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<ul><li> 1. 5303030596 . 646 (Seminar on Foreign Policy of Federal Republic of Russia) </li></ul> <p> 2. 1991 21 15 Democrat Socially liberal and progressive platform 3. WTO - WTO 20002003 - 20042006 - WTO 4. (Russia the U.S. economic relations in Obama administration) Democrat Liberal (Soft Power) (Hard Power) Rose Revolution Georgia 2003 Orange Revolution Ukraine 2004 George W. Bush Bush NATO 5. .. 2009 Dmitry Medvedev WTO Permanent Normal Trade Relation (PNTR) The Jackson-Vanik amendment 1974 ( ) 2000 22% 19% 0.7% 1.3% 2008 3.3% 4.4% Inter-industry trade 90% 6. 18 2000-2008 0.3% ( 6 ) 2000-2008 7. 3% 2000-2008 Urals (Intra-industry trade) Obama lobby Permanent Normal Trade Relations full compliance WTO 8. WTO PNTR The Jackson-Vanik amendment Trade Act 1974 Temporary NTR 1992 PNTR Jackson-Vanik WTO OECD WTO OECD WTO 50% 1992 [The Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT)] The BIT WTO WTO 20002003 9. Putin 2000 WTO priorities German Gref Putin Greg WTO WTO Yegor GaidarBoris Fedorov Yevgeny Yasin Yakov Urinson Putin 2003 WTO WTO WTO WTO WTO CEO Oleg Deripaska Rospromavto The Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Yevgeny Primakov Alexei Gordeev 10. WTO 3.3% GDP 11% GDP 20042006 2004 Putin authoritarian power 2003 United Russia WTO (Nationalization) (Human rights violation) Jackson-Vanik amendment EU 11. WTO Obama New START treaty (2010) Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 PNTR (Freedom-of-emigration) The Jackson-Vanik amendment Normal trade relations (NTR) Most-favored nation (MFN) NTR MFN 22 1998 NTR Temporary NTR 1992 Trade Act 1974 Jackson-Vanik amendment Jackson-Vanik amendment Centrally Planned Economies (CPEs) Nonmarket economy diploma taxes 12. WTO 18 95% 2012 WTO Jackson-Vanik amendment ( 2011) Jackson-Vanik amendment WTO WTO WTO (Non-application) WTO WTO 13. (National Interest) Jacksonvanik amendment Permanent Normal Trade Relations Jackson-vanik amendment WTO WTO 2012 WTO South Ossetia Abkhazia 14. Linkage Theory (Internal Factors) (External Factors) Rosenau (Linkage Politics) (Linkage Theory) Rosenau . . . . . . . 15. . Reform Non-Reform 2001 2004 Soft Power Balance of Power ( ) 2 1 16. 2 (Balancers) Hard Soft Power Soft Power Diploma taxes Jackson-vanik amendment Permanent Normal Trade Relations 17. (2003) : Cooper , William H (June 16, 2011) Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.- Russia Economic Ties CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service Nestmann, Thorsten (July 6, 2009) U.S.-Russia Economic Relations, Room for Improvement But Do Not Expect Too Much Deutsche Bank Research Pifer, Steven (Jan 2009) Reversing the Decline: An Agenda for U.S.-Russia Relations Foreign Policy at Brookings The U.S.-Russia Business Council (Feb 2009) Recommendations to the Obama Administration Regarding the U.S.-Russia Commercial Agenda Aslund, Anders Russias WTO Accession (Nov 21, 2006) Peterson Institute for International Economics Available URL: 18. http://www.iie.com/publications/papers/pape r.cfm?ResearchID=686 Obama: U.S. has reset relations with Russia (16-Oct-2011) Available URL: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/37892671/ns/politicswhite_house/t/obama-us-has-reset-relations-russia/Putin: Obama may ease Russia-US relations (11Oct-2011) Available URL: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/dec/04/vladimir-putin-barack-obamaUS-Russian Economic Relations Near Failure (8Apr-2011) Available URL: http://english.pravda.ru/business/finance/08-04-2010/112934-e conomic_relations-0/Resetting the US-Russia Relationship: US and Russia Trying to Move Past Tensions (9-Sep2011) Available URL: http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/alliesenemies/a/us-russia-reset.htmGeorgia Still Opposes Russias WTO bid (14-Sep2011) Available URL: http://www.chinapost.com/business/ameri cas/2011/10/10/319376/Georgia-still.htm Bryanski, Gleb Russias 2011 WTO entry hinges on EU: Kremlin (15-Sep-2011) Available URL: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/1 5/us-russia-summit-wtoidUSTRE78D44E20110915</p>