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CU HI TRC NGHIM BLOCK 3BI SINH L BNH I CNG V RI LON TUN HON

Cu 1: Tnh trng no sau y khng gy tng lu lng tim:A. Thao tc.B. Thai nghn.C. Bo ph.D. St. E. H van tim.Cu 2: Tnh trng bnh l no sau y khng gy tng lu lng tim:A. Thiu mu mn.B. Dn rng t ngt mch mu ngoi vi.C. Bnh Bri-bri.D. u nng tuyn gip.E. Thng gia ng mch v tnh mch ln.Cu 3: C ch no sau y gp trong bnh Bri-bri:A. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng chuyn ha c s.B. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng khi lng m.C. Ri lon chuyn ha trong vng Krebs do thiu sinh t B1.D. Gim ti oxy n cc m do thiu hemoglobin.E. Gim cung cp mu n cc m.Cu 4: C ch no sau y gp trong u nng tuyn gip:A. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng chuyn ha c s.B. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng khi lng m.C. Ri lon chuyn ha trong vng Krebs do thiu sinh t B1.D. Gim ti oxy n cc m do thiu hemoglobin.E. Gim cung cp mu n cc m. Cu 5: C ch no sau y gp trong thiu mu:A. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng chuyn ha c s.B. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng khi lng m.C. Ri lon chuyn ha trong vng Krebs do thiu sinh t B1.D. Gim ti oxy n cc m do thiu hemoglobin.E. Gim cung cp mu n cc m.Cu 6: C ch no sau y gp trong thng gia ng tnh mch ln:A. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng chuyn ha c s.B. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng khi lng m.C. Ri lon chuyn ha trong vng Krebs do thiu sinh t B1.D. Gim ti oxy n cc m do thiu hemoglobin.E. Gim cung cp mu n cc m.Cu 7: C ch no sau y gp trong thai nghn v bo ph:A. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng chuyn ha c s.B. Tng nhu cu v oxy do tng khi lng m.C. Ri lon chuyn ha trong vng Krebs do thiu sinh t B1.D. Gim ti oxy n cc m do thiu hemoglobin.E. Gim cung cp mu n cc m.Cu 8: Trng thi bnh l bo sau y khng trc tip gy gim lu lng tim:A. Hp van tim.B. Thiu mu mn.C. Gim th tch mu.D. Thiu nng tuyn gip.E. Nhi mu c tim.Cu 9: Trng thi bnh l bo sau y khng trc tip gy gim lu lng tim:A. H van tim.B. Dn rng t ngt mch mu ngoi vi.C. Lon nhp.D. Vim c tim.E. Bo ph.Cu 10: C ch no sau y gp trong dn rng t ngt mch mu ngoi vi:A. Th tch mu khng to c p lc cn thit di chuyn nhanh.B. Gim lu lng tun hon c th dn n sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.C. Gim lng mu lm y tim cui k tim dn do k tm trng ngn li.D. Trong k tm thu mt phn mu t tm tht tri chy ngc ln tm nh tri.E. Tm nh tri y khng ht th tch mu xung tm tht tri.Cu 11: C ch no sau y gp trong lon nhp nhanh:A. Th tch mu khng to c p lc cn thit di chuyn nhanh.B. Gim lu lng tun hon c th dn n sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.C. Gim lng mu lm y tim cui k tim dn do k tm trng ngn li.D. Trong k tm thu mt phn mu t tm tht tri chy ngc ln tm nh tri.E. Tm nh tri y khng ht th tch mu xung tm tht tri.Cu 12: C ch no sau y gp trong h van hai l:A. Th tch mu khng to c p lc cn thit di chuyn nhanh.B. Gim lu lng tun hon c th dn n sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.C. Gim lng mu lm y tim cui k tim dn do k tm trng ngn li.D. Trong k tm thu mt phn mu t tm tht tri chy ngc ln tm nh tri.E. Tm nh tri y khng ht th tch mu xung tm tht tri.Cu 13: C ch no sau y gp trong hp van hai l:A. Th tch mu khng to c p lc cn thit di chuyn nhanh.B. Gim lu lng tun hon c th dn n sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.C. Gim lng mu lm y tim cui k tim dn do k tm trng ngn li.D. Trong k tm thu mt phn mu t tm tht tri chy ngc ln tm nh tri.E. Tm nh tri y khng ht th tch mu xung tm tht tri.Cu 14: C ch no sau y gp trong mt mu cp:A. Th tch mu khng to c p lc cn thit di chuyn nhanh.B. Gim lu lng tun hon c th dn n sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.C. Gim