Atatürk’s principles

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    13-Apr-2017

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<p>ATATRKS PRINCIPLES Ha</p> <p>ATATRKS PRINCIPLES</p> <p>HazIrlayan: aslI teKN</p> <p>There are six basic principles of Mustafa Kemal Atatrk.(M. Kemal Atatrkn alt temel ilkesi vardr.) </p> <p>1- Republicanism (Cumhuriyetilik )2- Populism (Halklk )3- Secularism (Laiklik )4- Statism ( Devletilik )5- Nationalism ( Milliyetilik )6- Reformism ( nkilaplk )</p> <p>The goals of this part( Bu blmn amalar )</p> <p>When you study this unit, you will have knowledge about Atatrks principles.(Bu niteyi altnzda Atatrk ilke ve inkilaplar hakknda bilgi sahibi olacaksnz.)</p> <p>How to study(Nasl almalyz)You should learn the meanings of the terms or idioms in the subject that you come across first time, from the chart at the end of dialogues, readings or exercises.(Konu iinde ilk kez karlatnz kavram ve deyimlerin anlamlarn diyalog, okuma paras ya da altrmalarn sonunda verilen tablolardan reniniz.)</p> <p>Before doing the exercises, examine the given examples carefully.( Altrmalar yapmadan nce verilen rnekleri dikkatlice inceleyiniz.)How to study(Nasl almalyz)</p> <p>Read the warnings carefully, if it is necessary write them down.( Uyarlar dikkatle okuyunuz, gerekirse yaznz.)</p> <p>How to study(Nasl almalyz)</p> <p>To learn the subject in details utulise the resources at the end of your book .( Konuyu daha ayrntl renmek iin kitabnzn sonundaki kaynaklardan yaralannnz . )</p> <p>How to study(Nasl almalyz)</p> <p>Check the answers of the exercises and test questions that take part in the unit, from answer key at the last page of the book.( nite ierisinde yer alan altrma ve test sorularnn cevaplarn en son sayfada yer alan yant anahtarlarndan kontrol ediniz. )How to study(Nasl almalyz)</p> <p>UnIt four Lesson oneAtatrks Principles1- Republicanism : We, asTurkish people, only recognize aRepublican regime for Turkey.We believe that is only therepublican regime which can bestrepresent the wishes of people.</p> <p>Atatrk s Principles2- Populism : Our regime is against privileges and class distinctions and it recognises no individuals, no family, no class, and no organization as being above others.</p> <p>Atatrks Principles3- Secularism : Atatrks secularism means independence of thought and independence of institutions from the dominance of religious thinking and and religious institutions.</p> <p>Atatrks Principles3- Secularism : Secularism provides for the administration of the state by contemporary laws based on scientific facts. This saves the state from the pressure of any type of dogma.</p> <p>Atatrks Principles4- Statism : Atatrk saw thatthe modernization of Turkey wasdependent on economic and technological development.</p> <p>Atatrks Principles4- Statism : The stateemerged not only as the principle source of economic activity butalso the owner of the majorindustries of the country . The stateshould also support the privateenterprise. The responsibilities of thestates are;</p> <p>Atatrks Principles5- Nationalism : TurkishPeople is like a bunch of flowers.There are a lot of flowersdifferent colors in it. Atatrksnationalism believes in theprinciple that The Turkish State isan indivisible whole comprising itsterritory and people. </p> <p>Atatrks Principles5- Nationalism : So, Atatrk says Happy is the person who says I am a Turk.</p> <p>Atatrks Principles6- Reformisim : Atatrkreplaced traditional institutionswith modern institutions.Traditional concepts wereeliminated and modern conceptswere adopted. ThroughReformism, Turkey can reach thelevel of comtemporary civilization. </p> <p>Atatrks Principles6- Reformisim : Here aresome reforms Atatrk carriedout:* abolition of the caliphate* abolition of the sultanate* secularization of the state* centeralization of the educational system* works on Turkish history</p> <p>Atatrks Principles6- Reformisim :* civil rights for women* the language revolution,Turkisn alphabet (modified Latinform)* the clothing reform*adoption of International time,weights, measures, holidays andcalendar system.