יזמות חברתית בישראל 2011

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  • 1. ,: : : 2011 2011

2. 2 :2011 11.4 22.5 5 . 5 . 5 . 6 . 33.7 7 . 7 . 44.8 8 . 9 . 10 . 55.13 13 . 15 . 18 . 19 . 66.20 20 . 20 / . 20 ) / / ( . 20 . 77.22 22 Seed - . 22 Growth - . 23 Late Stage - . 88.24 99.25 25 . 29 . 31 . 32 . 33 . 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 3. 3 :2011 11.5 22.9 33.9 44.10 55.11 66.11 77.12 88.12 99.13 1010.14 Seed - 1111.14 Growth - 1212.15 Late Stage - 1313.15 Seed - 1414.16 Growth - 1515.16 Late Stage - 1616.18 Seed - 1717.18 Growth - 1818.19 Late Stage - 1919.21 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 4. 4 :2011 , ,,. ( , , .) . / .1 1 - . - . - . . ) ( .2 , - Seed/Early stage . . , , , , - Growth . . , Late Stage . . .3 , - . . . . . . , - . . .1 ) ( - , 1 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. 5 :2011 . , . . , . , : , , . , . . , , , . ) ( , . , . , : , . ,2008 2006 , , ( , . , : , .)2011 , . , . ,)scale -( , : . , , , . , , . , . . . , . , , . , . : , ,) ( , , , , : 1 . .1 / 2 , , , ( ) 3 , , , . . . 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 .2 . , , 2 . , , 3 6. 6 :2011 . , . . , . ( . , ) , . . , . . , , , . ( Builder Funding , Buyer ) .) 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( . 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 .4 .2004- . . , 200 - , 200 - . . , , . . : , . ,2008 . .IVN ,2009 , ( : :) ( ) , . - - , . . , , ( 2002- , , ) , .)( ) 15 ( , 6 . , ,) , ( 22 , , , , , . 4,000 , .) ( , , . , , , . , , , , . . , 9. 9 :2011 : .2 - )Scale( ( )Scale - , , , , , . : : . , , , . , , . , . , , , , , , , , , . .. , , . , : . , , . : . , . , , . , . , . . , , , , . , , ( , . . ) ? ? ? ? , ? 4. .3 ? ? ( , ) ? ? , Scale ? , / / / ( ) , , 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 .4 . )2011 ( 4 , , , . . 10. 10 :2011 ? - - - - / ( ) / - - - - . 6 ,5 - / 7 ( ) . 15 , . . , .4 AQA . , ( , . , , ,) , . , , . , , , . , , , . , , ( , . , ,) . , , . , , , , . - , , , . . , . ) ( , , , . , , . ,) ( . , , . . . , . 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 .4 , / ( 5 , - ( , , 6 ) , . , 7 11. 11 :2011 .5 / 8 , , , ) ( 9 , , , . - . 2003 , , , , , - . , . , , , .PC , , 12 )2011 ( . , , , . . 100- , , , . , . . - .6 - . - . , , - . , ( ) , ( ) ,Cisco 30- ,Office - Windows . , Presentense .4 . , , 8 . , , 9 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 12. 12 :2011 - . - . , . , . 2007 . , , , . . , .7 100 , , , . . , )( ,) ( ( , ) , . - 2008 , , , , 2006 10. ,2008 ynet . , , ) ( 11 . .8 , : , , . , ( 2M .) , ( ( , . . , . , , . , ( . 12 ) . / . / / 64 , . .4 . , 10 . , )2011 ( http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-3509110,00.html 11 . 12 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 13. 13 :2011 . , . , . : , , .Early stage - Seed , , . , .Growth . , , , , .Late Stage . , , . , .9 Early stage / SeedGrowthLate stage / , , + / ( ) ) ( ,) ( R&D , ) ( , : , , , . , ) ( , ( ,) , / / / ) ( , , , . , . , , : , . : . . , , : , . , . . , : . , . , . - ,Ebay Ebay . , , .)Garage sales( ( ,2002 1.5 Ebay ,PayPal .) , , , , , , . : , ) ( ( , ;) ; , . , ; , . ; .5 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 14. 