Kỹ năng lập kế hoạch công việc - SlideArt.vn 0994536964

  • Published on
    09-Jan-2017

  • View
    176

  • Download
    11

Transcript

  • Gio s, tin s Davis J. Schwartz, tng chia s rng: Nu chng ta xy dng k hochcho tng lai tc l cuc sng ca chng ta l c mc ch. Cuc i bn s l cuc ica k hnh kht, nu trong tay bn chng cmt k hoch g.

  • K NNG LP K HOCH

    KHO BU

    B KP

    THNH CNG

    Ngi thc hin:

  • Ni dung trnh by

    Mt s vn chung

    v lp k hoch

    Cch lp mt bn k

    hoch

    Cc bc lp k

    hoch

  • Mt s vn chung v lp k hoch

  • Lp k hoch?

    Xc nh mc tiu cn t c

    La chn cc Phng n hnh ng

    Tin liu c cc tnh hung xy ra

    Kim tra, gim st hiu qu thc

    hin

    K hoch?

    tp hp nhng hot ng

    c sp xp theo lch trnh, c thi

    gian, ngun lc, n nh mc tiu c

    th, xc nh bin php tt nht

    Khi nim

  • V sao phi lp k hoch ?

    C cn thit? Mang li li ch g

    ng ph tnh hung

    nh hng cng vic

    Gim trng lp, lng ph

    Xy dng cc mc tiu, tiu chun kim

    tra

  • Cn c v nguyn tc lp k hoch

    Cc d bo tng lai

    Cc iu kin hin tiCn c

    Ch ng lp k hoch: to mi trng lm vic

    Tham gia kin ca nhiu ngi: bm st thc t

    C th v c s lin kt cc mc tiu khc

    C tnh linh hot: ph hp vi thay i bn ngoi

    C c ch kim tra: pht hin sm sai lch

    Nguyn tc

  • Bn t duy cng c hiu qu lp k hoch

    Bn t duy?

    T kha gc

    Pht trin thnh nh

    Gip pht trin ti a

    sng to

    Tng hiu qu sp xp

    thng tin

  • Phng php Buzan

    Mt t giy trng

    Bt ch mu;

    B no ca bn;

    Tr tng tng

    B1: T kha gcB2: Hnh nh i

    din t kha gc

    B3: S dng bt

    ch mu,

    B4: v nhnh

    chnh v cc

    nhnh ph

    B5: V nhnh

    bng ng cong,

    thay ng thng

    B6: T kha mi

    nhnh

    B7: S dng hnh

    nh xuyn sut

    bn

  • Bi tp thc hnh Tm lc Phn I

    Lp k hoch l vic xc nh mc tiu cn t c ca t chc, c nhn hnh thnh ccchin lc chung t c nhng mc tiu v xy dng cc phng php chi tit kthp v iu phi cng vic ca t chc.

    Lp k hoch c vai tr rt quan trng trong cuc sng cng nh trong cng vic, n l ttyu bn t c s thnh cng.

    Khi lp k hoch bn phi da trn nhng cn c khoa hc v thc tin. l phi nm ccc d bo v mi trng thc hin k hoch trong tng lai v cc iu kin hin c.

    bn k hoch c tnh kh thi v mang li hiu qu, bn phi tun theo cc nguyn tc khithc hin. l: Phi ch ng lp k hoch; Cn c s tham gia kin ca nhiu ngi; Ccmc tiu ca k hoch phi c th v c s lin kt thnh mt mng li mc tiu; K hochphi c tnh linh hot; Cc hot ng thc hin k hoch phi r rng, ngun lc cho vic thchin k hoch phi c xem xt cn thn; Phi c c ch kim tra vic thc hin k hochtrn thc t.

    Bn t duy l cng c hiu qu bn lp mt bn k hoch khoa hc, hiu qu. Do , cn nm c cc bc tin hnh khi bn thit k mt bn t duy.

  • Cch lp mt bn k hoch

  • 5W1H2C5M

  • Mc tiu cp cng ty, b phn,

    c nhn

    Mc tiu ca cng ty xp t ngn hn n di

    hn nh sau

    Tn ti v tng trng

    Li nhun

    Phn b cc ngun lc v ri ro

    Nng sut

    V th cnh tranh

    Pht trin ngun lc

    Pht trin cng ngh

    Trch nhim x hi

    Xc nh mc tiu, yu cu cng vic (1W Why)

    Tn tr chi: m

    s mc tiu

    Ti sao ti phi

    lm cng vic ny

    N c ngha nh

    th no

    Phn loi

    mc tiu

  • iu kin ca mc tiu

    Specific (c th, rnh mch)

    Measurable (o c, lng c) Con s, nh lng

    Achievable (c th t c, c th thc hin c hay tnh kh thi) Tnh thch thc c gng

    Realistict (thc t): Ph hp vi kh nng

    Timing (c thi gian xc nh)

  • What (ci g?):

    Ni dung cng

    vic l g?

