Keynote RTC (9-15-09)

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<p>The Art of Playing Well Together Connie Broughton November 4, 2005</p> <p>Digital, Networked TechChanges the Game:Capstone Requirements for Synthesizer Graduates</p> <p>Cable GreeneLearning Director</p> <p>2http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen</p> <p>3Lets talk about the big trends &amp; how to prepare for inevitable change &amp; what RTC can do now to help your graduates prepare for a digital, networked world4</p> <p>Hold On!5We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information societyYochai Benkler</p> <p>http://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/6</p> <p>Yes We Really are Networkedseamless connection of people, resources &amp; knowledgedigitization of contentmobile, personalglobal platform for collaborationoutsourcingAnyone notice our global economy?7</p> <p>"According to an IBM study, by 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."</p> <p>9</p> <p>And we can makeall of our digital stuffavailable toall peopleand most of itwill get used...by someone.10Long Tail of Publishing</p> <p>long tail$HarryPotterHyper-geometricpartial differentialequations11Indeed, publish on demand is changing the economics of publishing, enabling new presses and projects like Connexions to exploit the long tail of the publishing industry, over here way to the right of Harry Potter</p> <p>And I would predict that these forces are going to lead to an increasing cutting out of the middle man in publishing thats going to reach a crescendo in the next few years. So lots of opportunities here for new businesses around the knowledge ecosystem.</p> <p>http://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart We All Get to Participate12</p> <p>In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule. </p> <p>And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas.</p> <p>14What are Creative Entrepreneurs?I was going to just say entrepreneurs, but it is broader than that. Creative people - whether they are developers, musicians, actors, scientists, writers or (insert creative type that I have annoyed by omitting) - are the next Masters of the Universe. Entrepreneurs who tap the rise of the creative class will do well, but the trend is a deeper one that makes creative people into entrepreneurs.</p> <p>This has huge disruptive and destructive implications for big companies which today act as the toll booths, through which creativity has to pass. Hedge Funds that like selling short can take note. </p> <p>It is of course the Internet that changes everything. Here are the straws in the wind that indicate a pretty profound change:* Radiohead opt to sell all their music online, by-passing the 4 major firms that dominate music sales and even by-passing the new toll booths called iTunes and Amazon. They are not the first and wont be the last music artist to do this.* Software developers who build an intuitive user interface on a SaaS model dont need to sell to CIOs to get traction within companies.* People seeking attention (for themselves, their products and services) no longer need to hire PR firms to get journalists to look at them; as long as they have something worth saying of course.* In Hollywood, clout has shifted from the studios to actors and directors. Outside Hollywood, the path from YouTube to Sundance (and alternatives) to a growing network of independent cinemas is increasingly well trodden.* For authors, yet another publisher rejection letter is less depressing when you can self-publish using Lulu. * For entrepreneurs the VC round is no longer mandatory; with much lower start-up costs, lots of 'pay as you go' infrastructure, increasingly active angels and, yes, Hedgies willing to jump in with creative financing when you need to scale. See Fred Wilson's recent post and Alex Iskold's follow-up for more on this trend.</p> <p>Conclusion: Power Shifting to Creative PeopleI dont mean to underplay the very real barriers that still remain and the power still wielded by incumbents. This is a big transformation and one that wont happen quickly. A big reason that power is shifting to creative people is the reduction in inter-company friction. You can outsource pretty much everything, other than creativity. More importantly, you can use multiple smaller, specialist vendors on something close to a level playing field relationship - rather than being dependent on one big company that does everything to get you to market. When you add in millions of new knowledge workers from what we used to call the emerging markets, you have a formula that keeps the prices down and terms for these services quite reasonable. And they are not afraid to:</p> <p>And they want serviceslike this:</p> <p>Backup</p> <p>16So, what might be in capstone graduation requirements to:prepare students forjobs that dont yet exist, usingtechnologies that havent beeninvented, to solve problems wedont even know are problems yet? </p> <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI 17(1) Engage Participatory / Web 2.0+Tools &amp; Practices18RTC Capstone #1All RTC students contribute knowledge to an open, public, social network in their field of study if none exists the student starts a new online community.