14 :2011 , , .)Merger and Acquisition( , . , .) , ,( . 13, :Seed - Seed - .10 / / , , , , ( Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust, )SBA ) ( )NASE, NFIB( , , , ( ,Ycombinator, ) )SBA( ) ( ,( ,SBA )Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust ) ,( ( , , 8200 )NASE , )( ) ,( , ,( )Ycombinator - ,) ( R&D , ) ( ) ,( )( ) ,( ,) , ( )( ,( )Ycombinator , SBA,( ,NASE ) , )NASE, NFIB( Bharatiya Yuva( )Shakti Trust )( :Growth - Growth - .11 / / , ( ) , , , ( ) ,( , ) ) ( , ( ) ( ) ,( ) - , : , , , . ( ) ( ) ,( ) , ,( ) / / )SBA( )( )( ,( ) .5 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 13 15. 15 :2011 :Late Stage - Late Stage - .12 14 / / + / , ( , , ) , - , / Joint Ventures M&A / / , , , , ,- , . - , . , , , , . , , . ,- - , , , , , , . , , , . , . . . , , , , , . :Seed / Early Stage - Seed - .13 / , , UnLtd Echoing Green Draper Richards ,Foundation YSEI Echoing Green Draper Richards ,Foundation YSEI Changemakers , , - ,) ( R&D , ) ( UnLtd Echoing Green, Draper Richards ,Foundation YSEI Echoing Green, Draper Richards Foundation, YSEI ,) , ( Changemakers Echoing Green, Draper Richards Foundation, YSEI Echoing Green, Draper Richards Foundation, YSEI ( . ) , , UnLtd Changemakers YSEI YSEI .5 Late Stage - , 14 . 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 16. 16 :2011 :Growth - Growth - .14 / UnLtd Draper Richards Foundation - Venturesome Triodos Bank Skoll Foundation, Acumen Fund, Ashoka, Draper Richards Foundation - Venturesome Triodos Bank , , - , , : , , . UnLtd Draper Richards Foundation Ashoka , Skoll Foundation, Acumen Fund, Draper Richards Foundation , UnLtd Draper Richards Foundation Ashoka , Skoll Foundation, Schwab Foundation / / ( . ) , UnLtd Draper Richards Foundation Skoll Foundation, Acumen Fund, Draper Richards Foundation, Ashoka :Late Stage - Late Stage - .15 / + / - Venturesome Triodos Bank Skoll Foundation , Ashoka - Venturesome Triodos Bank , , - , , / Joint VenturesJoint Ventures Ashoka , Skoll Foundation, Schwab Foundation / / . , , - Seed - , , ,Early stage , . . , , . , . , , 17,000 - , ,UnLtd . , UnLtd , . , , Changemakers . , , .- , ,Scale - , , . , , . Seed - .5 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 17. 17 :2011 15 , , Nonprofit Finance Fund (NFF( , . , )Builder Funding( , .) ( , , , , , . , , , , . , Buyer ( , , .)Funding , , , , , , . . Builders :Buyers , , . ( ) , : , . , , . . , , , . )Peer Group( - .- .5 .2010 NFF 15 Builders Pay to build an enterprise that is then used by buyers and beneciaries Enterprise Turns buyer money into program execution Credit for Firm-Building Philanthropic Equity Revenue Credit for Program Execution Program Execution Buyers Exchange money for program execution Beneciaries Derive benets from program execution Revenue Credit for Program Execution Program Execution Buyers Exchange money for program execution Beneciaries Derive benets from program execution Decits Incurred En Route to Sustainability Expense Start-Up Proof-of-Concept Expansion Sustainable Operations Point of Sustainability Business Model Revenue 3 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 18. 18 :2011 . , , (...