хүүхдийн нүүр амны эмчилгээний үед анхаарах зүйлс

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    16-Apr-2017

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<ul><li><p> *</p></li><li><p>The neural, psychiatric and growth characteristics in age groups of children The points in Pediatric Dentistry</p><p> , , </p></li><li><p>The neural, psychiatric and growth characteristics in age groups of children The points in Pediatric Dentistry</p><p> , , </p></li><li><p>1 under 1 year old2-3 2 to 3 years old4-5 4 to 5 years old6-8 6 to 8 years old9-12 9 to 128 years old</p></li><li><p> -Have attention span of between very short time1 Can speak single word from 1 year old1 Can look stable things to all direction in 3-4 months and loud noise3-4 Can recognize mothers face and voice and others in 7-8 months7-8 . 2-3 months after birth they can cry when he was bad feeling and can smile when he was happy 2-3 , 6 months after birth their positive and negative emotions begin to develop differentiately besides exciting (laugh, angry, afraid, neglect)6 , (, , , ).The social development of children was influenced by self and environmental factors . From the birth can not stay far away people and community . </p></li><li><p> Have attention span of between 5-10 minutes 3-4 -short memory -Actions &amp; objects much easier to understand than words , -Confuse real &amp; imaginary -Believes all you say -Able to choose between two possibilities 2 -Extremely curious -Doesn't understand teasing -Meets frustration with crying, kicking, biting , , -Meets correction with temper outbursts -Completely self-centered , -Willing to conform -With guidance, recognizes others' rights and waits briefly for own turn , , -Imitates parents in worship -Attitudes toward others, authority, parents, &amp; God is formed in these years , , -Wants to help &amp; please, -Nervous system sensitive to over-stimulation by noise and confusion </p></li><li><p> -Have attention span of between 5-10 minutes5-10 -Reasoning is based on appearance, observation powers not accurate -No understanding of cause and effect -Unable to consider the motivation behind action -Fantasy is at its height Has a great imagination, -Learns to develop attitudes concerning right and wrong -Tries to sort out real from what is pretend -Aware of what people think and say about him Fears people laughing at him , -Enjoys obedience and thrives on praise , -Imitates adults -Leadership is beginning to show and tends to be bossy -Can learn to share with one or two others -Learning to understand fairness </p></li><li><p> -Have attention span of between 15-20 minutes15-20 -Are concrete and literal minded -Have little realization of chronological sequence -Tells you exactly how he feels: sick, happy, or miserable . : , , -Thrives on praise and acceptance , -He exercises his feelings rather than self-control -Self-confidence in his ability to know what and how things are done -Are concerned about group acceptance -Likes to assert himself. Wants to be first, best, biggest and to win . , , , -Can begin to give of self. Starts to demonstrate generosity and kindness . , -Protective attitude toward younger children </p><p>*</p></li><li><p> -Have attention span of 30-45 minutes30-45 -Likes to be challenged , -Can learn abstract concepts -Growing understanding of principles behind rules -Self-righteously &amp; rigidly applies his code of rules , -Sensitive to his own failures and short comings -Able to see own actions &amp; motives objectively Able to analyze failures &amp; makes plans to act change , , -They want to join, to become affiliated with the beliefs and values of the important adults in their lives , , -Can begin to sacrifice self-interest for others -Can learn not to compare himself with others </p><p>*</p></li><li><p>The neural, psychiatric and growth characteristics in age groups of children The points in Pediatric Dentistry</p><p> , , </p></li><li><p>Delivering productivity, effectively, standardized dental services to people, , Dentistry must be revisited by the dental profession and applied to both the clinical and business areas of the office - , </p></li><li><p>Pediatric Triangle - The team attitude Organization The positive approach Truthfulness Tolerance Flexibility </p></li><li><p>Family , Dental health team </p></li><li><p>In pedodontics, an organized plan is a necessity and proper treatment plan should be discussed with the parents beforehand.- A well-organized, written treatment should be available for the dentist and the office staffs. , While records can be kept in many ways, it is important to recognize that the information has to be available to the dental office team </p></li><li><p>Organized plans in the dental office have many dimensions, beginning, for example, with the reception area . Who summons the new patient: dentist, the dental assistant, the dental hygienist? ? , , ?If a child creates a disturbance in the reception area, who will deal with the problem? ?