lng mu lm y tim cui k tim dn do k tm trng ngn li.D. Trong k tm thu mt phn mu t tm tht tri chy ngc ln tm nh tri.E. Tm nh tri y khng ht th tch mu xung tm tht tri.Cu 15: T th bnh nhn thun li nht khi nghe ting tim trong hp van hai l :A. Nm nga.B. Ngi nghing ra trc.C. Ngi v th ra.D. Nm nga nghing tri .E. Nm nga nghing phi. Cu 16: Cc trng hp bnh l sau y c th l bin chng ca h van hai l, tr :A. St.B. Vi khun bm vo van hai l.C. Lon nhp tim.D. Suy tim.E. Tng huyt p h thng.Cu 17: Thay i quan trng nht trong hp van ng mch ch:A. Tm tht tri ph i do tng gnh p lc.B. Tm tht tri dn do tng gnh th tch.C. Tm nh tri ph i do tng gnh p lc.D. Tm nh tri dn do tng gnh th tch.E. Tm phi dn do tng gnh th tch.Cu 18: Trong h van ng mch ch n thun (khng c du hiu suy tim), hiu s p lc gia tm thu v tm trng ti ng mch ch:A. Gim.B. Tng.C. Khng i.D. Gim theo mc dn tm tht tri.E. Gim theo mc ph i tm tht tri.Cu 19: bnh nhn hp van ng mch ch, s xut hin cc triu chng c nng:A. Thng xy ra sm.B. L triu chng nh.C. Khng c gi tr tin lng.D. Cho bit c nh hng n tm nh tri.E. Bo hiu tin trin xu, c th dn n t vong vo nhng nm sau. Cu 20: Gim lu lng tim cp v nng dn n:A. Sc.B. Sc timC. Sc gim th tch .B. Sc phn b.C. Sc tc nghn.Cu 21: Hai biu hin chnh ca sc gim th tch l:A. Mch nhanh v l m.B. L m v tay chn lnh.C. Tay chn lnh v thiu niu.D. Thiu niu v gim huyt p.E. Gim huyt p v du hiu thiu oxy cc m.Cu 22: Khc bit c bn v bnh sinh gia tng lu lng tim v gim lu lng tim l khc bit gia:A. Tnh trng thch nghi v tnh trng bnh l.B. Tng nhp tim v gim nhp tim.C. Tng huyt p v gim huyt p.D. Dn mch ngoi vi v co mch ngoi vi.E. a niu v thiu niu.Cu 23: Yu t chnh lm gia tng hu gnh i vi tim:A. Tng nhp.B. Tng th tch tim bp.C. Co tiu ng mch.D. Co tiu tnh mch.E. Hot ho h renin-angiotensin-aldosteronCu 24: Yu t chnh lm gia tng tin gnh i vi tim:A. Tng nhp.B. Tng th tch tim bp.C. Co tiu ng mch.D. Co tiu tnh mch.E. Hot ho h renin-angiotensin-aldosteron.Cu 25: Trong suy tim, s hot ho h renin-angiotensin-aldosteron tham gia gy ph theo c ch quan trng nht l: A. Tng p lc thu tnh trong mao mch.B. Tng tnh thm thnh mao mch.C. Tng p lc thm thu ngoi bo.D. Gim p lc keo mu.E. Cn tr tun hon bch huyt.Cu 26: Trong suy tim tri, s hot ho h renin-angiotensin-aldosteron dn n cc hu qu sau y, tr :A. Gy tng ti hp thu Na+ v nc ti thn.B. Gy tng th tch mu.C. Gy co mch. D. Tham gia gy ph.E. Lm gim hu gnh i vi tm tht tri.Cu 27: Dn tim, cc cu sau y ng, tr :A. L tnh trng thch nghi ca tim.B. Dn n tng th tch tim bp.C. Dn n tng sc co bp c tim.D. Dn n tng trng lng c tim.E. Khi sarcome dn trn 2,2 micromt th sc co bp ca si c tim gim li.Cu 28: C ch chnh ca xanh tm xy ra mun mt s bnh tim bm sinh l:A. Gim lu lng tim.B. i chiu shunt phi tri.C. Ri lon tun hon cc b.D. tr mu ngoi vi.E. tr mu ti phi.Cu 29: Vim mng ngoi tim co tht c th dn ti suy tim theo c ch:A. Gim d tr tin ti.B. Tng gnh th tch.C. Tng gnh p lc.D. Tng tin gnh.E. Tng hu gnh.Cu 30: Yu t ng vai tr quan trng bt nht trong tng huyt p do ri lon chuyn ho l:A. Natri.B. Kaki.C. Cholesterol.D. Oestrogen.E. Angiotensin-like.Cu 31: Trong cc bnh sau y, bnh t dn n suy tim nht l:A. Cao huyt p.B. Suy mch vnh.C. Bnh van tim.D. Bnh tim bm sinh.E. Bnh phi.Cu 32: Cc triu chng sau y gp trong suy tim tri n thun, tr:A. Kh th. B. Nhp th Cheyne-StokesC. Cn hen tim.D. Ho.E. Gan ln.Cu 33: Cc triu chng sau y gp trong ph phi cp, tr:A. Ran m.B. Ho.C. Khc m c bt hng.D. Co ko trn v di xng c.E. Kh th khng theo t th. Cu 34: Gan ln trong suy tim phi c cc c im sau y, tr:A. S c di b sn phi.B. B nhn.C. B mt gan nhn.D. Khng au.E. Gan n xp.Cu 35: Cc triu chng sau y gp trong suy tim phi n thun, tr:A. Gan ln.B. Ran m phi.C. Ph chi.D. Thiu niu.E. Tnh mch c ni.Cu 36: Cc bnh l gy cao huyt p sau y c th iu tr bng phu thut, tr:A. U li thng thn.B. Hp ng