The power of decisions

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    07-May-2015

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Speech 104 Extra Credit

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  • 1.The Power of Decisions By: Stephanie Platt Speech 104

2. Two Types of Decisions We make many decisions on a day to day basis. But what triggers the decisions that we make? Do we think before we act? Do we use what we have learned in the past? Do we just guess and hope its the right decision? We come to a decision in 1 of 2 ways; Voluntarily, or Involuntarily 3. Involuntary Decision Making This happens when we have to make a decision quickly, and we do not think the decision through. We make the decision out of habits and things that we learn over the course of our lives. Stimulus Response Method This is when we make a decision, and we are rewarded for it, so we continue our behavior based on the feeling we get from the reward. For Example: A baby tosses a ball in the air and catches it. When she does, everyone claps. She knows she will get this reward every time, so she repeats the behavior continuously 4. Involuntary Decision Making (Cont) Hidden Persuaders These are hidden messages placed in songs, and commercials to make our involuntary decision making a little easier and more beneficial to those that want you to buy or use their product. For Example: Red is the color that we pay most attention to. It is the most warm and energetic. Every wonder why the whole Target store is made of up red color. It attracts people and makes us want to shop there. When we are inside, the red color relaxes us, and makes it so that we never want to leave, thus we spend more money. 5. Voluntary Decision Making When you make decisions this way, you take into account all of the facts and evidence presented to you. This process is often frustrating and takes longer Although it is a voluntary decision, outside sources like; Credible Sources, Authority Figures, Ones Peers, Groupthink and the interpersonal needs for affection, and Inclusion and control are still working to influence you 6. Voluntary Decision Making (Cont) Credible Sources People we trust Good Friends Family Members Ethos Authority Figures God Parents Teachers Police 7. Voluntary Decision Making (cont) Peer Influence Friends People we want acceptance from Collegues Groupthink Trying to make peace within a group 8. Interpersonal Needs Need For Affection First need to appear in our lives Need to be loved and give love as well Need for Inclusion and Control Need to be part of a group or organization Desire to be included with others Need to have power and influence over a decision Need for Responsibility 9. Decisions and Probability Probability The chances that a critical thought will become a reality Many factors go into making decisions, for example the cart below represents questions you would ask when you want a pizza. This chart helps make the correct and informed decision 10. Critical Thinking and Decision Making Critical thinkers should have rules when making decision Focus on the outcome Be aware of ethical implications Evaluate the decision making process