</p></li><li><p>To achieve success with children, it is important to anticipate success The positive statements are far more effective than thoughtless questions or remarks directed primarily to parent figures When dealing with difficult children, dentist must mask emotional reactions to a situation and must remain positive </p></li><li><p>To take a positive approach when summoning patients or discussing treatment procedures, it is important that the dental team , For example, the hygienist summoning a child from the reception area will undoubtedly get a better response by saying, Bat, come with me, please; it is your turn to see the doctor, than by asking Bat, would you come with me? ? , . The dentist says Now Im going to clean your teeth, rather than I think it is time to clean your teeth now, OK? , ? </p></li><li><p>Positive and direct communication is not difficult to learn</p><p> . </p></li><li><p>Unlike adults, most children see things as either black or white. The shades between are difficult for them to discern. . </p><p>The youngsters the dental health team is either truthful or not. Therefore truthfulness is extremely important in building trust and is a fundamental rule for dealing with children </p></li><li><p>For example, when child is told that a appointment is for a checkup, it is wrong to proceed with a restoration. Since children often do not understand the reason for a change in plan, dentist must take the time to explain. , . .</p></li><li><p>Tolerance level, a seldom-discussed concept, varies from person to person. . Recognizing individual tolerance levels is especially important when dealing with children .All people have limitations in dealing with negative behavior .</p></li><li><p>The important thing is for clinicians to know their tolerance levels . Afternoon persons should instruct receptionists not to book behavior problems first thing in the morning. .Learning to recognize factors that overtax tolerance levels is one way to avoid loss of self-control .</p></li><li><p>The dental team has to be flexible , . Because children are children, lacking in maturity, the dental team has to be prepared to change its plans at times. . .A child may be begin fretting and squirming in the dental chair after half an hour, and the proposed treatment may have to be shortened , , 30 .</p></li><li><p>A dental staffs likes to see a child enter the office calmly, progress through treatment easily, and leave the office happily , , . For this to occur, everything has to go well from beginning to end. The beginning is the appointment schedule. . .A first time child patients appointment should follow the appointment of a child with a positive behavior, when the children are of the same sex and closely matched in age . </p></li><li><p>Children are bundles of energy. Lacking the patience of adults , . The point is that adults may relax and read, but children become restless and tired , , .A child should not be kept waiting in the reception area and that every effort should be made to be on time , . </p></li><li><p>Waiting periods for children as short as possible </p><p>Suggestions included childrens books, toys, fish tanks, blackboards, building blocks, small chairs and tables, and even an old typewriter , , , , , , . </p></li><li><p>By reducing the time between appointments, the dental team uses a management strategy that can be called the rapid sequence appointment technique . The rapid sequence appointment technique is a form of behavior modification that desensitizes the anxious child , . . </p></li><li><p>Although many dentists encourage morning appointments for children, some situations necessitate changes in the office schedule For example, sedation was supposed to relax the child, facilitating a lengthy treatment. But most of children are accustomed to an afternoon nap frequently have higher activity levels in the morning. So child needs more sedation in the morning . , . </p></li><li><p>By seeing handicapped children at either end of the morning or afternoon , . Young childrens tolerance level is high between 9 am and 5 pm 9 5 </p></li><li><p>Historically, writers have agreed that the nature of childhood precludes the sustained that may be associated with a long dental appointment. This generally is defined as any period in excess of half an hour . 30 - Patient up to 5 years of age was designed 15 minutes as the maximum length for a dental appointment. The longer appointment was the likelihood of stress or fear reactions5 15 . , </p></li><li><p>*</p><p>*</p></li></ul>

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