Becoming Digital: Dutch historic perspective (museums)

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Presentation at Social Theory Policy and the Arts Conference STPA2013

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  • 1. STPA Social Theory, Policy and the Arts Conference Seattle 25-26 October 2013 Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective Trilce Navarrete
  • 2. Today Dutch policy on museum digitization Background Museums in the Netherlands Government financing Historic overview Types of programs Results Current state of Dutch museums And then ? Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 2
  • 3. How did we get there? Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 3
  • 4. Dutch museums 810 museums: most are independent managers of the national heritage The government remains an important source of financing Source of financing for digital activities 2012 (N=864) Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 4
  • 5. Government financing 1. 2. 3. Financing instruments to stimulate digitization: Coordinating organizations National programs (wide coverage, multi purpose) Grant projects (one-time opportunities, R&D, reduce digital divide) Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 5
  • 6. Government financing Historic overview: 1969 1980 1990 20000 2010 Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 6
  • 7. Government financing 1. Financing instruments to stimulate digitization: Coordinating organizations: Give continuity to developing field MARDOC 1.3 million in 20 years DEN Foundation currently 1 million per year National programs: (wide coverage, multi purpose) 1. Delta Plan 95 million + 150 million Digital Delta 1.8 million Great long-term impact eCulture 24 million Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 7
  • 8. Government financing 1. Change practice by setting requirements Financing instruments: Grant projects (one-time opportunities, R&D, reduce digital divide) Fishing documentation 7k SMA 2.8 million (85 projects) PC-museum project 0.1 million Metamorfoze 8 + 10 + 48 million (< 6 million images) CATCH 6 + 3 million (10 projects) Digitization with a policy 12.2 million (57 projects) Images for the Future 154 million (3 institutions) Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 8
  • 9. Results 1. Adoption of the digital: Museums using computers (PCs) 1. 1987 = 6% 2009 = 97% Museums connected to the Internet (have a website) 1. 1995 = 7% 2007 = 99% Collections registered digitally 1. 1983 = 7% 2009 = 81% 2012 = 70% digital image Collections published online 2008 = 8% 2012 = 25% Information plans 2007= 6% 2012 = 55% Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 9
  • 10. Results Adoption of the digital: Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 10
  • 11. And then ? Even though the advancements are impressive, only a hand full of museums are becoming digital If 70% of collections are digitized, and only 25% are available online, the public is missing out ! (though it is better than the 6% exhibited) There is no data on why museums struggle to publish online (Know-how? Copyright? Gatekeeper withdrawal? Resources?) Future policy should support lower barriers to embrace the digital Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 11
  • 12. Thank you ! Navarrete, Trilce (2014) A history of Digitization: Dutch Museums Questions ? T.Navarrete@uva.nl Becoming digital: Dutch historic perspective 12