KHOA HOC VE HANH PHUC

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Khoa hc v HNH PHCv hnh phc trong mi trng lm vicTS V Phi Yn & cng s

Copyright 2016 | www.betterliving.edu.vn

2C s khoa hc v hnh phcLm g hnh phc hn?Hnh phc v thnh cngHnh phc v hiu qu cng vicB quyt duy tr v tng trng hnh phc trong mi trng lm vic

copyright 2016 | www.betterliving.edu.vn

1. C s khoa hc v hnh phc3

T xa xa, cc nh khoa hc lun b thi thc phi i tm cu tr li cho nn tng ca hnh phc, c th l gii v a ra nhng cng thc, m hnh gip con ngi ti u ha hiu sut hot ng m vn cm nhn hnh phc trn tr, mnh lit trong tng khonh khc sng.4

a. Bn cht sinh hc ca hnh phc & yu t mi trngBn c bit rng yu t di truyn (gen) c th quyt nh ti a n 50% kh nng mt ngi cm nhn hnh phc trong cuc sng v cng vic?Nu mt ngi c cha m l ngi c c cm gic hnh phc, mn nguyn trong cuc sng, yu thng v v tha th ngi c khuynh hng t nhin hnh phc hn nhng ngi c cha m tng l nn nhn ca bo hnh hay tin s gia nh b tm thn, trm cm hoc b nghin.5Oxytocin, Serotonin, Endorphin, Dopamin, Norepinephrin c mnh danh l nhng hot cht hnh phc v chng to ra cm gic gn kt, yu thng, vui, lng lng, ngt ngy, mn nguyn vn l nhng cung bc cm xc con ngi thng c khi hnh phc. HormoneDi truyn

Nu mt ngi sinh ra & c nui dng bi cha m khng ha thun, b b con ci hay nh vn hnh ngh git m, trm cp, c bc, tri tr m ci hoc thm ch l phi ln lc bn chi sm th ch s hnh phc s thp hn so vi ngi c hon cnh sng thng thng v yn bnh hn.Mi trng

You are what you eat!! Oxytocin c mnh danh l cht keo gn kt tnh cm, c tit ra nng cao nht khi m cho con b, hay khi mt ngi t thi yu thng chn thnh, mong c c kt ni, gn b su sc vi ngi thng, hay khi ta vut ve c th mnh vi nim trn trng bit n chnh bn thn.Serotonin l cht dn truyn thn kinh, thc y s nhy cm ln thc cao v nhng g ang din ra xung quanh v cm gic hnh phc trn vn, v d nim vui nh nh m lan ta ko di, c th c sn sinh khi chng ta n nhng thc phm cha nhiu tryptophan (l hot cht nn to ra serotonin) nh da, chocolate, c hi, cc loi qu hch,...Nu bn tng tri nghim tnh yu st nh, lc no ca bn tit ra mt lng rt ln dopamin v norepinephrin, khin bn cm gic nh mnh ang say vy!Cn endorphin vn c mnh danh l ma ty ni sinh, c tit ra rt nhiu khi chng ta t cc khoi trong quan h tnh dc, hoc khi mt ngi tp th dc vi cng cao sau t nht 30 pht. Endorphin khin cho c th chng ta ngt ngy, mn nguyn v cm thy sung mn nht.6Hormone & Dinh dng

Minh ha cu trc phn t endorphin & dy chuyn dnh cho n, m phng cu trc ca endorphin

Nhiu nghin cu kt lun:Ngi kt hn phn ln c ch s hnh phc cao hn ngi c thn V nhng cp d khng c con li c ch s hnh phc cao hn (theo nghin cu trong hc phn Social Psychology ca Coursera)7b. Hnh phc do tnh yu, con ci, bn b

Hy cng i ung c ph!Khng nhng th, bn c bit rng s sn lng dnh thi gian i ung c ph tn gu vi bn b cng gp phn gia tng ch s hnh phc ca bn? Bi v tri nghim d chu em li hnh phc nhiu hn mt vt bn mua c.

c. Hnh phc v Tin?8Nu bn cho rng tin khng mua c hnh phc?Bn cha s dng ng cch!!!Mt cuc kho st cp quc gia c cho thy:i vi mt na dn s (51%) thu nhp thp hn, 30% thy mnh t hnh phc hn mc trung bnh, cn 21% thy mnh hnh phc hn mc trung bnh.

i vi mt na dn s (49%) thu nhp cao hn, 8% thy mnh t hnh phc hn mc trung bnh, cn 44% thy mnh hnh phc hn mc trung bnh. ngi giu ni chung vn hnh phc hn

Bn tiu xi, tr n, mua qu cho chnh mnh?...Mua qu cho ngi khc, lm t thin...

d. HNH PHC l trng thi hay hot ng?

