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<ul><li><p>1 </p><p> 33202 6 </p><p> 2558 </p><p> 1 17 6 14 </p><p> 2 2558 </p><p> 34 </p></li><li><p>2 </p><p> 1.) .6/14 1 2.) .6/14 17 </p><p> () () Save world, save energy </p><p> .6/14 1 .6/14 17 </p><p> .. 2558 (Global Warming) 1 3 </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p> 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.) 6.) </p><p> 3/1 50300 ..2558 </p><p> Green house effect </p><p>(CFC) </p></li><li><p>4 </p><p> (Greenhouse Gas) </p><p> 6 </p><p> (CFC Chlorofluorocarbon) </p><p> ( ) - - </p></li><li><p>5 </p><p> () 2 3 1 3 29% () 80% 50% 60% .. 2573 ""</p></li><li><p>6 </p><p> "" (CCS) 20 CCS 20 40 6 </p><p> (H2O) 0- 4% 3 2 </p><p>http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php/%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%B3</p></li><li><p>7 </p><p> (CO2) 1.56 / </p><p>http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%94%E0%B9%8C&amp;action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%8A%E0%B8%B1%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%A2%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A8&amp;action=edit</p></li><li><p>8 </p><p> ..2500 </p><p> 5 6 ppm ((part per million ) </p><p> (CH4) 1.7 ppm 2 0.47 / </p><p> (N2O) 0.14 / </p><p>http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%B5%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%99&amp;action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%95%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%94%E0%B9%8C&amp;action=edit</p></li><li><p>9 </p><p> (CFC) "" (Freon) CFC CFC (ClO) 1 1 1 1 (O3) 3 0.0008% 20 - 30 (O2) (O) (M) 2 </p><p>http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%9B%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B0%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%9F%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B9%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99&amp;action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%99&amp;action=edit</p></li><li><p>10 </p><p> 100 2643 4.5 63 27 </p><p> 1 40 2- 4 10-20 </p><p> 66-90 2532-2545 70,000 </p><p> Global Deserts Outlook 5 50 </p></li><li><p>11 </p><p> 12 50 </p><p> 500 </p><p> 20 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 160,000 17 </p></li><li><p>12 </p></li><li><p>13 </p><p> 1. 2. 5 5 3. 1 30 5 4. 5. 25 1 5-10 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. - 11. 1 1 12,000 12. 13. 14. 12.00-13.00 . 15. 16. 17. 18. </p></li><li><p>14 </p><p>19. 20. 21. 4 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 15 . 31. 32. 2 33. 34. 35. 36. </p></li><li><p>15 </p><p>37. 38. 1 20 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. (Safety Value) 45. 5 5 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 35-40 60 52. Energy Star ( ) 53. 54. </p></li><li><p>16 </p><p>55. 2 56. 25 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 5 </p><p> (%) </p><p>(CO2) </p><p>1) 2) , ( CO2) </p><p>57 </p><p>(CH4) 1) , 2) , , </p><p>12 </p><p>(N2O) </p><p> 1) , , , , , , 2) - </p><p>6 </p></li><li><p>17 </p><p>(CFCS) </p><p> , , ; , ( ) </p><p>25 </p><p> (: Global warming) 20 100 .. 2548 0.74 0.18 (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: IPCC) 20 ( .. 2490) .. 2490 2490 </p><p> 30 IPCC IPCC 1.1 6.4 21 (.. 25442643) .. 2643 (extreme weather) - </p></li><li><p>18 </p><p> "" "" (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: UNFCCC) (Climate Change) "" (Climate Variability) (anthropogenic global warming) </p><p> ( ) (scientific consensus) 50 (thermal inertia) (Climate commitment) .. 2543 0.5 </p></li><li><p>19 </p><p> .. 2367 .. 2439 33 30-60% () 926% (CH4) 49% 37% (N2O) CO2 CH4 31% 149 % .. 2290 () 650,000 CO2 20 (Fossil fuel) CO2 3 4 CO2 20 CO2 383 (ppm) CO2 (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) IPCC CO2 541 970 .. 