Org competition

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PS 708 http://pun2013.bth.cc/

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  • 1. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE. .

2. (COM L XIT P E Y) (F ORM IZAT AL ION) (CE RAL NT IZAT ON) 3. P E Y) L XIT 4. + + + 5. 6. MAL ALIZAT ION) M IZATION) 7. NDARDIZAT ION / -- 8. FORMALIZATIONSTANDARDIZATION STANDARDIZATION COORDINATION COORDINATIONVARIABILITY VARIABILITY 9. TRAL RALIZAT IZATION) ION) T 10. + CENTRALIZATION CENTRALIZATION-Formal InformalDECENTRALIZATION DECENTRALIZATION 11. DECENTRALI- DECENTRALIZATION ZATION CENTRALICENTRALI ZATION ZATION 12. 13. (ST RAT GY) EGY) (ST 14. (ST RAT GY) EGY) (ST 15. 16. 17. (Corporate-level strategy) (Business-level strategy) 18. Corporate Multibusiness Multibusiness level Corporation CorporationBusiness Business Unit 1 Unit 1 Product Product 1 1Product Product 2 2Business Business Unit 2 Unit 2Business Business Unit 3 Unit 3Product Product 3 3Business level 19. (Innovation strategy) differentiation strategy) (breadth strategy) ntrol strategy) 20. Alfred Chandler 21. t Alfred Chandlert+1t 22. 4 les and Snow (STRATEGY) (STRATEGY)DEFENDERS DEFENDERS PROSPECTORS PROSPECTORS ANALYZERS ANALYZERS REACTORS REACTORS 23. DE E F NDE RS ANAL YZE RS 24. P ROSP CT E ORS 25. Environment-Strategy ContinuumLittle Change and UncertaintyRapid Change and High UncertaintyProspectorAnalyzerReactorDefender 26. Cost-leadership strategy Differentiation strategy Focus strategyPort Port 27. M iller 28. M iller 29. M iller B readth 30. 31. Y X Y X 3008002300 2800 32. 33. 34. 35. (( (outputs) (outputs) 36. Joan Woodward Joan Woodward Types of technologies: unit production mass production process production 37. Joan Woodward Joan Woodward 38. Woodward Unit Mass Process production production production / 3 24 1:23 4 48 1:16 39. Charles Perrow Charles Perrow owledge technology) (task variability) (problem analyzability) 40. (task variabili 41. ? ? ? 42. Task Variability ill defined and unanalyzableCRAFTMany ExceptionsNONROUTINEn ut ie- - onro N - - - - - ENGINEERING ROUTINEWell defined and analyzableProblem AnalyzabilityFew Exceptions34 12- - - - in - - te u o R - 43. - P e Cell - 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. ROUTINE NONROUTINE 50. 5 (THE OPERAT (THE OPERAT 2. (THE STRATEGIC APEX) 2. (THE STRATEGIC APEX) . (THE MIDDLE LINE) (THE MIDDLE LINE) (THE TECHNOSTRUCT (THE TECHNOSTRUCT (THE SUPPORT (THE SUPPORT 51. OPERATING CORE) 52. (THE STRATEGIC APEX) 53. (THE MIDDLE 54. . (THE TECHNOSTRUCTURE) 55. / RT STAFF) 56. FIVE BASIC ELEMENTS OF FIVE BASIC ELEMENTS OF AN ORGANIZATION AN ORGANIZATION STRATEGIC APEX TECHNOSTRUCTUREMIDDLE LINESUPPORT STAFFOPERATING CORE 57. (PROFESSIONAL BUREAUCRACY) (PROFESSIONAL BUREAUCRACY) (SIMPLE STRUCTURE) (SIMPLE STRUCTURE) (DIVISIONAL STRUCTURE) (DIVISIONAL STRUCTURE) 58. (MACHINE BUREAUCRACY) (MACHINE BUREAUCRACY) (ADHOCRACY) (ADHOCRACY) 59. HE SIMPLE STRUCTURE (low in comple (little formaliza (centralized (Flat organ decision-making) 60. THE SIMPLE STRUCTURE 61. 62. 63. 64. THE MACHINE BUREAUCRACY ANDARDIZATION) 65. (routine ope (centraliz ( 66. THE MACHINE BUREAUCRACY THE MACHINE BUREAUCRACY 67. VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP VP 68. 69. WEAKNESS 70. 71. THE PROFESSIONAL BUREAUCRACY (STAND (STAN )) (SPECIALIZATION) (SPECIALIZATION) 72. THE PROFESSIONAL BUREAUCRACY 73. 74. (STRENGTHS) (STRENGTHS) 75. (WE NESSE EAK SSES) (W AKNE S) 76. 