9c t Lai Lt Ma ni rng, hnh phc thc ra l mt trng thi, v c nhng hot ng ch gip con ngi t n trng thi hnh phc

e. Hot ng gip ta hnh phc10Bn c bit?Khi lm nhng hot ng khc nhau, vic c nhn thng nht hay hc hnh, lm vic, no ca con ngi hot ng vi nhng tn s khc nhau. Cc nh khoa hc xc nh c phn ln cc trng thi chn nn, bun b, tht vng, t duy tiu cc, thiu ng lc ca mt ngi u pht ra mt loi sng tng t nh khi tm tr min man, thiu tp trung hoc ngh ngi lung tung, v nh.Vy, hnh phc, chng ta phi tp trung tm tr?

V sao thin c th gip chng ta t trng thi hnh phc?

The application contacts participants throughtheir iPhones at random moments during theirwaking hours, presents them with questions,and records their answers to a database at www.trackyourhappiness.org. The database currentlycontains nearly a quarter of a million samplesfrom about 5000 people from 83 different countrieswho range in age from 18 to 88 and whocollectively represent every one of 86 major occupationalcategories.To find out how often peoples minds wander,what topics they wander to, and how those wanderingsaffect their happiness, we analyzed samplesfrom 2250 adults (58.8% male, 73.9% residing inthe United States, mean age of 34 years) who wererandomly assigned to answer a happiness question(How are you feeling right now?) answered on acontinuous sliding scale from very bad (0) to verygood (100), an activity question (What are youdoing right now?)Bias: nh li hm qua (politically correct: chm sc con), v end emotion good/bad impression10

n ni7% hnh phc n t vic t cc chuyn du lch67% hnh phc ca chng ta n t cc hot ng chun b cho chuyn i, y ho hc mong i nh tm im du lch, tra cu gi c, mua sm vt dng...Chng ta cng mong i n chuyn du lch bao nhiu, th cng hnh phc by nhiuHy i nhiu chuyn du lch ngn thay v mt chuyn diTm kim im du lichTra cu gi ct chuyn du lchMua sm trcchuyn du lchm ngc thi giani n sn bayDi chuyn n a im du lch Hnh phc l khi c khm ph cuc sng...11

Vy, chng ta hnh phc v...

MC HNH PHC CA BN C XC NH BI...Nhng g xy raNhng g bn c th to raDi truyn: n 50%Mi trng: 10%Hot ng c ch : 40%

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2. Lm g hnh phc hn?13

Vy ti nn lm g hnh phc hn?14Thin.Tp trung vo hin ti.Hot ng (tp th dc...).Tri nghim (du lch...).Gn b (quality time).Tng qu (hoa...).Cng tri nghim (du lch...).Cng chi (game...).Chn bn hnh phc.Kt ni (trc tip hn l email, facebook...).Tng qu.Kt ni tt vi ng nghip, (tng qu...).Xem cng vic l th thch (nh game)!!!

Nhng b quyt gip hnh phc hn mi ngy15

Cc nh thn kinh hc xc nh rng hnh thin qua nhiu nm gip tng kch thc v no trn trc bn tri - phn no hot ng ch o khi chng ta t duy tch cc.Mt cuc nghin cu ch ra nhng ngi ch cn ngh n b phim yu thch s tng mc endorphin ln n 27%.Mi ngy tm mt iu tt p yuThinCam kt thc hin c thc cc c ch tt bngKho st cho thy nhng ngi tin hnh 5 hnh ng tt mt ngy c cm gic hnh phc nhiu hn so vi nhng nhm i chng.