</p> <p>Vocabulary Studyrecognize : tanmakrepresent : temsil etmekagainst class privileges : snf ayrmclna karwishes of people : halkn istekleridistinction : stnlkbe above : stnde olmakstate : devletreligion : dinreligious : dini, dine aitseparation : ayrlk, blmeindependence of thought : dnce zgrlinstitution : kurum, kuruludominance: stnlk</p> <p>provide : salamak, srt komakadministartion : ynetim, idari makamcontemporary : adalaws: yasalar, kurallarbased on : dayalpressure : baskemerge : belirmek</p> <p>be dependent on : e bal olmaknot only but also : sadece deil, ayn zamanda daprinciple : ilke, z, temelsource : kken kaynakowner : sahipsupport : desteklemek</p> <p>private enterprise : zel sektrresponsibility : sorumluluklead : rehberlik, klavuzlukcontemporary level of civilization : ada uygarlk seviyesimaintain : srdrmek, korumakpreserve : saklamak, esirgemekpublic order : kamu dzeni, asayiindividual freedoms : bireysel zgrlklercomprise : kapsamakterritory : toprak, lke, mlkreplace : yenisi ile deitirmektraditional : gelenekselmodern : ada, yeni</p> <p>concept : anlay, gralimunate : eklemekadopt : kabul etmek, benimsemekreach : ulamacarry out : baarmakabolution : iptal etmecaliphate : hilafet, halifelik</p> <p>sultanate : padiahlkcivil rights : medeni ve siyasi haklarmodify : slah etmek, deitirmek international : uluslar arasweight : tart, arlkmeasure: l, sistem</p> <p>Test Iv1- Aadaki cmle Atatrk ilkelerinde hangisi ile ilgilidir?* Its only the republican regime which can best represent wishes of people.a- Secularismb- Populismc- Republicanismd- Nationalism</p> <p>CLICK FOR ANSWER:</p> <p>2- Aadaki aklama Atatrk ilkelerinden hangisini ifade eder?* The Turkish State is an indivisible whole comprising its territory and people.a- Reformismb- Statismc- Nationalismd- Republicanism</p> <p>CLICK FOR ANSWER:</p> <p>3- Aadaki tanm Atatrk ilkelerinden hangisini aklar?* It means separation of state and religion.a- Secularismb- Populismc- Republicanismd- Statism</p> <p>CLICK FOR ANSWER:</p> <p>4- Trk Devleti topra ve halk ile blnmez bir btndr. Cmlesinin ingilizce anlamn hangi seenek iermektedir?a- The Turkish State is an indivisible whole comprising its territory and people.b- Through reformism, Turkey can reach the level of contemporary civilization.c- Happy is the person who says I am a Turk.d- The modernization of Turkey is dependent on ecenomic and technological development.</p> <p>CLICK FOR ANSWER:</p> <p>5- The State should support the private enterprise.Cmlesinin Trke evirisi hangi seenektedir?a- Devlet zel sektr desteklememelidir.b- Devletilik ilkesi zel sektre kar kar.c- Devlet zel sektre destek vermelidir.d- zel sektre devleti destekler.</p> <p>CLICK FOR ANSWER:</p> <p>Test Iv1- Aadaki cmle Atatrk ilkelerinde hangisi ile ilgilidir?* Its only the republican regime which can best represent wishes of people.a- Secularismb- Populismc- Republicanismd- Nationalism</p> <p>2- Aadaki aklama Atatrk ilkelerinden hangisini ifade eder?* The Turkish State is an indivisible whole comprising its territory and people.a- Reformismb- Statismc- Nationalismd- Republicanism</p> <p>3- Aadaki tanm Atatrk ilkelerinden hangisini aklar?* It means separation of state and religion.a- Secularismb- Populismc- Republicanismd- Statism</p> <p>4- Trk Devleti topra ve halk ile blnmez bir btndr. Cmlesinin ingilizce anlamn hangi seenek iermektedir?a- The Turkish State is an indivisible whole comprising its territory and people.b- Through reformism, Turkey can reach the level of contemporary civilization.c- Happy is the person who says I am a Turk.d- The modernization of Turkey is dependent on ecenomic and technological development.</p> <p>5- The State should support the private enterprise.Cmlesinin Trke evirisi hangi seenektedir?a- Devlet zel sektr desteklememelidir.b- Devletilik ilkesi zel sektre kar kar.c- Devlet zel sektre destek vermelidir.d- zel sektre devleti destekler.</p>