77. NAL STRUCTURE ( 78. VISIONAL STRUCTURE 79. General Motors CorporationChairman Chairman and and Chief Executive Officer Chief Executive OfficerPresident President and and Chief Operating Chief Operating Officer OfficerExecutive Executive Vice President Vice PresidentPresident Saturn Corp.VP Chevrolet, Pontiac, GM Canada GroupVP Buick, Olds, Cadillac GroupExecutive Executive Vice President Vice PresidentVP Latin American GroupVP Truck and Bus GroupVice Vice Chairman ChairmanExecutive Executive Vice President Vice PresidentVP Asian, African, and Intl Export groupPres. GM EuropeExecutive Executive VP Executive VP Executive Operating && VP Operating VP Public Affairs Finance Public Affairs Finance Staffs StaffsVP Power Products and Defense GroupVP Automotive ComponentsPresident, EDS Corp.VP Quality Reliability and Service GroupExecutive in Charge, Corporate Information ManagementPresident, GM Hughes Electronics Corp.VP Technical Staffs GroupVP and General Counsel 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. DHOCRACY (hierarchy) tle standardization and formalization) 85. DHOCRACY 86. THE ADHOCRACY THE ADHOCRACY 87. APPLIED DATA RESEARCHChairman Chairman and and Chief Executive Chief Executive President President Director, Financial ServicesDirector, ADR Science InstituteDirector, Legal Services Director, Budget and ServicesDirector, Director, Research and Research and Development Development Director, Development Group 1 Director, Development Group 2 Director, Development Group 3 Director, Development Group 4Director, Director, Systems and Support Systems and SupportDirector, Director, Marketing Marketing Director, ADRI Director, Product MarketingDirector, Director, North American North American Operations Operations Director, Area 1 Director, Area 2 Director, Area 3 Director, ADR Canada Director, Major AccountsDirector, Director, ADR Education ADR Education Director, Area 1 Director, Area 2 Director, Area 3 88. 89. 90. (strategy) (technology (environment) (l 91. 92. 93. (ADHOCRACY) (THE MATRIX) (THE COLLATERAL FORM (THE NETWORK STR (THE TASK FORCE) (THE COMMITTEE FORM (THE COLLEGIAL FORM) 94. THE MATRIX 95. A MATRIX ORGANIZATION IN AN AEROSPACE FIRM Design Design engineering engineeringManufacManufacturing turingContract Contract Admin. Admin.Purchasing PurchasingAccounting AccountingPersonnel PersonnelALPHA ALPHA PROJECT PROJECTDesign Design Group GroupManufacturing Manufacturing Group GroupContracts Contracts Group GroupPurchasing Purchasing Group GroupAccounting Accounting Group GroupPersonnel Personnel Group GroupBETA BETA PROJECT PROJECTDesign Design Group GroupManufacturing Manufacturing Group GroupContracts Contracts Group GroupPurchasing Purchasing Group GroupAccounting Accounting Group GroupPersonnel Personnel Group GroupGAMMA GAMMA PROJECT PROJECTDesign Design Group GroupManufacturing Manufacturing Group GroupContracts Contracts Group GroupPurchasing Purchasing Group GroupAccounting Accounting Group GroupPersonnel Personnel Group GroupOMEGA OMEGA PROJECT PROJECTDesign Design Group GroupManufacturing Manufacturing Group GroupContracts Contracts Group GroupPurchasing Purchasing Group GroupAccounting Accounting Group GroupPersonnel Personnel Group Group 96. - (FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENT MANAGER - (PROJECT MANAGER) 97. 2 98. 2 1. (THE TEMPORARY MATRIX)2. (THE PERMANENT MATRIX) 99. 100. 101. THE COLLATERAL FORM THE COLLATERAL FORM 102. THE NETWORK STRUCTURE THE NETWORK STRUCTURE 103. THE NETWORK STRUCTURE THE NETWORK STRUCT