mch thn.C. Bnh porphyrin cp.D. Hi chng Conn.E. Hp eo ng mch ch.Cu 37: Cc bnh ni tit sau y l nguyn nhn ca tng huyt p, tr:A. Bnh to cc.B. Suy thng thn.C. U li thng thn.D. Hi chng Conn.E. Hi chng Cushing. Cu 38: Triu chng lun lun gp trong hi chng tng tit aldosteron tin pht:A. Gim renin mu.B. Tng axit uric mu.C. Tng creatinin mu.D. Gim Natri mu.E. Tng kali mu.Cu 39: Trong cc bnh sau y, bnh d gy hnh thnh cc mu ng nht:A. Hp van ng mch ch.B. Hp van hai l.C. H van ng mch phiD. Thng lin tht.E. Bnh c tim nghn.Cu 40: Aspirin c tc dng chng ngng tp tiu cu do c ch:A. Phospholypase.B. Lypo-oxygenase.C. Cyclo-oxygenase.D. Renin.E. Thrombin.Cu 41: Tng lu lng tim phn nh c ch thch nghi ca c th, gp trong tnh trng sinh l hoc bnh l.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 42: Tng lu lng tim c th do nguyn nhn ti tim mch hoc ngoi tim mch, trong nhm nguyn nhn ti tim mch thng gp v quan trng hn.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 43: Gim lu lng tim phn nh tnh trng thch nghi ca c th.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 44: Gim lu lng tim ch xy ra do nguyn nhn ngoi tim mch, trong mt s nguyn nhn thng gp v quan trng, c th nhanh chng dn n bnh cnh nng. A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 45: Tng lu lng tim hay gim lu lng tim u c th dn n suy tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 46: Trong gim lu lng tim, s ti phn b mu l c ch thch nghi quan trng. Khi cc mch mu ngoi vi co li a mu n cung cp cc c quan trng yu nh no v tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 47: Trong gim lu lng tim, c ch thch nghi thn kinh th dch nng huyt p ln nhng c tr gi, l gy tng hu gnh i vi tm tht tri.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 48: Trong tng lu lng tim, c ch thch nghi bng cch dn tim nhng c tr gi, l s gia tng p lc trong bung tim gy gim cung cp mu cho vng di ni tm mc nn d dn n thiu mu cc b.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 49: Trong tng lu lng tim, c ch thch nghi bng cch ph i tim nhng c tr gi, l c tim tng nhu cu v oxy.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 50: Trong bnh van tim, hai van thng b tn thng nht do bin chng ca bnh thp khp cp l van hai l v van ng mch ch v l hu qu ca phn ng min dch.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 51: Thng c th nghe r ting thi tm thu do tng cung lng tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 52: Tng lu lng tim ko di s dn n bnh cnh suy tim cung lng cao.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 53: a s cc nguyn nhn gy tng lu lng tim thng qua c ch dn mch ngoi vi lm d mu tr v tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 54: Dn rng mch mu ngoi vi t ngt v nng c th dn n trng thi sc gi l sc gim th tch tuyt i.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 55: Mt mu cp v nng c th dn n trng thi sc gi l sc gim th tch tng i.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 56: Cc bnh l tim nng c th dn n trng thi sc gi l sc tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 57: Tc mch mu phi hoc tng p lc ng mch phi tin pht c th dn n trng thi sc gi l sc do tc nghn. A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 58: Trong tng lu lng tim, tim thch nghi bng cch dn tim , l s gia tng ng knh si c tim lm cho lm tng dung tch bung tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 59: Trong tng lu lng tim, tim thch nghi bng cch ph i tim, l s gia tng chiu di si c tim dn n tng sc co bp c tim.A. ng.B. Sai.Cu 60: Trong bnh cnh tng lu lng tim ko di, nh c ch thch nghi ca c th nn chc nng tim c th hot ng gn nh bnh thng, nhng d tr nng lng ca c tim gim, nn ch cn c nguyn nhn gy tng thm gnh nng cho tim th s dn n suy tim.A. ng.B. Sai.

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