Past Perfect Tense

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Grammar

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  • 1. Past PerfectTense back menu next

2. regular - irregular

  • ed, ( V + ed ),
  • :
  • [ d ]
  • play- play ed , open-open ed , close clos ed
  • [ t ]
  • wash- wash ed , stop- stopp ed , ask - ask ed
  • [ id ] - , [ d ][ t ].
  • want want ed , plant- plant ed , translate translat ed , need - need ed

back menu next 3. . Irregular Verbs.

  • Go went - gone
  • Take-took taken
  • Have had had
  • See saw seen
  • Do did done
  • Bring brought brought
  • Run ran run
  • Put- -put put
  • Find- found found
  • Write -wrote-written
  • Catch- caught- caught
  • Learn- learnt- learnt
  • Teach taught- taught
  • Buy bought- bought

. back menu next 4. Past Perfect Tense back menu next Had + Past Participle (3 ) Regular Verbs HadopenedHadplayed Hadclosed Hadpainted Hadreached Irregular Verbs HadbeenHadseen Hadgone Hadcome Hadbrought 5. When we use Past Perfect Tense

  • - , , .
  • :
  • 5 .
  • By 5 oclock he had already finished the work.
  • .
  • By that time they had already reached the village.
  • , .
  • The passenger came to the railway station when the train had already gone.
  • , .
  • When I came to Moscow my friend had already left for St. Petersburg.

back menu next 6. Learn the Grammar Rule:

  • Past Perfect ( I had done ) - Present Perfect ( I have done ).
  • C:
  • Present Past
  • I'm not hungry. I wasn't hungry.
  • I've just had lunch. I'd just had lunch.
  • The house is dirty. We haven't The house was dirty. We hadn't
  • cleaned it for weeks. cleaned it for weeks.
  • Past Perfect Past Simple:
  • -Was Mary ready to go to the cinema when you came to her?
  • - Yes, she had been ready by the moment.
  • - Jack wasn't in when I phoned him. He was in his office.
  • - Jack had just got home when I phoned him. He had been in his office.

back menu next 7. Present Perfect Tense:

  • Ihad playedfootball.
  • Youhad playedfootball.
  • Hehad playedfootball.
  • Shehad playedfootball.
  • Wehad playedfootball.
  • Youhad playedfootball.
  • Theyhad playedfootball.

back menu next 8. Study the Following Examples

  • He had already fixed his TV set before I came.
  • They had returned from New York before September 11.
  • We reached the port by the evening.
  • By this time yesterday he finished reading the book.
  • When I came to Sochi they have left for Moscow.
  • By the end of June he had paid all his debts.
  • They had discussed all the problems before he came.
  • When he came to the airport the plane had already started off.
  • He already learnt to drive the car before they bought a new one.
  • We have already be hungry before lunch was ready.
  • He had already played football before it began to rain.

back menu next right wrong 9. Interrogative Sentences inPast Perfect Tense back menu next Ihad finishedreading the book. I Had finishedreading the book ? Yes, I had No, I hadnt Yes, you had No, you hadnt 10. Negative Form

  • had not = hadnt
  • Ihadnt goneto school
  • Youhadnt goneto school
  • Hehadnt goneto school
  • Shehadnt goneto school
  • Ithadnt goneto school
  • Wehadnt goneto school
  • Youhadnt goneto school
  • Theyhadnt goneto school

back menu next 11. Have Some Practice This witchwas cooking broth at six oclock. And this witchhadalreadycooked broth by 7 oclock. back menu next 18-57 12. back menu next This pair was dancing when I saw them at the party. And this pair hadalreadystopped dancing before I saw them. 13. This Pirate was dancing jig when the captain saw him. And this Pirate hadalready danced jig before the time the captain saw him . back menu next 14. This group was dancingcancanwhen I entered the hall. And this group hadalreadydanced cancan beforeI enteredthe hall. back menu next