</p> <p>- JSB21</p> <p>Welcome back to humanity. Some technologies take us away from ourselves and others bring us back. Web 2.0 is helping us rediscover our naturally cooperative, creative, and gregarious nature.Don't think, therefore, of Web 2.0 as something foreign or hyped-up or all about geeks; Web 2.0 is the rebirth of teaching and learning that fits what we are as a species.</p> <p>Why is Web 2.0 Important to Higher Education?RSS</p> <p>24</p> <p>Social Networking</p> <p>Social Bookmarkinghttp://delicious.com/geoffcain/oer </p> <p>Share Photoshttp://www.flickr.com </p> <p>Wiki</p> <p>http://pbwiki.com Share Slides (and use others)</p> <p>http://www.slideshare.net Share Video</p> <p>Online Meetings, Conferences</p> <p>Elluminate 1,500+ faculty &amp; staff accounts 11,300+rooms created 2,250+meetings have taken place unlimited license, hosting, training 24/7 help desk unlimited license, hosting, trainingBloghttp://www.blogger.com </p> <p>Tweethttp://twitter.com </p> <p>Useful or Stupid?</p> <p>http://www.edtechpost.ca/wordpress/2009/08/14/findoerafrica/</p> <p>http://www.flickr.com/photos/doctabu/3657942692/in/set-72157620497679512/ (2) eLearningWhy call it eLearning?38RTC Capstone #2All RTC students take at least one online or hybrid course before graduating.Distance is about geographic separation.eLearning is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces.Online, Hybrid, EnhancedeLearning40Ongoing Online Learning Growth</p> <p>Over 83,000 students learn online each yeareLearning enrollments up more than 41% (Winter 08 Winter 09)11 percent of community and technical college courses are fully online4141Ongoing Online Learning Growth </p> <p>45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online16 colleges offer an AA degree onlineCommunity and Technical Colleges teach over 80+% of all online [state supported] FTE in WA</p> <p>4242Whats Happening @ RTC?eLearning FTEs Academic Year: 2007-08Annualized Counts as of: 09/6/2009Online ITV Tele Class Hybrid Total345HALLRenton124.10.00.05.0129.1Going to Web and Mobile</p> <p>45Why does this growth matter?46Educate More CitizensHECB Master PlanI. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates produced annually to achieve Global Challenge State benchmarks. By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.</p> <p>472008 Online + Hybrid LearningGas / Carbon Savings</p> <p>1.9M round trips avoided= reduced traffic congestion</p> <p>2.1M gallons of gas saved48</p> <p>http://www.fhcrc.org/about/pubs/center_news/weekly/img/2007_0806_i5_traffic.jpg48(3) Open Educational Resources49RTC Capstone #3All RTC students actively contribute to, redesign, and/or evaluate open educational resources, as a faculty guided assignment, in at least one RTC course.Because when we cooperate and share, we all win exponentially.</p> <p>Reeds Law: Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes.</p> <p>Its a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge.Why is Open Important?Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation51Definition of OERDigitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.52The Old Economics</p> <p>Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every studenthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/The New EconomicsUpload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously</p> <p>http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = FreeOpenLearn (UK) - DEMOOCW MIT (MIT HS)China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.Rice Connexions(a few) Open Content Repositories </p> <p>55The open source philosophy is having a much broader impact in education than just changing the way universities license softwareit is also changing the way faculty disseminate research results and teaching materials. A recent report (Wiley 2006) produced for the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) makes plain the extent to which educational institutions are adopting the open source mindset in their use of educational resources. Approximately 175 universities worldwide currently participate in programs through which they provide free and open access to the content of over 2,000 university courses; MIT OpenCourseWare provides the majority of these courses, but with efforts underway at universities in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Thailand, the UK, the US, and Vietnam, that majority position is not likely to last long. Lenses @ Rice Connexionssocial software for peer review &amp; quality control</p> <p>CaliforniaCommunityCollegesWashingtonCommunityCollegesOhioCommunityColleges</p> <p>56Lenses are owned by organizations like TED, professional societies, publishers, even individuals.