Hc vin K nng Masterskills - 21 Nguyn Tc Hon Thnh Cng Vic Hiu Qu

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    21 Nguyn Tc Hon Thnh Cng Vic Hiu Qu

    Nguyn tc s 1: Xc nh mc tiu

    Chng ta phi lm r vi chnh bn thn mnh v nhng mc tiu quan trng cn t

    c. Khi bit r iu mnh mong mun v nm c phng php t mc tiu,

    chng ta s thng c tm l ngn ngi v tr hon nhng cng vic cn lm.

    Ngay t by gi chng ta hy vit ra giy nhng mc tiu cn t c bng cch p

    dng 7 bc n gin sau:

    1/ Quyt nh chnh xc nhng mc tiu.

    2/ Vit ra giy nhng mc tiu v k hoch.

    3/ n nh thi hn cht hon thnh cc mc tiu.

    4/ Lit k tt c nhng vic cn lm t c nhng mc tiu ra.

    5/ Chuyn nhng vic cn lm thnh cc k hoch hnh ng c th.

    6/ Tht s hnh ng, thc hin nhng vic trong k hoch hnh ng.

    7/ T cam kt mi ngy hon thnh mt phn nhim v v tin gn hn n mc tiu.

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    Nguyn tc s 2: Lp k hoch lm vic

    R rng, hnh ng tt hn s tr hon, th nhng hnh ng khng c k hoch s dn

    n tht bi. Do chng ta phi lp k hoch lm vic: tng qut, hng thng, hng tun

    v hng ngy.

    Chng ta phi phn tch mt cng vic ln thnh nhiu phn chi tit, sp xp th t u

    tin, v xc nh thi hn c th.

    Thi im tt nht ln k hoch lm vic hng ngy l vo bui ti. Khi y, tim thc

    ca chng ta s phc tho cc phng hng thc hin tng phn vic trong bng danh

    sch .

    Chng ta cn ghi nh nguyn tc 10/90, tc l dnh 10% thi gian ln k hoch v t

    chc cng vic trc khi bt tay vo thc hin gip chng ta s dng 90% thi gian cn

    li hiu qu hn.

    Nguyn tc s 3: Vn dng quy tc Pareto 80/20

    Chng ta hy vn dng quy tc 80/20 bt c vic g cng u c cu thnh t 20%

    thiu s nhng quan trng v 80% a s nhng t quan trng hn.

    Bng cch phn tch xc nh nhng nhim v hng u trng yu chim 10-20%

    nhng c th ng gp n 80-90% thnh qu.

    Chng ta phi tp trung ti a thi gian, cng sc vo nhng nhim v trng yu ny. D

    chng c kh khn n u, chng ta cng phi sn sng ng u vi chng ging

    nh chng ta sn sng tinh thn nut trn con ch vo mi bui sng vy.

    Nguyn tc s 4: Tin on hu qu xc nh vic quan trng

    Suy ngh v hu qu gip chng ta d on, xc nh c mc quan trng ca mt

    hnh ng hay mt nhim v.

    Mt tm nhn chin lc di hn s nng cao hiu qu ca nhng quyt nh ngn hn.

    Din gi Denis Waitley ni rng K tht bi hnh ng lm du i sc p cng vic

    hin ti. Cn ngi thnh cng hnh ng cho mc tiu di hn.

    Nguyn tc s 5: S dng phng php ABCDE hoch nh cng vic

    Phng php ABCDE l k thut la chn mc tiu theo trnh t u tin:

    A l nhng cng vic quan trng phi thc hin nu khng mun gnh chu nhng hu

    qu ng tic. y l nhng con ch m bn phi n tng ngy. Nu c nhiu cng

    vic loi A, chng ta t tn chng l A-1, A-2, A-3 phn loi tm quan trng ca

    chng.

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    B l nhng vic nn lm, tuy nhin nhng cng vic ny ch mang li li ch tng i.

    ng bao gi bt tay vo mt vic B khi vn cn mt vic A no .

    C l nhng vic v thng v pht, lm hay khng lm cng khng mang li hiu qu,

    khc bit g ln.

    D l nhng vic m chng ta c th giao ph. Nhng phi giao ph cho ng ngi.

    E l nhng cng vic c th gt b. Chng ta khng bao gi bn tm, tn thi gian cho

    nhng vic E ny.

    Nguyn tc s 6: Tp trung vo cc lnh vc trng yu

    Tt c mi ngh nghip, cng vic u c nhng lnh vc trng yu. V d, cng vic

    trng yu ca mt vin chc qun l l lp k hoch, sp xp t chc ngun nhn lc,

    phn cng nhim v, gim st hot ng, nh gi kt qu v lp bo co.

    Cng vic ca mt nhn vin bn hng gm c: xc nh khch hng tim nng, tip cn

    khch hng, xy dng mi quan h v s tin tng, tm hiu nhu cu ca khch hng,

    gii thiu thuyt phc sn phm hay dch v, gii p thc mc, phc v khch hng

    T nh gi bn thn trong tng lnh vc trng yu v ch c bit n lnh vc m

    chng ta cn yu km v n lc khc phc nhng im yu . Lm tt cc lnh vc

    trng yu, chng ta s to ra kt qu vt tri.

