) 0.075 50 0.2%1, 1.108200 0.6%1() 5.374 50 10.7% 2 47. 1 4. (Severity, ) . CMR (1A, 1B, 2) CMR (1A, 1B, 2) 4- 2012-31(2012.3.26) MSDS * CMR : (Carcinogenicity), (Mutagenicity), (Reproductive toxicity) TWASTEL (CAS ) ppm / ppm / 38-n-Hexane CH3(CH2)4CH3 50180 --[110-54-3] 2 458 Isopropyl alcohol CH3CHOHCH3 200480 400 980 [67-63-0] 569 TolueneC6H5CH3 50 188 150 560 [108-88-3] 2- 2 4 48. 1 . CMR . CMR (ppm) , (n-) 2 50 4 -200 1 () 2 50 4 1[ 50500ppm] 49. 1 5. CMR (ppm)(ppm) (n-)2 0.075 50 1 4 4, - 1.108200 1 1 1 ()25.374 50 2 4 86. (), 8 () 50. 1 7. . () ( ) ? ? (3) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (11) ? Flange ? ? ? (Fan) ? 51. 17. () () ? ? (5) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (11) ? ? ? ? ? 52. 1 , 53. 1 , 10% () ( 4 )( : 21) 8 4 ( )( ) 4 , 54. 1 : 5 : 5( : 150) : 4 - 31 () : 2 : 3 ( : , 2100) 55. 1 - - (1) : (2) (Q) = 40m3/min/m2 (3) (A) = (L) (H)(4) : (1) (damper) .(2) .(3) 56. 1 - - , , , , , . 57. 1 - - , , , , , / , . , () . , , 58. 1 . / 1 2341 2 3 4 56 7 8 9 10 11 12 59. 2. . (D1) - (D1) 4. / - / (1~4) OR, , , (1~3)(1~3) (1~3) 60. 2. . CMR (1A, 1B, 2) 4- 2012-31(2012.3.26) MSDS . : : 1 1~10/ 50~500ppm 2 0.1~1/ 5~50ppm 3 0.01~0.1/ 0.5~5ppm 4 0.01/ 0.5ppm . MSDS (R-phrase) . MSDS (H-code) 61. 2 1. - ,, 2. MSDS () (,) 1.0 - 62. 2 3. (Probability, ) . (D1) / ! . / - (%) = [ ] MSDS 2 (GHS MSDS 3) 63. 2 3. (Probability, ) - 50kg = 1 20/ ()(%) 38.50 50kg38.50% 19.25kg2() 2() 35.17 50kg35.17% 17.59kg 720g 1.4350kg 1.43%1()(0.72kg) : 1()2()3() g, , ton, 64. 2 3. (Probability, ) - ( , , ) (25), , 65~83 2(50~150) () () () 8325 2() 78.5 25 2() 6525 2() 65. 2 3. (Probability, ) () ()() 2()83 252() 3 2()78.5 252() 3 1()65 252() 2 (, ) 12 3 1 1 22 , 2 2 33 3 23 4 66. 2 4. (Severity, ) . CMR (1A, 1B, 2) . 1,000ppmMSDS &gt; 500ppm (R-phrase) . MSDS (R-phrase) 1 (B~E) 67. 2 . CMR R-phrase - 200 - 1 - 1,000 R11 1 - 200 - 1 1[ 50500ppm ] 68. 2 5. R-CMR phrase () ()IPA 19.25kg83 25-200 -3 1 3 17.59kg78.5 25-1,000 R113 1 3 720g 65 25-200 -2 1 26. () 3 7. </p>