Maker movement & education changes - 메이커운동과 교육의 변화

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  • , How the Maker Movement Can Change Education?

    l TechDIY.org l CodeforKids.net

  • , , , 0 ." -

    ->

    , , ,

  • = ?

    , (Computational Thinking)

    2014

  • ...

    ?

    ?

    (IoT, Internet of Things) ?

  • (Computational Thinking)

    (Computing National Curriculum)

    ,

  • (1)

    2013 7 2014 1 5

    : , , 5

    : . .

  • (2), , &(DT) ,

    (Design Practice Magazine)' ,

    , , , , ,

  • (1)

    2011 'K-12 (K-12 Computer Science Standards, Revised 2011)'

    (Digital age skill for everyone)'

    (critical thinking skills) (power of computing)

    (Creativity & Innovation)', ' (Technology Operations)', ' (Digital Citizenship)', '(Critical Thinking)', (Research & Innovation), (Communication & Collaboration)' -5

  • (2)

    1 6 . , ,

    2 6 9 . (computing) ubiquity ,

    3 9 12 - , , -

  • (3)

    -> (Scratch)

    (Seymour Papert) 1980 (Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas) . , 'Media' (constructionism) -> (LOGO)

    , (Fab Lab) (Maker Space)

  • .

  • ! ? 2006!

  • by

    ,

    , .

  • http://www.ted.com/talks/clay_shirky_on_institutions_versus_collaboration

    http://www.ted.com/talks/clay_shirky_on_institutions_versus_collaboration

  • NYU ITP . . thread .

    , .

  • : .

    -

  • : .

    Processing Programing

  • Arduino

  • xBee

  • xBee - Mesh Networking

  • Push and Play

  • (Open Source Hardware) ( ) , ,

    .

    , .

    . .

  • Project Code

    Xbee stuff:Receiving modules:ATID DEAF //pan idATDL 1 //destination addressATIR 14 // sample rateATIT 1 // number of samplesATIU 0 // no serial outATMY (2-4)(different for each receiving module) // addressATD13 // pin 1 digital in high ->sets pin one to read on xbee and sends a logic 1 when pin goes highATD23 // pin 2 digital in highATD33 // pin 3 digital in highEnd receiving modulesSending module:ATID DEAF // pan idATMY1 //local addressATIA (2-4) // sets who to send toATGT // guard time has to be lower than 100 millisecondsEnd sendingEnd xbee stuff

    Arduino code:#define pin1 2 // in pins#define pin2 3#define pin3 4#define pin4 5 // output#define pin5 6#define ledPin 13#define outputPin 10boolean s1 =0; // pin statesboolean s2 =0;boolean s3 =0;boolean s4 =0;long prevmilles =0;long prevmilles2=0;long prevmilles3 =0;long prevmilles4 =0;int beat = 1;int tone = 0;

    void setup () {

    pinMode(pin1, INPUT);pinMode(pin2, INPUT);pinMode(pin3, INPUT);pinMode(pin4, OUTPUT);// set pins to input and output appropriately

    http://jisunlee.net/push/

    http://jisunlee.net/push/

  • : -

  • http://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0180/7671/files/Tornado_3d_Printerd.jpg?1715

    http://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0180/7671/files/Tornado_3d_Printerd.jpg?1715

  • : ! ~ Maker Space

  • : instructables.com, , wiki 1945 (Vannevar Bush) .

    2000 2001 MIT Saul Griffith thinkcycle.org , , .

    2004 iFabricate D.I.Y. .

  • instructables.com

  • !

  • Maker Faire

    Make D.I.Y. , , , , , .

    D.I.Y. , , , .

    , , , .

  • MakerFaire.com

  • 2007 7 20 : DIY

    MP3 .

  • Learn Ideate Design Make Share

  • Tech D.I.Y.

    Kit

  • 2014 Maker Faire in Seoul

  • http://makerfaire.com/

    DIY

    http://makerfaire.com/

  • 2015 10th Anniversary Maker Faire

  • ~

  • Makers Movement

    , (Maker) by (Dale Dougherty)

    , , (Clay Sherky) " (Cognitive Surplus)

  • by (1) , .

    , .

    . .

    . .

  • by (2)

    .

    .

    .

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  • , D.I.Y.(Do-It-Yourself)

    DIT(Do-It-Together) DIO(Do It with Others)

    ,

  • 1 (Instructables)

    D.I.Y. .

    D.I.Y. , .

  • 2

    3D (thingiverse.com) N(makersn.com) .

    , , , , .

  • 3

    (Fab Lab) (Maker Space)3D , , CNC .

    . , .

  • 4 (KickStarter)

    (indiegogo) .

    , . .

  • 5

    , .

    . , .

  • 6

    (Etsy) Shop.

    (micro-manufacturing economy) . .

  • (John Dewey)

    (Chicago Laboratory School)

    2 14

  • (Seymour Papert) 1980 (Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas)

    (Media)' (Constructivism) (LOGO)

  • IKEA Effects

    Michel Norton 2011 7 d (IKEA Effects)

    63%

    5

    ,

  • Maker & Education ???

  • http://makered.org

    http://makered.org

  • (1) (AnnMarie Thomas) (Dale Doughetty) (Maker Education Initiative)

    , , , ,

  • (2)

    (young maker) , , , ,

    (Maker Corps) .

    ,

  • 1998 MIT (Neil Getshenfeld) , , , , .

    ,

  • (1)

    (Makerspace.org) (MakerSpace PlayBook) ,

    1. : . . , , . .

  • (2)

    2. : , , . , . .

    3. : . .

  • (3)

    4. : ? ? ? ? , , .

    5. ( ) : , , " (Makerspace in a Box)" . 3D .

  • !

  • DIY.org

  • CodeforKids.net

  • jisunlee@sookmyung.ac.krfacebook: jisunlee.nethomepage : jisunlee.net

    / http://TechDIY.org

    : http://codeforkids.net

    mailto:jisunlee@sookmyung.ac.kr