6. 5 , , , . Abstract The olive tree is one of the oldest trees that gave food to humans and is perhaps considered the most important because it offers besides olive oil and its valuable fruits. Her history, her cultivation, her fruits and her juice were inseparably linked to the peoples of the Mediterranean, and she flourished in stony and rocky places under the Mediterranean sun. "You are the daughter of the sun," says Kostis Palamas in his poem to commemorate this precious tree that loves the sea and which, according to the famous myth, gave victory to the Goddess Athena in her controversy with Poseidon for her Naming the city of Athens. It is perhaps the only tree that accompanied the Mediterranean peoples, both in times of prosperity and periods of deprivation. The fruit of the olive tree, the oil, and its branches, were used for flourishing trade, nurtured healthy generations and generations, offered longevity, healed from illnesses, enlightened, groomed, crowned, connected with many myth- legends and connected with history and The culture of the Eastern Mediterranean. The Greeks were the first people to cultivate the olive in the European Mediterranean area, as Pliny mentioned in 580 BC, neither Latium nor Spain knew the olive tree and its cultivation. According to historical information, the ancient Greeks transferred olive cultivation to their colonies, Sicily, southern France and the west coast of Spain, with the result that the olive tree is connected with a long exploration of the Greeks in all the widths and lengths of the Earth But also the privilege of the Greeks to associate it with the famous Mediterranean cuisine. All the above and many more contributed to the choice of this topic. A small school, with a century-old olive tree in its courtyard and a field of olives as far as our eyes from the school room, gave us the stimulus not only to get more involved and to learn about the subject, but to research it and to We are spreading across Europe and especially in those countries that are
7. 6 Mediterranean and use olive oil, both in nutrition and grooming, as well as in other areas of their daily lives.
8. 7 1. TEACHERS FOR EUROPE , Teachers for Europe . , http://www.teachers4europe.gr/ourgoal , . , , , , !