Mt nhm bnh nhn chn nn c giao tp th dc 45 pht trong 3 ngy mi tun, kt qu l c s ci thin hnh phc ng k so vi bnh nhn dng thuc trm cm. Hn na, 6 thng sau, t l ti pht bnh trong nhm ny ch c 9% so vi t l 38% nhng ngi ch ngi thin.Chi tiu tin (khng phi cho chnh mnh)The Happiness Advantage ca Shawn Achor c y cc nghin cu v hnh phc v cc ng dng nng cao hnh phc ca bn. Bn cnh cn c cc quyn: The how of Happiness, Happy hour is 9-5, Peak: How great companiesTp th dc46% hc sinh chi tiu tin khi c cho 20$. Nhng hc sinh c yu cu chi tiu tin gip ngi khc cm thy hnh phc hn so vi nhng hc sinh chi tin cho chnh mnh.c nhng quyn sch hay & b chNhng b quyt gip hnh phc hn mi ngy (tt)16

3. Nu ti thnh cng hn, ti c hnh phc hn?17

Chuyn k rng,trc nm 1543, c th gii tin rng tri t l trung tm ca v tr, v mt tri quay chung quanh tri t...

Nhng,Copernicus a ra lp lun ngc li,rng tht ra tri t mi quay quanh mt tri...

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Ngy nay, c mt s nghch o tng t trong lnh vc tm l, v hai khi nim Thnh cng v Hnh phc

Chng ta tng tin rng, nu lm vic chm ch th s c th thnh cng

v

ch khi t c thnh cng, chng ta mi cm thy hnh phc

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Nhng, tng t nh Copernicus, chng ta ang hng n mt s tht tri ngcS tht l khi chng ta hnh phc, chng ta lm ch bn thn, ng vin chnh mnh tt hn, v th chng ta THNH CNG hn!!!

Source: MyCareertopia.com20

4. Hnh phc v hiu qu cng vic

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c nhiu nghin cu khoa hc vs lin quan gia hnh phc v hiu qu cng vic...Nghin cu c tin hnh bi gio s kinh t Satya Paul ti H Western Sydney, c."Chng ta bit rng tin bc khng th mua c hnh phc, hy th xem xt iu ngc li c ng hay khng. T chng ti tm hiu nhng ngi hnh phc c th kim ra nhiu tin hn hay khng", ng chia s v khi im ca nghin cu. tin hnh iu tra, Paul v cc ng nghip xem xt d liu t cc h gia nh, thu nhp ca ngi lao ng Australia. Cuc kho st thu thp thng tin v mc hnh phc t nh gi ca 9.300 ngi, ng pht hin ra rng:

Ngi hnh phc yu thch cng vic ca mnhH lm vic nhiu hn, hiu qu hn V do kim c nhiu tin hn22

Khng nhng thKhi v nh, ngi hnh phc t b nh hng bi cng vic, so vi nhng ngi ang trong tm trng bun chn.Natureworldnews cho hay, sau khi xem xt cc yu t kim sot khc nh tui tc v gii tnh, ng thy rng nhng ngi c hnh phc c s cn bng gia cuc sng v cng vic, h kim c nhiu hn mi nm 1.700 USD so vi nhng ngi cm thy t hnh phc.Trong mt nghin cu gn y vi d liu ly t cc thanh thiu nin M cng cho kt qu tng t. Cc thanh nin hnh phc c xu hng kim nhiu tin hn so vi nhng ng nghip sng m m, hay c tm trng tiu cc.23

Chnh nhng nhn vin hnh phc c hng li th no?

Nghin cu ch ra nhng nhn vin khng hnh phc cn ngh php do bnh nhiu hn 1,25 ngy mi thng v 15 ngy mi nm.Nht k ca 180 n tu t mt tu vin cho thy nhng n tu sng vui ti, tha mn sng lu hn gn 10 nm sau vi nhng n tu sng tiu cc hoc trung lp.Nghin cu ca trng i hc Toronto tm ra tm trng thay i s nh hng ra sao n qu trnh nhn bit cnh vt xung quanh ca b no. Trong mt cuc nghin cu, ba nhm bc s ln lt khm cc bnh nhn. Nhm t nhn thy mnh a ra kt qu nhanh, chnh xc, sng to gp hai ln so vi nhm cn li.Sc khe tt hnSng lu hnTng nng lc thcTng kh nng cnh tranh24

iu g khin h hnh phc?