</p> <p>Each lens focuses on the part of the KC deemed high quality. Lets EVERYONE become an editor and reviewer. </p> <p>WILL SEE INCREASING USE OF SOCIAL SOFTWARE, EVEN IN ACADEMICS, BECAUSETraditional peer review process is broken will be replaced by reputation systems like this, social software, post-publication peer review</p> <p>and there is this smallcollection of articles:</p> <p>Why do we Need Open Textbooks?2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades</p> <p>http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf 59Why do we Need Open Textbooks?The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies</p> <p>http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf60</p> <p>Why so urgent?Consider One High Enrollment Course:English Composition I37,226 enrollments / yearX $100 textbook= $3.7 Million + (cost to students)What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses?</p> <p>http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg61Work longer hoursAdditional debtCredit card debtNot purchase textbooksImpact on Students?</p> <p>62Math in Society (Open Textbook)</p> <p>David Lipmann, Professor @ Pierce College 3,972 annual enrollmentsTextbooks savings to RTC students?List of open and free textbooks that may be suitable for use in community college courses</p> <p>Redesigning 81 System CoursesHigh enrollment, gatekeeper and pre-college coursesNot mandated curriculum (choice)Faculty centered faculty will redesign coursesLow cost instructional materialsImprove course completion ratesDigital (remix, take chunks, online)Lower textbook, time, and travel costs for studentsuse open educational resources, library resources and other high quality, low cost instruction materials that will reduce textbook costs for students.Open CC Licenses (culture of sharing)</p> <p>64We must get rid of our not invented here attitude regarding others contentmove to: "proudly borrowed from there"</p> <p>Content is not a strategic advantage</p> <p>Nor can we (or our students) afford itHey Higher Ed!65As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.</p> <p>In web 2.0, everything is public &amp; higher education needs to get used to it.Future of Openness in EducationDavid Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.66The world is changing in many ways as popularized by recent books such as The World Is Flat (Friedman 2005). Business, science, and other areas of society already leverage these changes to their benefit. In contrast, higher education has adapted too little in response to these changes and is consequently in very real danger of becoming irrelevant. Higher education's willingness and ability to evolve toward openness will be a strong predictor of its future relevance. If higher education is to fulfill its mission as set forth in visionary documents like the First Morrill Act (1862), which granted land to the states for colleges that would "promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes on the several pursuits and professions in life" (Section 4[8]), openness must become a core part of academic culture.What Happens if weDont Change?Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source,Open Content, Open TextbooksHigher EducationFunctional PossibilitiesTimeHarder to catch-up Or even understand.6768</p> <p>How is the fiscal healthof your local newspaper?</p> <p>http://techplan.sbctc.edu</p> <p>69System Strategic Technology Plan </p> <p>Access for all students and all collegesSingle, centrally funded solutions for common systemsRule of 1: do it once Rule of 0: dont do itDont build software, dont host serversRetain local branding and admin controlAll instructional technologies are architected to make it easy to share content.</p> <p>70NEW HE Models are En Route</p> <p>Choices:</p> <p>(1) Open up andleverage global input</p> <p>OR </p> <p>(2) close up shop72Think Big Crazy Ideas.We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources with the world and, more important, use global digital materials.We could use common teaching &amp; learning, student services, and administrative technologies and support services.We could design courses that enable and encourage students to contribute, change, remix course content.</p> <p>Parting ThoughtIs the network to the point where we can challenge traditional models of pedagogy, publishing, student services, and our existing administrative business processes?</p> <p>If so, what would you change in your department? How would you use digital technologies to help students learn and accomplish their dreams?</p>...