    Nguyn tc s 7: Tp trung to hiu qu

    Lut tp trung hiu qu: Chng ta khng bao gi c thi gian lm mi vic, nhng

    chng ta lun thi gian lm vic quan trng nht.

    Tr li 3 cu hi sau: Hot ng no ca ti c gi tr nht?, Cng vic no ch ti v

    mt mnh ti thc hin v hon thnh xut sc thc s to ra mt s khc bit?,

    Cng vic no tt nht cho thi gian ca ti?, chng ta s xc lp c trnh t u tin

    cho nhng cng vic c gi tr nht m chng ta cn tp trung vo hon thnh.

    Nguyn tc s 8: Chun b y trc khi bt u

    vt qua trng thi chn ch, ngn ngi t hiu qu cao, chng ta cn phi chun

    b mi th sn sng cho cng vic trc khi bt u. Khi chun b sn sng, chng ta

    nh sng ln nng, hay cung gng tn, ch cn mt lc y nh, chng ta s lp

    tc khi ng nhim v quan trng ca mnh.

    Hy dn dp bn lm vic, khng gian phng lm vic, chun b y mi vt liu

    cho cng vic ca mnh, ngi vo bn v bt u cho n khi cng vic hon tt.

    Nguyn tc s 9: Lun sn sng bng cch hc hi v hon thin k nng

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    Nguyn nhn khin chng ta tr hon nhng cng vic trng yu chnh l cm gic khng

    tng xng, thiu t tin, hay khng nng lc c th hon thnh cng vic mt cch

    xut sc.

    V th chng ta phi khng ngng hc hi nng cao kin thc, s hiu bit v khng

    ngng rn luyn k nng.

    Khi hc nhiu, hiu nhiu, k nng c nng cao, chng ta s cm thy t tin hn, lm

    vic say m hn v t c nhiu thnh qu hn.

    Nguyn tc s 10: Pht trin v tn dng nhng ti nng c bit ca mnh

    Hy xc nh u l lnh vc c bit, ti nng vt tri ca bn thn. Pht trin v s

    dng nhng kin thc v k nng c bit ny vo cng vic, chng ta s to ra nhng

    kt qu c bit.

    Hy lun t hi bn thn mnh: Ti tht s gii lnh vc no?, iu g gip ti thnh

    cng trong qu kh?, Ti thch lm iu g nht?, Nu ti chn, ti s chn cng

    vic g?.

    Chng ta hy tp trung nng lc c bit ca mnh vo nhng vic m chng ta c th

    lm tt nht.

    Nguyn tc s 11: Xc nh nhng tr ngi chnh yu

    S lun c nhng kh khn, tr ngi trn ng i n mc tiu. Hy t hi v tr li

    nhng cu hi: iu g ang km hm s thnh cng ca mnh?, iu g lm gim tc

    pht trin?, iu g lm chng ta cn chn ch, ngi ngn?, Ti sao chng ta vn

    cha t mc tiu ra? tm ra nhng yu t tr ngi.

    Thng thng, 80% cc yu t tr ngi l ni ti, v 20% l ngoi ti, khch quan. Tho

    g, ci thin cc yu t cn tr ny s gip chng ta v ch, t mc tiu trong thi gian

    sm hn.

    Nguyn tc s 12: Thc hin cng vic theo tng bc

    thc hin nhng cng vic ln, nhng mc tiu cao, chng ta hy chia nhng cng

    vic ln ny thnh nhiu bc nh, v ln k hoch thc hin tng bc. Ln lt

    hon thnh tng bc nh ny, chng ta s t c cng vic n, hon thnh mc tiu

    cao.

    Nguyn tc s 13: To p lc cho chnh mnh

    Phn ng mi ngi thiu kh nng sng v lm vic c lp. H lun trng ch s

    ng vin, h tr v dn dt t ngi khc hon thnh mc tiu ca mnh.

    Chng ta phi thot khi tnh cnh ny. Chng ta phi chu trch nhim v cuc sng ca

    chnh mnh. Chng ta phi tr thnh nhng nh lnh o bn thn t mnh c th lm

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    vic vi hiu sut cao, c th t hon thnh nhim v m khng cn s gim st, qun l,

    c thc ca bt k ai.

    Hy to p lc ln chnh mnh, v chng ta s thy hi lng hn v bn thn.

    Nguyn tc s 14: Ti a ha ngun nng lng c nhn

    Nng lng th cht, tr tu v tinh thn quyt nh hiu sut lm vic ca tng c nhn.

    V th chng ta phi khng ngng bo v v nui dng cc ngun nng lng .

    Mt quy lut thng thng ca sinh hc l nng sut lm vic ca chng ta s gim

    nhanh chng sau 8-9 gi lm vic. Chng ta cn phi tm dng cng vic ng lc

    ngh ngi, n ung, tp th dc, vui chi th mi c th ti to ngun nng lng

    tip tc lm vic lu di, v hon thnh nhng mc tiu ca cuc i.