    Hy ch ra cc

    bc thc

    hin cng vic

    .

    Bn hy chc

    rng, bc sau l

    s pht trin ca

    bc trc

    Xc nh nidung cng vic(1W What)

  • Xc nh 3W ( Where, When, Who)

    Thc hin u?

    Thc hin bi b phn no?

    Nhng cng on no?

    Where ( u?):

    Thc hin khi no?

    Khi no lm, kt thc khi no?

    Xc nh mc khn, quan trng ca cc cng vic

    When (khi no?):

    Ai lm, ai kim tra, ai h tr, ai chu trch nhim?

    Who: (ai?):

    4 loi cng vic:

    cng vic quan trng v khn cp,

    cng vic khng quan trng nhng khn cp,

    cng vic quan trng nhng khng khn cp,

    cng vic khng quan trng v khng khn

    cp

    Bn phi thc hin cng vic quan

    trng v khn cp trc

  • Xc nh cch thc thc hin (1H How)

    How (nh th no?)

    Ti hiu hng dn l g?

    Tiu chun l g?

    My mc vn hnh nh th no?

    Xc nh phng php kim sot v kim tra ( 2C Control, check)

    Phng php kim sot (Control)

    c tnh cng vic

    Lm th no o lng

    Cng c o lng, cc im cn kim sot

    Phng php kim tra (check)

    Vic g cn kim tra

    Tn sut kim tra

    Ai kim tra

    im kim tra trng im

    nguyn tc Pareto (20/80)

  • Xc nh ngun lc thc hin (5M Man, money, material, machine, method)

    Man = ngun nhn lc

    Money = Tin bc

    Material = nguyn vt liu/h

    thng cung ng

    Machine = my mc/cng

    ngh

    Method = phng php lm

    vic

    Ai h tr, c nng lc

    khng?

    Ai kim tra?

    Phng nga c khng

    Man

    Ngun

    nhn lc

    Tiu chun nguyn liu

    Tiu chun nh cung ng

    Phng php giao hng

    Thi gian giao hng

    Material:

    nguyn

    vt liu

  • Bi tp

    lp c mt bn k hoch chi tit, c th v khoa hc, bn c thdng phng php 5W1H2C5M bao gm cc yu t sau Xc nh mc tiu, yu cu cng vic (1W Why).

    Xc nh ni dung cng vic (1W What).

    Xc nh 3W ( Where, When, Who).

    Xc nh cch thc thc hin (1H How).

    Xc nh phng php kim sot v kim tra ( 2C Control, check).

    Xc nh ngun lc thc hin (5M Man, money, material, machine, method).

  • Cc bc lp k hochLp danh sch cc

    cng vic cn lm trong ngy, tun,

    thng, nm

    a ra cc mc tiu

    tng ng

    u tin sp xp th t

    cc cng vic

    Tp trung thc hin k

    hoch

    Linh hot trong vic

    thc hin k hoch

    Kim tra vic thc hin

    k hoch

    T to ng lc cho

    bn thn

  • Lp danh sch cc cng vic cn lm trongngy, tun, thng, nm

    Cn suy ngh

    k trc khi

    lp danh sch

    cng vic

    Ch ng

    trong cng

    vic

    Gip bn tng

    qut v s

    lng, trnh t

    cng vic

    Quyt nh

    thnh bi ca

    k hoch

  • a ra cc mc tiu tng ng

    Thit lp mc tiu cng vic

    Lun p dng nguyn tc smart trong lp mc tiu

    Mc tiu c th l thi gian hoc kt qu mong mun

    Bm st mc tiu v mong mun ca bn

  • u tin sp xp th t cc

    cng vic

    u tin cc cng vic cp

    bch, quan trng

    Loi b cc cng vic khng

    ph hp, tit kim thi gian

    v ngun lc

    Tp trung thc hin khoch

    Tp trung cho vic hon thnh mc tiu t ra

    C th kt hp vi cc cng vic khc

  • L thuyt v thc t lun khc nhau

    Lun dnh thi gian x l s c pht sinh

    Linh hot trong

    vic thc hin k hoch

    Lun kim tra mc hon thnh cng vic

    theo ch tiu nh lng

    % hon thnh cng vic, thi gian cng vic

    Kim tra vic

    thc hin k hoch

  • T to ng lc cho bn thn

    Hy t khch l tinh thn v

    khen thng cho bn thn

    mnh

    Khng nn khen thng lin

    tc, hy t khen thng khi

    bn thc s kh vt v mi

    hon thnh xong mc tiu y

  • Trn trng cm n !