The present simple tense

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  • 1. TheUsagesofthePresentSimpleUSE 1: Repeated ActionsUSE 2: Facts or Generalizations

2. Use1 USE 1: Repeated ActionsUsethePresentSimpletoexpresstheideathatan actionis repeated or usual.Theactioncanbeahabit,ahobby,adailyevent,ascheduledeventorsomethingthatoftenhappens.Itcanalsobesomethingapersonoftenforgets.orusuallydoesnotdo 3. ExamplesSubject+(Verb)+(s,es)+Objectplay-Itennis.doesnot- Sheplaytennis.leaves-The traineverymorningat8am. doesnot- Thetrainleaveat9am. 4. USE2:FactsorGeneralizationsThePresentSimplecanalsoindicatethespeaker PresentSimplebelievesthatafactwastruebefore,istruenow,andwillbetrueinthefuture.Itisnotimportantifthespeakeriscorrectaboutthefact.Itisalsousedto.makegeneralizationsaboutpeopleorthings 5. ExamplesSubject+(Verb)+(s,es)+Object likeCatsmilk.-. donot.-Birdslikemilk areWindowsmadeofglass.-.-Windowsmadeofwood arenot 6. GrammaticalViewPresent Simple, third person singular:Notehe, she, it:A ,inthethirdpersonsingulartheverb : always ends in she want sshe need s 7. .BAdd es :toverbsendingin x shsshe fix esit push eshe pass es choshe catch esHe go es 8. :C Verbs ending in y the third person changes the; y to iesflyfliescry cr ies:Exception y :If there is a vowel before the playplays prayprays 9. Negative and question formsuse DOES (=thethirdpersonofthe auxiliaryDO)+theinfinitiveoftheverb.Hewants. Does hewant?He does not want. 10. :Examples. 1.Third person singular with s or esa. He goestoschooleverymorning.b. She understandsEnglish.c.It mixesthesandandthewater.d.He triesveryhard.e.She enjoysplayingthepiano. 11. :Present Simple, form. 2Example:to think, present simpleAffirmativeInterrogativeNegativethinkIDoIthink? Idonotthink.thinkYouDoyouthink? Youdontthink.s)hinkthe, she, it( Doeshe,she,itthink? He,she,itdoesntthink.thinkwe Dowethink?Wedontthink.thinkyouDoyouthink? Youdontthink. 12. :Thepresent simpleisused simple A.toexpresshabits,generaltruths,repeatedactions :orunchangingsituations,emotionsandwishes Ismoke(habit);IworkinLondon(unchangingsituation); Londonisalargecity(generaltruth)..Hedrinksteaatbreakfast-.Sheonlyeatsfish-Theywatchtelevisionregularly- 13. :B.togiveinstructionsordirectionsYou walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left.-YoutaketheNo.6bustoWatneyandthentheNo.10toBedford..Openthepacketandpourthecontentsintohotwater- 14. :c.toexpressfixedarrangements,presentorfuture-Yourexamstartsat09:00. starts .Thebellringsat8:00-Thebusarrivesat7:00 15. D.toexpressfuturetime,aftersomeconjunctions:after, :when, before, as soon as, untilHellgiveittoyouwhenyou comenextSaturday- come.Hismotherarrivestomorrow--Ourholidaystartsonthe26thMarch..Shellseeyoubeforeshe leaves- 16. TimeexpressionsTherearetimeexpressionsthatweuseonlywiththe:PresentSimpleandtheyareEveryday,everyFriday,everyweek,everymonth,everysummer,1 ..everymonth,everyyear,always,usually,etcAllthetime.2..Igotoschoolevery day.Hevisitsme,every summer 17. Activities1. Ask your friends questions about what they do atdifferent times. Also ask about their families.- "What time do you get up?" - "When do your brothers goto bed?"Write down the questions and give them to your teacherfor checking. 18. (Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple?..1__________________________________.Iworkinabank .2_____________________________________? .Mybrotherisanengineer ?___________________________________.3 .Helivesinanapartmentbuilding 19. Putin:do/dont/does/doesnt. ?Excuseme,_____________youspeakEnglish.1 WheresAnn?I_____________know.2..George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play veryoften.3