Nhm d n nhn c khuyn khch t qun l th hin tt hn 31% so vi nhm c qun l t tch cc v t khen ngi.Nhiu nghin cu ch ra khi c cng nhn mt cch c th v c ch ch, th hiu qu ng vin thm ch cn ln hn so ng tin.Trong mt cuc nghin cu, nhm kim tra nng sut ca cng vic lin quan n ging ca qun l, nhit tnh vui v v thn thin bnh thn hu nh to ra hiu qu cao v li nhun ln.S khuyn khchS cng nhnLnh o thn thin25

T chc c li ra sao khi nhn vin cm thy hnh phc?Coors bo co li nhun to ra t $1 chi ph l $6.15 khi cng ty trin khai chng trnh th dc.

Cuc nghin cu Kansas State a ra t l nhy vic thp hn 0,57 ln khi tng ch s hnh phc ln mt n vMt bo co tit l 89% nhn vin c mc hnh phc cao cho bit mc hi lng i vi cng vic cao v gn 2/3 nhng nhn vin ny tip tc ng gp n lc ca h vo cng vic.Tng li nhunNhy vic thpNhn vin t nng sut cao26

Minh chng c th ca vic tng thng trong t chc Chu u, c mt th nghim th v nh sau:Nhn vin c thng bt ng mt khon tin l 15 v c php chi tiu thoi mi cho c nhn, hiu qu cng vic gia tng sau o c tng ng vi ch 4,5Mt ln khc, mi nhn vin cng nhn c mt khon tin tng ng km vi mt yu cu l mua qu cho ng nghip, iu bt ng l khi hiu qu cng vic ca mi ngi gia tng & quy thnh li nhun tng ng 78iu ny c ngha l hnh phc c nhn trong t chc c sc lan ta, v hnh phc c ngha hn khi ta cho i, ng thi hnh ng lan ta hnh phc khng ch lm c nhn hnh phc m cn mang n li nhun thc t (doanh s + li) ln li nhun v hnh (ci thin mi trng & ng lc lm vic)27

5. B quyt duy tr v tng trng hnh phc trong mi trng lm vic

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B quyt hnh phc trong mi trng lm vic29

Ngy lm vic y hoaBn c bit rng nhng bng hoa c th nh hng trc tip n cm gic hnh phc, nng sut v thm ch n tr nh ca chng ta?Theo nghin cu t Harvard v Rutgers, nhng ngi c nhn hoa ni lm vic thng:Tng mc hnh phc100% ngi nhn hoa u ci mt cch chn chn thtNng sut lm vic tng 12%Khi c cy king ti ni lm vicGim cm gic lo lng v tiu ccTng lng t bi v i x t tvi ngi khc trong 1 tun81% ngi nhn hai b hoa t phin mun hn so vi Ngi khng nhn c hoa noNhit tnh v nng n hn ti ni lm vicCi thin tr nh ( i vi ngi ln tui)72% ngi ln tui c tr nh c ci thin khi thng c nhn hoa

M hnh lm vic hnh phc hn30

Lm vic hnh phc hn, khng phi sing nng hnChc chn ri, lm vic chm ch ng l quan trng! Nhng khm ph mi trong tm l hc hin i chng minh rng thnh cng hn, chng ta cn pht huy ngun ni lc ca chnh bn thn, khi , chng ta mi c th lm vic nhiu hn ng thi hiu qu hn thng qua vic tng cng thi tch cc ch ng (good intention)

Mi ngy u thc hin 3 vic tt!!!Bt u mt ngy mi, bn hy ghi ra 3 iu tt m bn s (phi) lm trong ngy hm y v t nh vi bn thn rng bn cam kt thc hin.Vo cui ngy, trc khi ng, dnh 10 pht hi tng v 3 iu mnh lm cho chnh mnh hoc ngi khc, kt qu cng nh cm xc ca bn khi thc hin.Chc chn rng ch sau vi thng, ch s hnh phc ca bn s gia tng. Khng nhng th, bn cng ngy cng tn hng nhng hot ng hnh phc tng chng nh nh nhoi m li su sc y...Vy lm th no pht huy thi tch cc ch ng trong cng vic? 31

Chc bn hnh phc hn mi ngy...

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