HOW TO PROGRAM IN C++

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    15-Apr-2017

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Introduction to C-LanguageLecture 3First Program in C++Preprocessor Directive# is called Preprocessor Directive. The # line tells the compiler to use a file or or whatever written in . Files having .h extension in C/C++ are called header files. They are also sometimes called include files.The iostream.h file is included in the program as it contains the information about the cout identifier and the Main FunctionA C/C++ program may consist of many functions, classes and other program elements, but on startup, control always goes to main() function. The first statement executed by the C/C++ compiler will be the one that is the first statement in function void main(void) orvoid(main)or main()Using Comments in the Program// It is a C++ Program#include void main(void) //main function{/* These linesare thepart of comments andwill not execute*/coutUsing Comments in the ProgramThere are two ways of specifying comments in C++.i) Using //ii) /* and */Defining and using Integer Variables#include void main(void){int a;int b;a = 10;b = a + 5;coutDefining and using Integer Variables#include #include void main(void){ int a,b;a = 10; b = a + 5;clrscr();coutDefining and using Integer Variables#include #include void main(void){ clrscr();char first=65;int second=964;float third=5.543;coutUsing Escape Sequences in the Program#include #include void main(void){ clrscr();coutUsing Escape Sequences in the ProgramOutputArithmetic operatorsPlus+Minus-Multiply*Divide/ Modulus%Arithmetic operatorsi + jx * ya / ba % b% = Remainder5 % 2 = 12 % 2 = 0 4 / 2 = 25 / 2 = ?PrecedenceHighest:( )Next:* , / , %Lowest:+ , -Using Escape Sequences in the ProgramAssignment # 1 What is escape sequence, write all escape sequence characters along with their usage in C/C++.