2643 2643 (methane clathratesmethaneclathrates : = 1 : 5.75 ) </p></li><li><p>20 </p><p> CO2 CO2 CO2 (atmospheric lifetime) IPCC 4 (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (32) CO2 CH4 (permafrost) (frozen peat bogs) (clathrate gun hypothesis) (mesopelagic zone) 100 200 </p></li><li><p>21 </p><p> 2 4550% .. 24432543 2535% .. 25232543 20 ( .. 2490) </p><p> (solar output) (galactic cosmic rays) .. 2505.. 2515 .. 2490 .. 2549 0.07% 30 .. 2528 - </p></li><li><p>22 </p><p> 0.75 .. 2403 2443 (instrumental temperature record) .. 2522 2 (0.25 0.13 ) 0.12 0.22 .. 2522 1 2,000 .. 2422 (Medieval Warm Period) (Little Ice Age) </p><p> " (Goddard Institute for Space Studies) .. 2400 .. 2548 .. 2541 (World Meteorological Organization) .. 2548 .. 2541 " 20 ( .. 2490) CO2 CO2 (Paleoclimatologist) 8,000 5,000 </p></li><li><p>23 </p><p> EPICA 800,000 8 ( 180 ) 5 400% CO2 150,000 (clathrate gun hypothesis) - (Permian-Triassic extinction event 251 )- (Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum 55 ) </p><p> (radiative transfer) (climate sensitivity) IPCC 21 (.. 2643) 1.1 6.4 .. 2523 2442 .. 2453 2488 .. 2518</p></li><li><p>24 </p><p> (SRES: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) IPCC ( A2 SRES CO2 20 200 ppm) </p><p> (glacial retreat) (Arctic shrinkage) (extreme weather) IPCC .. 2544 3 IPPC 2 (IPCC Third Assessment Report) , 4 (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report) IPCC </p></li><li><p>25 </p><p>.. 2513 110 770 .. 2533 .. 2643, , , , , - 1,103 18% 35% .. 2593 </p><p> 100 10 (tC) ( 3 ) 350 ( 95 ) 43 (12 ) 1% (global per capita consumption) 20% (United Nations Environment Programme) </p></li><li><p>26 </p><p> .. 2550 (Center for Strategic and International Studies) (Center for a New American Security) </p><p> CO2 (Emissions trading) (UNFCCC) .. 2540 160 65% .. 2555 .. 2550 </p><p> . 80% </p></li><li><p>27 </p><p> 20 .. 2548 3 IPCC .. 2550 IPCC (Carbon dioxide equivalent: CDE) 445 710 .. 2573 (GDP) 0.6% 3% </p><p> "" (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (ExxonMobil) </p></li><li><p>28 </p><p> (newly developed economies) .. 2549 </p><p> (ocean acidification) CO2 CO2 CO2 pH 8.25 8.14 .. 2547 pH 0.14 0.5 .. 2643 CO2 pH CO2 (Global dimming) (irradiance) 20 (.. 2490) .. 2503 2533 66-90% (Ozone depletion) </p></li><li><p>29 </p><p>1.) 2.) 3.) .. 2558 4.) .. 2558 5.) 6.) </p><p> 1. </p><p>2. </p><p>3. </p><p>4. </p><p>5. </p><p>6. </p><p>7. </p><p>8. </p><p>9. </p><p>10. </p><p>11. </p><p>12. </p><p>13. </p><p>14. </p><p>15. </p><p>16. </p><p>17. </p><p>18. </p></li><li><p>30 </p><p> .. 2558 0 </p><p> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 </p><p>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </p><p> 3/1 50300 </p></li><li><p>31 </p><p> . . []. : http://www.talesrunner.in.th/TRSaveTheWorld/TRsaveTheWorld.aspx?id=21. ( 10 58 ). . . []. : http://www.oknation.net/blog/print.php?id=715785. ( 10 58 ). . . []. : http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/ . ( 11 58 ). Green The Earth. . []. : http://www.greentheearth.info/-. </p><p>( 11 58 ). ( ). . []. : http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate- and-energy/climate-change-science. ( 11 58 ). </p><p>http://www.talesrunner.in.th/TRSaveTheWorld/TRsaveTheWorld.aspx?id=21http://www.oknation.net/blog/print.php?id=715785http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%0b%20http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%0b%20http://www.greentheearth.info/-http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate-%20%0b%20and-energy/climate-change-sciencehttp://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate-%20%0b%20and-energy/climate-change-science</p></li></ul>