    Nguyn tc s 15: To ng lc thc y hnh ng

    thc hin cng vic hiu qu, chng ta phi lm ch suy ngh ca bn thn v tr

    thnh ngi lnh o, ngi ng vin cho chnh bn thn mnh. Cch thc chng ta t

    nh - ni chuyn vi bn thn quyt nh cm xc tch cc hay tiu cc ca chng ta.

    l ngi thnh cng trong cng vic v hnh phc trong cuc sng c nhn, chng ta

    nn l ngi lc quan vi ba phm cht quan trng: lun tm im tt, kha cnh tch cc

    trong mi tnh hung; rt ra nhng bi hc kinh nghim qu bu t kh khn, tht bi;

    lun tm kim gii php cho mi vn .

    Nguyn tc s 16: Hy tr hon mt cch sng to, hiu qu

    Tr hon ng s lm tng hiu sut c nhn. R rng chng ta khng th t mnh lm tt

    c mi th, do vic tr hon cc hot ng c gi tr thp l vic chng ta nn lm.

    Chng ta phi bit thit lp cc u tin: ci g cn lm trc v tp trung nhiu hn, ci g

    s lm sau v lm t hn.

    Nguyn tc s 17: Thc hin nhng cng vic kh khn nht trc tin

    y l nguyn l kh khn nht, bi v chng ta phi t n sng nhng con ch kinh

    khng.

    7 bc sau s gip ta thc hin nguyn tc s 17 ny:

    1/ Vo cui ngy, lp danh sch tt c mi th phi lm vo ngy hm sau.

    2/ Phn chia cng vic theo s phi hp ca phng php ABCDE v quy lut 80/20.

    3/ Hy chn cng vic A1 con ch ln nht, xu nht tin hnh x l.

    4/ Xem li danh sch cng vic bng cch s dng phng php ABCDE kt hp vi quy

    lut 80/20.

    5/ Chun b tt c mi th cn thit bt u v hon thnh nhim v.

    6/ Chun b khu vc lm vic cho cng vic A1.

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    7/ Tp thi quen thc dy, sn sng v bt u cng vic m khng b gin on bi yu

    t no khc.

    Hy lm nhng vic trn trong 21 ngy lin tc to thnh thi quen.

    Nguyn tc s 18: Chia nh cng vic

    Lm th no n ht mt con voi? Cu tr li l chng ta phi n tng ming mt. Cng

    vic cng vy. Chng ta phi bit cch chia nh mt cng vic ln ra tng cng vic nh.

    V mt tm l, chng ta d dng thc hin tng cng vic nh hn l thc hin ton b

    cng vic ln. Sau khi lm xong mt vic, chng ta c tm l tha mn v mun thc

    hin tip cng vic khc.

    C thc hin tng cng vic nh, chng ta s ln lt hon thnh ton b cng vic ln.

    Nguyn tc s 19: Phn b thi gian cho nhng nhim v ln

    cng vic tin trin mt cch hiu qu, chng ta cn phn b nhng khong thi gian

    ln. Vic cn lm l chng ta phi hoch nh k hoch trong ngy v dnh ra nhng

    khong thi gian cho nhim v ln ca mnh.

    Trong nhng khong thi gian , chng ta phi tp trung ton b tr lc va lm vic

    khng ngng ngh c th hon thnh cng vic mt cch hiu qu v ng tin .

    Nguyn tc s 20: thc khn trng

    thc khn trng l ngun c lc v mong mun ni ti gip chng ta mun bt tay

    vo cng vic ngay lp tc, v hon thnh nhim v trong thi hn sm nht.

    thc khn trng to cho chng ta kh nng nh hng hnh ng: lp k hoch cng

    vic theo mc u tin, tp trung vo hnh ng, v b cun vo dng chy ca cng

    vic, ca hiu qu v nng sut lm vic.

    Nguyn tc s 21: Chuyn tm vi tng cng vic

    Chu trnh bt u cng vic ri dng li, li bt u v dng ln na c th lm lng

    ph thi gian ca chng ta trong vic to dng li ng lc, ly li qun tnh cho n

    khi t c tin cn thit.

    Cc nghin cu cho thy vic dng cng vic ri bt u li c th tiu tn thi gian ln

    n 5 ln so vi vic chng ta hon ton chuyn tm vo cng vic t lc bt u cho n

    khi thnh cng.

    Khi hnh thnh tinh thn k lut bn thn chuyn tm lm vic khng ngng ngh trn

    mt nhim v duy nht, chng ta c nhiu c hi t c mc lm vic hiu qu sm

    nht, v khi chng ta c th hon thnh nhng cng vic kh khn vi cht lng cao

    v trong thi gian ngn nht.

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    Hc vin k nng Masterskills:

    Tr s: Tng 9, Ta nh Vietcomreal, S 68, ng Nguyn Hu, P.Bn Ngh, Qun

    1, Tp.HCM, VietNam

    Phone: 08- 22 - 194 - 047

    Hot line: 0907 - 000 - 277

    Thi gian lm vic: 8h30 ~ 17h30 (hng ngy, t Th hai n Th su)

    Email: info@masterskills.org

    Website: www.masterskills.org

    (Su tm)

    info@masterskills.orgwww.masterskills.org